They are tied in such a way that they are unable to turn their heads. All they can see is the wall of the cave. The prisoners are chained since their childhood and have not seen the outside world ever. Behind them burns a fire. In between the fire and the prisoners there is a small path which is used by the people.
In the Allegory of the Cave, three brothers are chained to a wall and the brother can only see shadows of real things. One brother is set free from the cave and can now perceive reality for what it really is. The brother tries to go back and save his other brothers but his brothers are too comfortable in their chains. Even if the brother was able to set his brothers free and let them see outside of the cave, the brothers would have gone blind from the brightness. Both Linda and John died because they were shown new realities too fast which is the representation of the brothers going blind from the brightness of the sun.
For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato.
Socrates is under guard when Crito visits him, thus the plan to escape. He has been found guilty of trumped up charges, “corrupting the young and not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other new spiritual things.”(24b) Both Socrates and Crito, however, know that he is innocent. If he is innocent, escaping would be the first crime he committed and if he were captured, then it would be known that Socrates is guilty of his crimes. But, if he were in fact guilty, escaping from Athens would only add to his list of crimes. Under these unjust circumstances, Crito argues that Socrates has a duty to escape.
“It’s clear to me that to die now and escape my troubles was a better thing for me” (Apology 41d). Socrates was a very wise man who gave deep and intellectual ideas regarding a human’s purpose in life and afterlife. He was arguing with the Men of Athens (the jury) because he was accused for disturbing the peace. Socrates was a mentor to Plato (who writes Phaedo, Symposium, Apology, and Republic about Socrates’ philosophical views) and was essential to the development of philosophy in classical Greece. Plato writes these books about Socrates’ life to dive deep into his thoughts, truth, and worldview.
In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, a story is told of chained prisoners in cave that can only see right in front of them. There’s a fire that burns behind them and they perceive only what shadows they see. These shadows were all they knew and to the prisoners these shadows were real. One prisoner breaks free and leaves the cave to which he discovers the blinding light of reality. The reality he and the other prisoners had their backs turned to.
“How successful is Plato’s doctrine of anamnesis in undermining Ancient materialism?” Throughout Plato’s “Meno” and “Phaedo” dialogues, the philosopher presents his readers with the doctrine of anamnesis, a psychological theory which undermines ancient materialism. Plato’s theory states hat man discovers in his own memory, knowledge which he previously acquired during previous incarnations of the soul, such as; values whose objects can not be material and basic universal ideas, as well as the concept that the soul is immortal. The theory supports the idea of the transgression of souls and pre existence. Plato succeeds in delivering his theory through putting forward different arguments such as; theory of recollection, the argument from
The only thing Plato believed was real was an idea. He believed that the world we live is just an imperfect copy of the ideal world. Aristotle , although believed to be an ardent follower of Plato had different views, he was a Realist. In the picture he hold his book ‘ The Ethics ’ and seen pointing towards the ground. He said that the only thing which is real is the physical world we live in.
The prisoners in Socrates’ story live harsh lives. The setting for these lives is an underground den with little light. They are imprisoned from their youth in this den, and their necks and legs are chained to prevent movement. The only light available for them comes from a small hole at the entrance and a fire that remains at their backs. These weak sources of illumination cast shadows around the prisoners, producing the only visual stimulation they ever experience.
First and foremost, it fails to adhere to the long-winded rules of imitation. The entire Republic is Plato’s attempts to imitate Socrates and his beliefs. Although Socrates could be considered to be a noble man to imitate and therefore Plato should not cower at imitating him, for he is a “good man...acting in a faultless and intelligent manner,” (396d) there is the presence of bullheaded Thrasymachus to be considered. In addition, Socrates himself engages in many acts of imitation throughout the Republic in his examples and theoretical