Introduction Plato, a famous Greek philosopher wrote the Allegory of the Cave. He tried to answer some of the profound questions which arose about the nature of reality. He tells the story of 'Allegory of the Cave' as a conversation between his mentor, Socrates (Plato’s mentor), who inspired many of Plato's philosophical theories, and one of Socrates' students, Glaucon (Plato’s older brother). He uses an allegory as a short informative story, to illustrate 'forms' and the 'cave,' in his main work, The Republic (which first appeared around 380 BC). It is one of the most perceptive attempts to explain the nature of reality.
The cave as a whole represents the visible realm. In the dialogue, the prisoners are chained so that they can only see what is in front of them and being depicted on the wall. “They’ve been there since childhood, fixed in the same place, with their necks and legs fettered, able to see only in front of them,” (514b). A prisoner is freed and dragged outside the cave,
However, there is more to life then living in the cave. Once one of the men sees the light, they will slowly learn to embrace the new reality of sunlight. The idea of the Allegory of the Cave and other ideals of Socrates, while centuries old, continue appear in today’s literature and media. Award winning film director Christopher Nolan’s Batman Trilogy is filled with the philosophies of Plato and Socrates. The third installment of the trilogy, The Dark Knight Rises, makes an almost exact illustration of the Allegory of the Cave and how it affects current society.
Eros the guide to the divine or to our other half is an interesting thought and perspective. However let’s start off with what are Plato’s dialogues, which are translations of Plato’s well known and influential pieces of work there are a few of these dialogues each with their own aspects on love. Symposium is comprised of several speeches on the topic of Eros it also has an astonishing description of love’s presumed final form being beauty according to a highly renown man of philosophy Socrates . Who is portrayed in the dialogue and lastly the dialogue is “artfully dramatic works of philosophy ever composed” (Plato, Nehamas and Woodruff). Now this is where the idea if Eros being a connection to the divine by Eros origin
The tale regarding the afterlife and the transmigration of souls which concludes Plato’s Republic, written in approximately 380 BCE, has since altered the way in which people view the meaning of life. His legend entitled The Myth of Er depicts a man’s exploration of the afterlife and ultimately serves as motivation for people to better themselves so that they may have a more pleasant future after death. Plato’s iconic story forever impacted religious and philosophical thought. For instance, it greatly inspired Marcus Tullius Cicero (106 BCE-23 BCE), a Roman lawyer, politician, and philosopher, as seen through his rendition of The Myth of Er which is called The Dream of Scipio (Ferguson, 2018). Additionally, parallels between Plato’s myth and
Let’s examine the prisoner in his natural state, shackled up and staring at the shadows presented to him. In fact Socrates describes the wall in front of it, “like the partition at the front of a puppet stage.”(Stephanus 514b), what do you do when given a stage, you watch and become immersed in the world they present you. He lives in the reality presented to him, his education is whatever the shadows show him, the blinders he wears prevents him from seeing anything else(Stephanus 514b). His condition is deplorable, all they have is a fire for warmth and it is open to conjecture as to whether or not they have enough to eat. Yet the prisoner accepts this, why else would he fight to stay, it is all he knows and all that he cares for.
He escapes from Annie Wilkes, the devil figure, fully based on himself as he is completely isolated from other people. He goes through many horrible things such as drinking his urine, losing his left foot and his left thumb. But, at the end, he still has the faith and braveness to fight with Annie. Paul Sheldon, like a phoenix rises from ashes, does not only get his freedom back but most importantly, he got his ability to write novels again. From his survival, he proves to all the readers that he is not only a warrior hero but also a transcendent hero; he does not only on a journey for the quest for vengeance but also the quest to rid the land of danger as he goes through the five stages of a hero’s journey.
They have been there since they were very young, perhaps from birth; we can infer this from Socrates' saying, "Here they have been from their childhood" (Plato, pg. 1). Their legs and necks are chained, so they can't move; they can't even move their heads due to the placement of the chains. Behind and above them is a distant, roaring fire; between this fire and the prisoners, a raised way exists, where a low wall is built. The humans chained can see the shadows of puppet-like objects, along with their own shadows, and this is essentially all they know.
Plato’s Allegory of the cave represents life/death/rebirth. Life/death/rebirth is a popular archetype that most authors use in fictional books. Plato’s Allegory of the cave begins with people that are locked in chains inside of a cave. The people inside the cave see shadows on the wall of animals and creatures that they think represents their life. This cave is an illusion of life that the people are experiencing.
In The Apology, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct certainly not to apologize it. Derived from the Greek word “apologia,” which translates as a speech made in defense or as a defense only. This is an account of the speech Socrates makes at a trial in which he is charged inventing new deities, not recognizing the Gods recognized by state, and the Youth of Athens corruption. Phaedo claims to survey the events and conversations that happened on the day Socrates which is Plato’s teacher was put to death by the state of Athens. This is the most widely read dialogues written by Plato.
Plato compares a number of things in this essay- the material world to the world of ideas, the life of the mind to work of governing, silver and gold to virtue and wisdom. How does he use his comparisons to make his arguments? 2. )Plato creates the Allegory of the Cave to be a conversation between his mentor Socrates and one of his student Glaucon. Plato sets the story to demonstrate that the “blinded” prisoner or in a more cultural sense the men of iron.
William James once said in his book “ History is a bath of blood”, “Modern man inherits all the innate pugnacity and all the love of glory of his ancestors. Showing war’s irrationality and horror is of no effect on him. The horrors make the fascination. War is the strong life; it is life in Extremis; war taxes are the only ones men never hesitate to pay, as the budgets of all nations show us.” (303) However, this does not seem true to most returning veterans. According to two short fictional stories “ Soldier’s Home” and “ A Perfect Day for Bananafish,” two protagonists’ lives after brutal wars explicitly demonstrate the idea that they are not only pathetic survivors from battles, but also victims of relentless wars through authors’ vivid depictions of each character and elaborate arrangement of settings.
Socrates, the father of philosophy, used the Socratic Method to teach; he asked questions, allowing students to use their own prior knowledge to form answers, looking within to find the truth. His student Plato’s story, “The Cave,” emphasizes that humans may independently take the intellectual journey to enlightenment, reach the Realm of Perfect Forms, and discover truth for themselves. Both teacher and student insisted that Man himself had to reach truth, as it is not received from a higher
“Whereas, our argument shows that the power and capacity of learning exist in the soul already;” (Plato). Spoken by Socrates in reference to the philosophy of life, this quote depicts the meaning of broadening our horizons in order to gain knowledge and escape the shackles that confine us in the form of deceit. This quote is portrayed in Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” as the prisoners detained in the cave are deluded by their perception of reality, and the prisoner that escapes loses that distorted world and becomes enlightened. The cave is a representation of the hidden lies in which the prisoners are provided as the premises of their knowledge and are restrained from the truth to remain ignorant. Ultimately, one of the prisoners discovers that the world in actuality is