BACKGROUND: The following notes describe the background of the time period and the culture. This is for better understanding of the text, relevancy, and application of Socrates’ views in regards to the ancient time period and our life. -Pythagoreans view on death consisted of a belief in immortality of the soul, reincarnation in human or animal form, and the concern to keep the soul pure by avoiding contamination of the body. Socrates uses these themes to discuss his own perception about immortality.
The human soul is, in essence, the center being of a body. The soul is believed to live eternally even after the body has perished. Each living person deserves the right to have total control of their soul. Yet, there are those who aim to control the total being by first controlling the soul. In Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, the Controllers in the World State devalue the dignity of the human soul through various methods of control and manipulation.
If the opportunity arose, where no consequences were given for someone’s actions, do you think that individual will still commit an unfavorable action such as killing for his own personal need? In “The Ring of Gyges” the disposition of justice is called into question. As humans continue to live we must contemplate the true driving force for our morality. A discussion between Socrates and Glaucon is one main focal point into explaining the differences in how humans truly established their morality. Glaucon believes humans are restrained by consequences and human’s happiness comes from being an unjust person rather than Socrates’ belief of being just truly leads to happiness.
“I cannot put away the reasons which I have before given: the principles which I have hitherto honored and revered I still honor”. Socrates states this fact while discussing with Crito the issue of wether or not he should escape sentencing in Athens. Should he escape Athens and abandon all of his beliefs, which he has spent his life preaching? or Should he accept his sentencing, and go down for something that he believes in? I agree with Socrates that he should not escape from Athens to continue teaching because, if he did escape, he would be going against his core beliefs and adversely affecting his
PHI 101/Lesson #3: What does it mean to be free? Nietzsche: Give me your explanation regarding, what does it mean to be free? Sartre: That question is a double edged sword, but I will attempt to explain, first of all you must reject any type of belief in God or any nonsense of a sort and by doing so you free yourself and your mind.
The author of Death of Socrates is by a greek philosopher, Plato. This type of entry can be a type of journal or story. The intended audience for Death of Socrates are those learning about Greece, or those interested in Socrates. This story can infer to readers that the main purpose is to inform readers of Socrates’ brave acceptance towards his death punishment. Plato wants readers to know if Socrates deserved the death penalty for his teachings.
As Antigone’s introduction explains, “Creon apparently knows that this…is at odds with the traditional understanding of divine law…which justice demands that family members are permitted to bury their dead relatives whether or not they were loyal to the
In Plato’s Apology, Socrates defended his charges of corrupting the youth by saying he was only providing service to the god that acknowledged him of being wiser than anyone else. However, Socrates was eventually sentenced to death and his thoughts regarding death soon followed. He argues that death is not a bad thing – it is either relocation to a pleasant afterlife or the end of existence. One could easily reason that relocation to any form of heaven is considered good. On the other hand, it would be very reasonable to assume that death being the complete end of existence is an extremely bad thing.
But if there is a judgement by God after one dies, then there is another form of punishment that Thrasymachus has to address. And if there is a punishment from God, then obeying Him is how one ought to live. Which, of course, relies upon worldviews, so my critique is that he should address the eternal consequences of temporal actions. If that means he does not think there is eternal consequences because there is no God, then it would be helpful for the
Epictetus’s way of philosophy is one that is purely Stoic, imploring that the solution to human finitude is one where humans can live life without showing feeling or complaining about pain and hardships towards unsavory situations. Each of his rules in his handbook offers advice in which the subject simply “deals” with disappointment, or rather, doesn’t expect something out of the scopes of reason and logic, so that, figuratively, when occurrences don’t go their way, they aren’t disappointed. This is because to Epictetus, all external events in life are pre-determined by fate, so it’s already out of our hands from the beginning. With a calm dispassion, or indifference, we approach our fate and accept it. This is shown in his rules in The Handbook,
Plato’s Apology is in the words of Socrates. The apology explains what Socrates though of death as he awaited his death after being condemned for not believing in God. He believed after death, one would either go to another world or be in a state of nothingness. He had the theory of death being a place where one would learn about life and talk to people that no longer walk the Earth. He supports his argument that death is a gain by explaining that he, Socrates, will get to speak to famous poets and past heroes.
Quote 1 “I have spoken it without concealing anything from you, major or minor, and without glossing over anything. And yet I am virtually certain that it is my very candour that makes enemies for me-which goes to show that I am right” This quote on page 21b is philosophical because Socrates defines the after problem of being honest and open in expressing what they feel. Socrates without any fear from anyone says the truth but, also knows that in this world honesty does not always get on the safe road.