This Oligarchy exiled and murdered thousands of people and took their property. The leaders of this regime were coined "The Thirty Tyrants". It was rumored that Socrates supported these "Thirty Tyrants" and when they ordered Socrates to arrest Leon of Salamis he refused, but didn 't care to warn Leon of impending danger. After democracy was restored in Athens, Socrates was considered a pest and called "gadfly" because of his inquiry, using the Socratic method he was exposing issues with Athenian politicians. He claimed that he was "a sort of gadfly, given to the state by God; and the state is a great and noble steed who is tardy in his motions owing to his very size, and requires to be stirred into life."
Perceiving his obliviousness in most common undertakings, Socrates reasoned that he should be more clever than other men just in that he realizes that he knows nothing. Keeping in mind the end goal to spread this exceptional shrewdness, Socrates clarifies that he thought of it as his obligation to address assumed "insightful" men and to uncover their false intelligence as obliviousness. These exercises earned him much esteem among the adolescent of Athens, yet much contempt and outrage from the general population he humiliated. He refers to their scorn as the purpose behind his being put on trial.
Socrates should be considered a tragic hero because he had an intellectual error, not an ethical one. I think that it is a little ironic that Socrates, the man who was all about intellect, had an intellectual error. Socrates was a man who focused on the truth, and unfortunately he failed to realize that the truth might not be what everyone else was focused on. In relation to what I stated earlier here is some in text evidence; Socrates said “to disregard the manner of my speech- it doesn't matter how it compares- and to consider and concentrate your attention upon this one question, whether my claims are
He is guilty of making paying them to make us look like fools. He says "I 'm completely poverty-stricken"(l 65). This alone shows that he pays youngsters to go around and make us look bad by saying we are not wise. This point is again proven by him when he says, "These fellows often imitate me and try questioning others. "(l 68-69) Socrates doesn 't believe in the gods.
These accusers claim that he is “a student of all things in the sky and below the earth, who makes the worse argument stronger. Those who spread that rumor, gentlemen, are my dangerous accusers, for their hearers believe that those who study these things do not even believe in the gods” (Plato 18b). This means that he is accused of teaching scientific explanations for heaven and earth ad convincing people of erroneous facts through rhetoric, leading people to believe that he doesn’t believe in God. He first addresses the accusation of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” by saying that he knows nothing about such things and denies that anyone has ever heard him even speak about them (Plato 19b-19d). He then addresses the accusation of teaching others how to make a weak argument strong.
Instead of establishing justice, many people in the trial let their personal judgments of Socrates establish him as the criminal when he was innocent. The system is not just if people do not focus on the evidence, but rather, they focus on their opinions on the defendant. If the system is not just, then the conclusion is not just. Therefore, Socrates should not accept the conclusions of trial with jurors that did not follow the rules of
Not believing in Gods Socrates did not recognize the gods, which were generally accepted in Athens. As it is known, in the community of that time some traditions and regulations were formed, and if person did not compliance them, this person acts against society. The charge was formulated as follows: "Socrates breaks the law not recognizing the gods, which recognizes the city, but recognizing the believing in some new genius" (literally "new demon"). So if in Athens laws was also traditions, and tradition was to believe in generally accepted gods, not believing in gods Socrates was breaking the law. (Modus Ponens) Socrates is like Jesus: both of them did not believe in gods of that time and both were just speaking to society, but in those speeches were hidden the great idea.
Fallacy 6: ‘The boy lied and you know it’ - This statement by juror 3 includes a fallacy since he forcefully asserts a statement to make it true which may or may not be true. No one could actually say whether the boy was lying or not but he said it as if it was a universal truth. Fallacy 7: ‘Bright! He’s a common, ignorant slob. He doesn’t even speak good English’ – This statement by juror 10 is again the person specific and not on the main issue, thus involves ‘Attack on the person’.
Socrates never answers if he accepted the gods and claimed to be guided by his inner daimonon. The audience was outraged as well as the conventional supporters in the court. The second argument is presented when Socrates undergoes this investigation. He believes it's his duty to the gods of the oracle to continue questioning men who think they are wise in order to show them that they are not truly intelligent. He starts his interrogation with those that are believed to have the greatest reputation and wisdom and visits with the politicians, poets, and craftsmen.
Oedipus talked to Teiresias about his powers and what he knows in lines 110-125, however, Teiresias initially just wants to leave and let Oedipus deal with his own fate. As Oedipus’s patience runs out, he demands “Out with it! Have you no feeling at all!” to Teiresias, which fails to accomplish anything but anger him. Teiresias then tells Oedipus he is the actual murderer of the previous king, causing Oedipus to go into a rage where he accused Creon of being a usurper, and Teiresias of helping him in his task from lines 160-185. After his accusations, Oedipus mocked Teiresias for his blindness, and told him to leave the palace as Oedipus had grown tired of him.