This Oligarchy exiled and murdered thousands of people and took their property. The leaders of this regime were coined "The Thirty Tyrants". It was rumored that Socrates supported these "Thirty Tyrants" and when they ordered Socrates to arrest Leon of Salamis he refused, but didn 't care to warn Leon of impending danger. After democracy was restored in Athens, Socrates was considered a pest and called "gadfly" because of his inquiry, using the Socratic method he was exposing issues with Athenian politicians. He claimed that he was "a sort of gadfly, given to the state by God; and the state is a great and noble steed who is tardy in his motions owing to his very size, and requires to be stirred into life."
He clarifies that his conduct originates from an insight by the prophet at Delphi who guaranteed that he was the wisest of all men. Perceiving his obliviousness in most common undertakings, Socrates reasoned that he should be more clever than other men just in that he realizes that he knows nothing. Keeping in mind the end goal to spread this exceptional shrewdness, Socrates clarifies that he thought of it as his obligation to address assumed "insightful" men and to uncover their false intelligence as obliviousness. These exercises earned him much esteem among the adolescent of Athens, yet much contempt and outrage from the general population he humiliated. He refers to their scorn as the purpose behind his being put on trial.
I think that it is a little ironic that Socrates, the man who was all about intellect, had an intellectual error. Socrates was a man who focused on the truth, and unfortunately he failed to realize that the truth might not be what everyone else was focused on. In relation to what I stated earlier here is some in text evidence; Socrates said “to disregard the manner of my speech- it doesn't matter how it compares- and to consider and concentrate your attention upon this one question, whether my claims are
He says "I 'm completely poverty-stricken"(l 65). This alone shows that he pays youngsters to go around and make us look bad by saying we are not wise. This point is again proven by him when he says, "These fellows often imitate me and try questioning others. "(l 68-69) Socrates doesn 't believe in the gods. He says, "I thought that there, if anywhere, I could prove the oracle wrong.
These accusers claim that he is “a student of all things in the sky and below the earth, who makes the worse argument stronger. Those who spread that rumor, gentlemen, are my dangerous accusers, for their hearers believe that those who study these things do not even believe in the gods” (Plato 18b). This means that he is accused of teaching scientific explanations for heaven and earth ad convincing people of erroneous facts through rhetoric, leading people to believe that he doesn’t believe in God. He first addresses the accusation of “studying things in the sky and below the earth” by saying that he knows nothing about such things and denies that anyone has ever heard him even speak about them (Plato 19b-19d).
The system is not just if people do not focus on the evidence, but rather, they focus on their opinions on the defendant. If the system is not just, then the conclusion is not just. Therefore, Socrates should not accept the conclusions of trial with jurors that did not follow the rules of
Not believing in Gods Socrates did not recognize the gods, which were generally accepted in Athens. As it is known, in the community of that time some traditions and regulations were formed, and if person did not compliance them, this person acts against society. The charge was formulated as follows: "Socrates breaks the law not recognizing the gods, which recognizes the city, but recognizing the believing in some new genius" (literally "new demon"). So if in Athens laws was also traditions, and tradition was to believe in generally accepted gods, not believing in gods Socrates was breaking the law.
This statement by juror 3 includes a fallacy since he forcefully asserts a statement to make it true which may or may not be true. No one could actually say whether the boy was lying or not but he said it as if it was a universal truth. Fallacy 7: ‘Bright! He’s a common, ignorant slob.
Socrates never answers if he accepted the gods and claimed to be guided by his inner daimonon. The audience was outraged as well as the conventional supporters in the court. The second argument is presented when Socrates undergoes this investigation. He believes it's his duty to the gods of the oracle to continue questioning men who think they are wise in order to show them that they are not truly intelligent.
Oedipus talked to Teiresias about his powers and what he knows in lines 110-125, however, Teiresias initially just wants to leave and let Oedipus deal with his own fate. As Oedipus’s patience runs out, he demands “Out with it! Have you no feeling at all!” to Teiresias, which fails to accomplish anything but anger him. Teiresias then tells Oedipus he is the actual murderer of the previous king, causing Oedipus to go into a rage where he accused Creon of being a usurper, and Teiresias of helping him in his task from lines 160-185.
Socrates presents himself in front of the jury to defend him on account of four charges. He has many accusers. The three old accusers are Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. The new accusers charge Socrates for giving rational reasons for the phenomenon that is considered to be creations of the gods and for making a weaker argument trump a strong one: moral corruption. They accuse Socrates because he teaches other people to follow his ways.
In the story “Apology”, “Socrates is standing in front of a Jury defending himself for converting the youth to believe in a God that the Athenians do not believe in.” (121) Chaerephon, a friend of Socrates, went to Delphi and asked if there was anyone wiser than Socrates. Delphi had said that Socrates was the wisest man, this had given the reputation to Socrates which had lead the youth looking up to Socrates as a god. Socrates did not understand how. Socrates wanted to find out himself if he was the wisest man in the world, so he gave an examination to an unnamed politician.
Tristan Courtney AP Lang Mr. Sontum 2/19/15 Apology of Socrates Rhetorical Analysis The Apology of Socrates has many rhetorical devices and he uses each of them to appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos. He uses these to defend himself against the ridiculous accusation of not believing in the gods recognized by the state and also of corrupting the youth in Athens, and also to prove that their acquittal or absolution does nothing to him.