Appearance and reality played an important role in this story because it was the truth and what the prisoners were perceiving. One of the prisoners is released and is forced to go outside and see the fire and sunlight. Their eyes
Methods of Rationalism by Plato and Descartes Philosophy has had an impact on mankind for thousands of years. This topic attempts to answer questions about the everyday world, and how things are the way they are. In Philosophy, there are many different topics that are discussed. These topics include Epistemology, Ontology, Ethics, Political and Social Philosophy, Aesthetics, Logic, and more. The topic that will be discussed in this paper is Epistemology, or the study of knowledge.
In both works, the cave prisoners and Neo are portrayed as ignorant but questioning of the world they cannot see but can sense, as represented by the cave and the matrix. In “Allegory of the Cave”, the prisoners have been chained up since birth, and only know of the world inside the cave. The prisoners have always had curiosity about the outside world, but they are content with their inside world. Socrates even claims that “to [the prisoners], the truth would literally be nothing but the shadows of the images” (Plato 29). Socrates is saying that because all the prisoners know is the shadows, that is all they believe.
Epistemology is most simply the search for the truth. More specifically, Epistemology is looking for knowledge, truth, beliefs and justification for those beliefs. This unit on epistemology is all about searching for truths and how we know them to be true. During this unit, we have talked about many great philosophers and what their theories are on truth and how we can know truth. My belief is that what is true and how we can know it is a synthesis of Descartes, Hume, and Carruthers.
The reason philosophers write truth statements this way is to give sense to the idea that a statement about the world could be wrong or, more accurately, false (philosophers refer to the part in quotes as a statement or proposition). Perhaps you can now see why beliefs are different than truth statements. When you believe something, you hold that or accept that a statement or proposition is true. It could be false that’s why your belief may not “match up” with the way the world really
People define evil as something that is “profoundly immoral, corrupt” and usually battles against the hero during the story. What many don’t realize is that to have the good side, there must also be a bad side because they are only identifiable in their contrast to each other. There would be no concept of good if there was not evil, and vice versa. Parallel to this, the prince would not be a hero if there was no beast or villain to save the princess from. Another part of evil is that it is created by how the person, or in this case monster, is treated, therefore Grendel cannot be completely blamed for who he has become.
Reading Socrates’ Allegory of the Cave gave me different perspectives when it comes to the relationship between intellectual pursuit and good governances, and the relationship between the physical world and our mind in the pursuit of gaining knowledge. The Allegory of the Cave is a parable that displays how, we as humans, are afraid of change and what we do not know or understand. Basically what Socrates is trying to argue is that based upon what people are brought up to believe, that is how they think and they are afraid to change that mindset. Socrates suggests that the shadows compose what life is like for the prisoners because they have never seen anything else; because they are chained up and can’t turn around, they can only see what’s
In “The Allegory of the Cave”, Plato’s idea of the human who escaped the cave, but came back to tell about his learnings but the other people in the cave did not want to listen to him since they believed that the cave was the real truth and did not want to be educated about the outside
Adaption is often scary, and many people will tend to avoid it at all costs. Some people deny the need to adapt, even though it is apparent that adaption is eminent, because of fear of the unknown. The chained prisoners are indeed in denial and not willing to believe their fellow prisoners new found thought because, it goes against their already perceived
The Emperor 's New Clothes also “dramatizes the dangers of habitual blindness in the name of social discretion.” Basically it means that this story is meant to open the eyes of those who are “blind” and just follow the crowd as if they have no brain of their own. However, as a result of a child’s ignorance, children do not seem to understand what society “requires” because they tend to do the noblest and bravest things. According to Hollis Robbins, “the child does not see invisible labor.”
In Euthyphro, Plato’s method of arguing obliviously proves the point that evidence and a clear thought out explanation is needed when trying to describe and explain the difference between two things—especially when involving right and wrong. Although it helps to prove it and make you truly think about the definitions as well as how to describe it, for the person, in this case Euthyphro, on the other side of the argument it can be very annoying; because you explain one thing and then are questioned and have to explain more or then you being to questioned on your own thinking making you have to restart. It is in a way similar to now how little kids go through a phase were they ask “why” to anything and everything; typically the one being questioned