PHIL 243 First Essay Dogachan Dagi In the Republic, Socrates substantially argues that under right conditions Kallipolis which literally means ‘the ideal political state’ can be created. He presents very reasonable arguments about how to achieve and preserve the Kallipolis throughout Book V. However, this essay will strongly claim that Socrates’s Kallipolis is mostly not achievable, and if somehow achieved simply not sustainable. The main problem about his ideal city is the fact that too many regulations go against individual liberties and human nature.
Without human rights, people are open to oppression from others. If a democracy allows for people to be oppressed then the whole reason for creating a government would be pointless. Human rights are codified in the laws of a society. Further those same laws represent the morals of the society since the majority of a society will want its beliefs to be expressed in the laws.
As a social climber, M. Jourdain 's imitations are absurd to anyone but himself. The political lesson implied in La Fontaine 's fable "The Stomach and its Members" is that sometimes the one holding power may be the only one tending to the demands of the society, as the other members may be too busy fulfilling their own, individual needs. However, he also praises the King by indicating that his presence is necessary for the country to operate in a proper way. Despite the differences between the two writers, the main purpose of their works was to praise the Sun King and his absolute monarchy. Failure to do so, often resulted in harsh punishments, such as being sent to jail.
Men have the desire to live together in a common interest, so the state is formed towards equality between citizens. Nevertheless, male and female relationships are inevitable and necessary because it is a natural activity. That is why human beings need to be together in a common interest in order to progress, because they are unable to live by their own. As Aristotle values politics as the most significant virtue, he reflects that a citizen can only be a member of the state if he takes part in the political life of the city. Therefore, not everybody is allowed to be considered as citizens; slaves and foreign people are not citizens.
That good is “freedom... the glory of the democratic state”(The Republic, Plato). Democracy emphasizes maximum freedom and personal liberty, but Plato imagines that this leads to a kind of anarchy with “subjects who are like rulers and rulers who are like subjects” (The Republic, Plato). Plato fears a breakdown of the natural order of society, a corruption in the hierarchy upon which Athenian society was based. Then this “anarchy finds its way into private houses” (The Republic, Plato), with sons disobeying fathers and slaves turning against their masters. Society as a whole will strive for the extremes of liberty; freedom of slaves, and the liberty and equality of the
There are several vital aspects to Machiavelli's regard he's one among the foremost important political theorists of his and our time, particularly looking back to the growth of realistic political approach. the primary factor one has to recognize so as to understand Machiavelli's thought is that he lived in turbulent political times at the start of the Renaissance time. He believes that the well-being of the state is that the responsibility of the ruler and will be achieved by any means possible, even by deceptions, treacheries, and intrigues. The ruler's personal morality is of way less importance than the goodness of the state because the ruler judged by the results of his reign instead of the means that he used.
Benevolent refers to good will or a strong desire to give light to something good .Democracy in my country is something we may unfortunately laugh at if calling it a democracy at all. The presumption that everyone is equivalent in the eyes of the law, or has an equal voice in the governing of their country blindfolds the realities of our continent. In the very light of this, I wish to support the idea that my country requires a benevolent dictator. A benevolent dictator may be defined as someone whose authoritarian leadership is exercised for the benefit of a nation and its people as a whole, in severe contrast to his self betterment, or for the benefit of a selected influential few.
On the other hand, while philosopher Robert Nozick paid a generous tribute to the brilliance of Rawls’ philosophical construction, he provides a rejection to Rawls’ claims from a libertarian perspective. Libertarians have the desire to divide and limit power. That is, government will be limited generally through a written constitution limiting the powers that the people delegate to government (Boaz, 2015). Nozick stated that Rawls’ idea would have resulted in the restriction of free choice or forced distribution within the society.
The corruption charge was a disgraced to the morality of Greek and he said publicly that he would rather be convicted than to suffer restrictions on his free speech. In the same angle, the free speech became more developed during the enlightenment period by the scholars such as John Locke, Baruch Spinoza, Pierre Bayle and others. Locke in his inspirational view claimed that “we are born free as we are born rational,” he further suggested that, the two are linked. Human beings are free in the state of nature, and they are essentially free in a well-formed civil society as well.
These so-called “philosopher kings” held incredible amounts of power in this apparently utopian society and hence there would need to be certain checks and balances to ensure that they do not misuse their power. But no such checks and balances were provided in Plato’s Republic as it would mean an unjust restriction on the society’s guardians. In his article But Who Will Guard the Guardians?, Leonid Hurwicz quotes Glaucon, a character in Plato’s Republic, who says “it would be
Without order or stability, people would kill each other. Another key factor in which Plato and Machiavelli seem to agree on is that by keeping the mass happy the government is safe. Essentially, if people have nothing to truly complain about, then the ruler will not be overthrown by the popular mass. Lastly, although these great philosophers wanted stability and freedom, they both acknowledge the reality that it is impossible to have both in
The Spartans reverence to Lycurgus’s laws help set up a society base on militarism and conservative values. They as a society denying full social and political equality to all men, who allowed females, have social equality. The system in which Lycurgus left the Spartans denied both a democracy and a chance of a tyrant to gain control over the Spartans.
The people of Kaivotopolis have decided to secede from the United States of America because they feel their rights as citizens are not being met. Overwhelming governmental control and police brutality have led citizens to believe that the leaders do not, and probably will never have their best interests in mind. In today 's changing world, a society must be willing to evolve, not have guidelines set in stone for over 200 years regardless of the people 's pleas for change. The people of Kaivotopolis believe a meritocratic, innovation-driven society with a strong education system is an overall better society than the United States. Kaivotopolis 's government will have much less control over every aspect of life and be open to the people 's
Karma is the concept that if you do something bad, you have bad coming for you. It is a fact that indeed, truly finding yourself is all about what you do to make the world a better place, and by helping people. You can 't make an impact on this world unless you impact other people. Nothing good comes from only helping yourself, you will not get anything accomplished in life.
PHIL-401A: Writing Assignment #2 In the second book of the The Republic by Plato, Socrates, ancient Greek philosopher and mentor of the author, attempts to define justice with the help of Adeimantus, and Glaucon. Socrates suggests beginning the expedition by first identifying justice within a city to then hopefully identify justice within a single individual. In order to effectively commence the search for justice within a city, however, the group must explore the birth of cities. The passage of concern is section 369b - 369d with Socrates and Adeimantus as the main interlocutors where Plato argues that cities are formed from need, more specifically basic needs.