Similarities Between Plato And John Locke

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Everyone has a perspective of their own about the government whether it be good or bad. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato and English philosopher John Locke both discuss the topic of government in their literatures. In the Republic by Plato, Plato introduces this concept of a just city. In this city, he believes that the older and wisest person(s) should rule as they are very knowledgeable. Everyone is born innately different according to Plato. Only those who are born with true philosophical understanding can rule. In the Second Treatise by John Locke, Locke addresses the state of nature, which is essentially equality and freedom. Even though people have liberty, they still need to obey natural laws. On the contrary of Plato’s just city, Locke believes that absolute authority is not a civil government. A civil society is where the majority rules. In the conclusion of this paper, I will have illustrated that Plato’s government view is more valid than of Locke’s. In Book II of Plato’s Republic, Plato describes a just city to look at the concepts of political justice. He refers to this city as Kallipolis. A just city is that of which everyone develops a skill based off of their innate abilities. They then further develop that skill to…show more content…
He proclaims the state of nature in which everyone is born free and equal. “It is also a state of equality, in which no-one has more power and authority than anyone else” (Locke, 3). Everyone is familiar of the natural laws, in which maintaining peace and abstaining from harming others was a duty. This was an essential piece in preserving human race. “To do as much as he can to preserve the rest of mankind” (Locke, 4). However, if anyone does not follow these laws, he or she falls behind with the rest of the population. This case can lead to a social sanction, but it does not mean that someone has authority over
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