Plato's Natural Law Theory

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Natural law theory states that there are laws that are immanent in nature and the man made laws should correspond as closely as possible. Man can’t produce natural laws but he can find and discover through his reasoning. If a law is contrary to a natural law then it is not a law. Laws should be related to morality. It is a concept of a body of moral principal that is same for all the man and it can only be find through human reasoning alone. There are many philosophers who followed this theory like Plato, Aristotle and john Locke.
Plato’s theory:
Plato states that nature is inherently good so all laws should belong to the natural laws. Most basic law is doing well and avoid evil. Purpose of law is to live a good life. He believed that man can attain peace through justice and justice can be attained through law.
Aristotle also supported the Plato’s theory. But he believed that justice was within the grasp of the human.
John Locke:
John lock said that there are some rights that are given by the god to human. The most basic rights are life, liberty and property. All people should respect these rights. No person should deny these laws. To preserve these rights is the main purpose of the law.
Legal positivism:
The word “Positivism” was the first used to draw
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Positivist says that there is no obligation to follow a law morally. But in some cases for example (MURDER) it is good to obey law due to its moral content. Another place where it is good to follow law is to solve a coordination problem for example (driving on your right side). In most of the cases our own moral judgements helps us in deciding to obey law or not. The main issue here is how we should view the law morally, whether law in itself is generally a good thing? In some case there are some facts which work against law. So does it imply that law is wrong? There are some arguments related to this
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