1.0 VIVEKANANDA PHILOSOPHY IN EDUCATION Knowledge is actually inherited within a person and not from external sources; it is already embedded in the human’s mind. The stimulus from education is the causes that multiply and widen the knowledge. That is why Vivekananda stated that education is actually the manifestation of the perfection already in man (1993: p.55). Manifestation actually means that something already exists and just waiting to be expressed. In other words, it is the order of making inner or hidden ability to be manifested to the best quality.
It focuses on how someone can establish knowledge from within a conscious mind. Thus meaning that the outside world (true reality) exists in one’s mind and what we think is up to our ideas and truths. According to Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher in the 18th- century, he believes the world exists, but our minds are separate from it; meaning we see things differently in our minds. Learners are taught the wisdom of past heroes. Idealisms approach or aim is that education is to discover and develop individual capabilities and moral sense, spiritually and mentally.
Reading goes a long way in life, providing the reader with experiences of life and training him/her to lead a meaningful life. Bill Beattie, one of the famous authors and writers believes that education should teach us how to think, rather than telling us what to think. Eric Hoffer, an American social writer, believes in the main purpose of education being the implanting of a will and facility to learn. He believes that the purpose of education is to produce learning individuals and not necessarily learned ones. Bishop Creighton, on similar lines states that education should aim at creating people who continually ask questions.
This intention can be accomplished by cultivating certain skills like critical thinking, focusing on student needs, participating students in the democratic life and inculcating values in the young minds of the school itself. Today his progressive movement is widespread across many countries as he promotes student centered learning rather than teacher centered education. Therefore, I strongly support, Dewey’s idea of Progressive education and I would manifest these fundamental aims of education in an educational institute where I would lead. Justifications First of all, I believe that our system should focus more on holistic/Creative education rather than rote learning or memorizing facts. There are several advantages of shifting creative education over rote learning in today’s classrooms.
Maslow Abraham Maslow is known as the discoverer of "values pyramid," which dot the i 's and cross the t 's on human values and needs. However, we often forget about his theory of self-actualization often used in classroom management. Honesty and accepting responsibility for the actions is the key to self-actualization. Whenever a person accepts responsibility, he is self-actualizing. Only the individual is able to reveal his purpose, which means that he can and should take responsibility for his own choices.
Both of these pioneers of teaching and learning have different view and belief on education that may present different and contrasting method in teaching and learning. While spencer believed in the importance of survival of the fittest and stimulating competition, Dewey preferred a more community-based learning process involving problem solving that encourage cooperation. In a community where no man is an island and multiple resources needed for the thriving of humanity, it is only natural to feel that John Dewey’s ideal is better in line with humanity’s ideal of progression and as such will be more focused on in this research. A further understating of John Dewey philosophy will be look upon and the
In Charles Taylor’s Ethics of Authenticity, he talks all about the true meaning of being authentic and the flaws. In summary, his ethics of authenticity is to take on the project of creating yourself and to just generally have an open mind. If you don’t have an open mind you don't realize all the good things in the world you are missing out on. For example, if you receive education you would have an open mind towards learning about new things around the world. Lastly, the idea of self definition in dialogue is an important ethic of Charles’.
This can be illustrated by his internal process independent from external stimuli-the need in fulfilling self-actualization, that to maximize his potential in pursuing the goal of overcoming circumstantial limitations and entering university. Maslow (1943) stated that basic needs must be met before less basic ones are aroused. In Yu’s case, his belongingness and love, esteem and cognitive needs had been fulfilled by family support, teachers’ recognitions and knowledge gained through operant conditioning and other forms of learning previously, so he could proceed to the higher-level self-actualization
Education also shaped their future. Education give us ethical values that help us to expand our thoughts, invent new technologies and keep up with our evolution hence reasoning against illogical. I totally support that education is the way to build better future for all. We rose up from the dark due to education as a weapon to fight enemy of being ignorant, down dated, and unable to think
He argued schools exist to teach students ‘how to live a life.’ In this sense, Dewey emphasized education as a tool of not only teaching knowledge accumulated by the predecessors but also how to acknowledge one’s potential and maximize it to the fullest. This can be seen explicitly as he quotes “to prepare him for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have the full and ready use of all his capacities.” (Dewey, 1897, pp. 77-80) From this analysis, a deeper definition of education can be understood. Education not only covers studies but is a process where learners are enabled to realize who they are and use their potentials to the