Plato's Philosophy Of Education

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5.0 CONCLUSION

In all four educational philosophies there were differences that can be distinguished in terms of definition and the functions of education from the philosophers. According to Vivekananda knowledge in actually inherited and not from external sources; it is already in the human’s mind. Meanwhile, al-Farabi believes that education deals with the human soul and ensures that individuals are being prepared from early age to become beneficial member of society and achieve high level of perfection to reach goal which he was created. For Confucius, he believes that moral values in the main core for education and from it a good person can be educated to become better and virtues in establishing disciplined and stable society. As in Plato,
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When talking about how knowledge is acquired, Vivekananda stated that stimulus will cause knowledge to widen and multiply, but different from al-Farabi that stated knowledge can be acquired through particular period and culture. Confucius in the other hand focuses on moral values to cultivate persons with high quality and virtuous, while Plato stated that knowledge is transmitted (pass) through individuals. Upon reading this and looking thoroughly in our education core that was based on the NPE, all the education definitions and how it can acquired are already compacted in a simpler terms. In today’s teaching methodology, of course the teacher uses various stimulus, methods, approaches, methods and strategies as to develop the learners’ acquisition of knowledge. Furthermore, knowledge is possessed through a time period in culture and develops in stages (i.e. from primary one to six and from primary schooling to secondary schooling) and in the process, moral values will be incorporated. Most importantly, the knowledge acquired can be transmitted from one person to another, regardless of age and…show more content…
Education indicates the spontaneous growth of a man where he learns from discovery and perfect man (al insan al kamil) is a person that acquired knowledge, virtue and moral values. In Confucius beliefs of education is moral education helps each person to improve moral characters and behaviours in becoming virtuous and perhaps to prepare to get official position in the government to be a moral governor. For Plato, the acquiring of knowledge started from being blind (not knowing) into the light (knowing) and knowledge is actually gain through process and not just by declaring or putting it into minds. There were no right or wrong way in acquiring knowledge it is only the human ways of thinking on how to acquired knowledge and on what basis is the knowledge can be utilized more as to get the best
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