Plato's Republic Analysis

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To what extent could Plato’s Republic be or not be justifiably characterized as a closed and authoritarian society without freedom? To begin with, the absolute theoretical basis required for complete understanding of the question and the further speculation on it consists of two important books: “The Republic” by Plato, where the philosopher introduces his conception of an “ideal state” and “The Open Society and its Enemies” by Karl Popper, the summarizing and systematizing overview of the original text. Let us start by considering Plato`s theory of ideal state. The main goal of Plato`s ideal state is an achievement of common good and happiness through the implementation of Idea of justice. By Plato, justice can only exist if every person…show more content…
Closed society is a totalitarian autarchy based on the established set of constant and unquestionable rules. It does not interact with other states or enter into the trade relations with them, remaining economically and culturally independent. In the closed society, all the political power is accumulated in the hands of the certain group. Moreover, there are a very specific conditions for upbringing of the new members of that group, cultivating in them adherence to the ideology, while for the other groups access to education is under oppression and control. The fate and interests of the ruling group is compared with the fate and interests of the society in general. All the other groups of citizens do not have any opportunity to express their opinions and thoughts on governance, as well as to study sciences or to be engaged in any art activity. Only the mighty minority has the monopoly to use military power and violent coercion towards other citizens of society, who do not have right to…show more content…
Its complete independence from other states prevents globalization and adoption of some new economical, political and cultural patterns, retarding development not only of that but also neighboring countries. Furthermore, rigid censorship, the limitation of arts and science for citizens will lead to spiritual impoverishment and cultural degradation. In addition, lack of private property and family relations eliminates people`s motivation for what they do as their material security does not depends on quality of work. They become passive and amorphous, indifferent to what happens to them and irresponsible for anybody but
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