Socrates was charged with corrupting the youths of society. Forcing them to think differently, to question things, pushing his strange ideas upon them. This was the considered to be the main reason for his trial, but in truth the assembly just wanted to rid society of Socrates, he was considered a threat for Athenes. Thanks to his ideals, the youths of Athens realised how Athenian democracy was lacking and how weak it was. Socrates’s words “ To start of the trial, Socrates went on to say that he will deal with one accusation at a time, and immediately he pointed out one of the accusations, “be careful not to be deceived by an accomplished speaker like me” (The Apology.
The most important aspects discussed in the dialogues is the questioning of what is pious and impious, what it means to be wise, and good life. In the first dialogue, Euthyphro, Socrates questions what is the true meaning of piety, to reach a further understanding for his following trial. In which Euthyphro answers “what is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious” (TDS pg 7). Socrates uses the dialectic method to seek out the inconsistencies and contradictions in the statement. This is an important philosophy in the dialogue because Socrates then exposes the uncertainties of the argument, which is held by many other sophists, and men of the same stature.
In summary, Apologies of Plato was about Socrates going on trial because he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. In Xenophon, he quotes Socrates’ defense against the court, and he states his opinion and explanation of what Socrates is saying. The main difference between both contents are that Plato’s version is written from someone who physically present during the trial, versus Xenophon’s, which is written from word of mouth. This is noticeable on page 179, Xenophon says, “Hermogenes said that this was Socrates’ frame of mind
In Gorgias, Socrates argues that philosophy is about finding the truth, whereas rhetoric is merely flattery. “Rhetoric is the art of persuasive speaking or writing” (Oxford American Dictionary). Socrates was born near the end of the fourth century B.C. During Socrates's time in the fourth century, rhetoric was a highly regarded art. Plato, a student of Socrates, wrote Gorgias in 380 B.C.
Plato is the thinker or theorist who came with addressing who should rule in a political environment in what Plato outlined that only Philosophers should rule. This ideology will be addressed in the essay with substantiated reasons on why Plato thought that philosophers should rule. 1.1 DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS 2 PLATO BIOGRAPHY Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. Plato 's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history.
Socrates is under guard when Crito visits him, thus the plan to escape. He has been found guilty of trumped up charges, “corrupting the young and not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other new spiritual things.”(24b) Both Socrates and Crito, however, know that he is innocent. If he is innocent, escaping would be the first crime he committed and if he were captured, then it would be known that Socrates is guilty of his crimes. But, if he were in fact guilty, escaping from Athens would only add to his list of crimes. Under these unjust circumstances, Crito argues that Socrates has a duty to escape.
It is still used nowadays in law schools to describe some of the complex issues of the subject. We feel its influence probably in the scientific Method where the first step towards the proof is hypothesis. The Socrates Method is used to cut the problem in many questions and the answers to them gradually create good solutions. The leading force of this method should be curiosity both from the questioner and the questioned sides. This method simply
This was one major event, that had a profound impact on Plato life, due to the unjust ruling placed upon the Athenian people, by 403 B.C democracy was restored once again and Plato had an interest in politics, however, at 399 B.C Plato teacher Socrates was trailed and executed to death. Plato life events had an impactful disposition towards his career in philosophy. The Republic of Plato, by Allan Bloom translate Plato work and ultimately describes what were Plato’s thoughts on politics and offers a constructive review on ethics. Due to how extensive The Republic is, there is going to be selective choosing of dialogues in order to understand Plato political opinion. The republic begins with “Socrates: I went down to the Piraeus yesterday with Glaucon, son of Ariston, to pray to the goddess” the Piraeus was the port city of Athens where commerce was exchange, however the Piraeus was not a place of knowledge, because only Athenian citizens
Theaetetus, which dates from about 369 BC , is often considered Plato’s greatest work on epistemology, if not his greatest work on everything. Located at the gates of Megara, we can clearly observe as Terpsion and Eucleides listen to a slave as he presents Eucleides’ memoir from a time prior to the execution of Socrates through the consumption of hemlock.
The claim attributed to him by Plato that "an unexamined life is not worth living"… he inspired his followers to think for themselves instead of following the dictates of society and the accepted superstitions concerning the gods" (Mark 1). Do to Socrates' carefree lifestyle of no conformity, he was often accused of breaking laws and customs. Similarly, The Apology and Crito, speaks of Socrates experience with these accusations and how he believes persuasion is the most effective means of protest. The Apology is a dialogue written by Plato in 399 BC. The Apology features a speech presented by Socrates during his trial with the government.