Plato's Speech Of Defense

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This paper is written about Plato’s Apology. Plato was one of the most influential Greek philosophers in the 5th Century BC. The Apology is based on Plato’s version of Socrates speech of defence in 399 BC. The first aim of this paper is to give some insight as to what the apology is about. The second aim is to outline all the things Socrates says in his defence which to me were important in outlining the reasoning for his trial and which he uses in his defence. The third aim in this paper is to give my opinion on whether or not his approach and methods on how he handled his trial were appropriate. Socrates speech has definite structure. He first makes his speech of defence, then his speech in which he proposes an anterior penalty and last his speech to his jurors after his trial is over. Socrates has been accused of two things; corrupting the youth and Impiety but also of another. Socrates mentions early in his speech he addresses his first accusers who accused him a ‘wise man’ of speculating about what’s above and what’s below ground. His prosecutors said of him, ‘Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into things under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear the better cause; and he teaches the aforesaid doctrines to others’. Throughout his speech he defends himself against his first accusers first followed by his defence against his second accusers.

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