The Role Of Justice In Plato's The Republic

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Justice in opposite points of view Plato tries to describe what justice is in reality by the different characters ' points of view in his book “The Republic”. In “The Republic” the characters, such Socrates, Thrasymachus, Glaucon, Cephalus, Adeimantus, Polemarchus give their opinion about justice. The people in the Just city are divided into 3 groups: gold, silver and bronze that means ruler part, guardian part and labor part of citizens. Thrasymachus says that justice is the advantage of the stronger, but Socrates argues that justice is being honest and do own role in society. Firstly, the dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus starts with the question that justice is the interest of the stronger or not. For this Thrasymachus says: “…in all states there is the same principle of justice, which is the interest of the government; and as the government must be supposed to have power, the only reasonable conclusion is, that everywhere there is one principle of justice, which is the interest of the stronger.” (Plato, The Republic, book I, page 16) In this point, Socrates gets an idea that the government, the ruler or gold…show more content…
Socrates’s point of view compared the art with justice. “For every art remains pure and faultless while remaining true-- that is to say, while perfect and unimpaired (p.20).” “Then, I said, no science or art considers or enjoins the interest of the stronger or superior, but only the interest of the subject and weaker?” (p.21) If every person knows own art perfectly, no one will mistake, and it is a clear justice. Oppositely, not everyone is a master in one’s duty, and not everyone likes the place where he/she is. Socrates doesn’t answer to this question and doesn’t think. If every master does one’s duty perfectly, it is just relating to the subject in the art, but not for oneself. May be the person doing perfect work cannot get good

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