Throughout the history of America, blacks have continuously been perceived as inferior to whites. At first, due to the legality of slavery, blacks were not identified as people, but property. This was a regular practice until the passing of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments, which granted rights to black inhabitants of America. Hypothetically, these rights were to make newly freed slaves equal to their white cohabitants, but this wasn’t the case. Court cases, laws, and illicit practices, ensured that blacks would remain inferior to whites.
On the contrary, Du Bois only provided one view to how African Americans were being treated; Washington had a friendlier approach. This may be due to his fear of being lynched or placing African Americans in a harsher situation than they already were. Washington seemed more methodical—he was thinking about African Americans having the full rights of the 14th and 15th amendments. At the same, he was also concerned about the consequences of his speech, and if it angered the whites more than it relieved the situation they were all facing. Washington and Du Bois had every intention to improve the social and political status of African Americans, but they sought different plans to achieve such goals due to their different upbringings, values, and opinions.
Civil Rights in Education During the Civil Rights Movement, segregation affected African Americans the most. Segregation in school during this time was something that truly changes schools in the South. Schools shouldn’t have race restrictions. If schools only had a certain race in that school; the students wouldn’t learn different cultures. Once the students go out in the world, they’ll most likely be marked as “racist” due to the lack of diversity into their school.
Exposing students to the real Whitewashing of American history impacts the lives of minorities and Native Americans. “Samantha Manchac is concerned about the new materials.” (lsensee 2015). History books aren’t showing the reality of things to students. History books want to hide what white people did to Africans, Native Americans and other ethnicities. “It’s an attempt to whitewash history.” (Isensee 2015).
The Supreme Court said that the 14th Amendment’s purpose was “to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law…Laws…requiring their separation…do not necessarily imply the inferiority of either race.” Furthermore, the Supreme Court stated that “assumption that the enforced separation of the two races stamps the coloured race with a badge of inferiority. If this be so, it is… solely because the coloured race chooses to put that construction upon it.” Injustices like these towards America’s black citizens were very common at the time, though not all of them reached the Supreme Court. This case allowed for legal “separate but equal” facilities, which seem to be two entirely juxtaposed concepts. It was not until the ‘Brown versus Board’ case, in 1954, more than half a century later, that this provision was reversed. It was Oliver Brown who addressed the inequality of segregation, especially concerning the “equal” treatment of black schools, as they were clearly being neglected by most states.
This notion has been patented by African Americans deteriorated morals from segregation, segregation of races in their residences, and the lack of integration in public schools. With society accepting the segregation that occurs in the classroom it is no wonder individuals believe division in schools makes sense. With a country constantly making mistakes in regards to their educational system it is clear intervention should be implemented. The United States of America’s mantra is equality for all, however, African Americans do not have equality in their classrooms, surrounded by peers of the same race and neighborhood. Separate is not equal and it is the obligation of members of society to enforce this notion, allowing Brown vs Board of Education to serve its true purpose, which is African American and white students learning in the classroom as
In both documents Brown vs Board of Education and Appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage arguments were made on what rights African Americans deserve. These documents are in different time periods but they both address the same issues. Except one is about the education of the African Americans and the other one is more broad and is about the rights that the Africans Americans deserve to get because they are apart of the American population. Brown vs. Board was significant in diminishing the "separate but equal" doctrine. It was a court case that took place in 1954 and discussed that African Americans should have the right to an education and they should not be segregated.
Rosa Parks The Civil Right Movement was the African-American way of fighting for equality to the whites and it was supposed to be a nonviolent way to protest. Khan academy stated that “After the Civil War, during the period known as Reconstruction, the passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments established a legal foundation for the political equality of African Americans. Despite the abolition of slavery and legal gains for African Americans, racial segregation known as Jim Crow arose in the South”. Jim Crow law meant that African American could not be at the same place as the white people. Even after slavery was over people of colored were still being treated unequal to the white people, they did not have the same benefits and rights that the white people had.
During the Civil Rights Movement, court cases made people realized that they should be equal and have the say rights regardless of their race or social class: Loving v. Virginia, Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education and Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. In addition to being mistreated, laws were created to prohibit interracial marriage. In 1967 people believed that it was "preserving 'racial integrity '" (Loving v. Virginia). Many people were called ignorant for thinking about the situation differently. The Equal Protection Law was violated because
They didn’t want them to be killed for getting an education in an all-white school. You would be sent to jail if you went into a segregated area that was not your own. They were really brave for going into that school knowing that so many people were against it. Now racism still exists but it is different. There are now laws set up to protect minorities from discrimination.