(www.harcourtschool.com). In 59 BC, Caesar was elected consul, the highest office of Rome and shortly after that he was made Governor of Gaul and was in charge of its military. Julius Caesar wanted to conquer the rest of Gaul that Rome did not rule. The triumvirate was falling apart because Crassus died in battle and Pompey was jealous of Caesars victories in Gaul. Pompey joined with Caesar’s enemies in the senate and told Caesar he needed to give up his army.
The adopted son of the great Julius Caesar, Gaius Octavius born in 23rd of September 63 BC and reigned from 27 BC-14 AD. Although he never claimed the title of an emperor, he was in fact the first emperor of Rome. The process taken by Gaius Octavius to become Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus and the sequence of events that led to Octavian eliminating his potential threats to his succession was a significant historical figures. Event that was taken by Gaius Octavianus in order for his succession of becoming Augustus was through Eliminating political parties through war and through proscription, Avenging Caesars death(second triumvirate vs Cassius and Brutus) and the battle of Actium in which will be furtherly discussed.
Julius Caesar would spend the next seven years waging war against the Gauls. One of the first battles that Caesar engaged in during the Gallic War was against the Helvetti tribe. The Helvetti were a powerful tribe who lived in-between the Alps and the Jura Mountains, and it wasn’t until they decided to abandon their position and try to relocate to another location did Caesar take notice. Fearing that their relocation could potentially destabilize and disrupt Roman trade, Caesar acted to swiftly stop the Helvetti in their tracks and drive them back into the
He then became the dictator of the Roman Empire which carried on for the short span of a year before his unexpected death. However, he accomplished many duties and responsibilities by the young age of 31. The cause of Julius Caesar’s death was by assassination by his enemies. Caesar might have died but shortly after his death he became the scapegoat in the new Roman Empire. A clan of lower and bourgeois Romans huddled at Caesar’s funeral with the furious crowd ambushing and besieging the homes of Cassius and Brutus, the culprits who murdered Julius.
As more and more battles were won, it led to the birth of the Roman fleet. The First Punic War began in 264 B.C. Messana was in need of support to fight. The people turned to both the Carthagians and the Romans for help. Carthage already had control over Africa, parts of Spain, most of Sicily, and the islands of the Sardinian and Tyrrhenian Sea.
Herodotus begins by describing the reasons for Darius invading Scythians. The Scythians, a century ago, invaded Media and defeated those who stood against them, thus starting the conflict with Persians. For the next twenty-eight years, they lorded the Upper Asia before returning home, only to discover a small army opposing their entrance (Herodotus, P.129) While the Scythians men were abroad, the women had intermarried with their slaves. Instead of fighting with the slaves, the military walked boldly into their territory because they thought that if they hold spears against their slaves, then the slaves might imagine themselves their equals.
Back ground of Julius Caesar Its estimated that Julius Caesar was born in Rome on July 12 or 13 100 BC. When Caesar was 16 years old his father Gaius Caesar died, he was now the head of the family and he remained close to his mother. Aurelia and decided to make an effect to side with the country nobility. In 84 BC Caesar married his first wife Cornelia, the daughter of a nobleman.
"The Deeds of the Divine Augustus" was written in AD 14 by the ancient Roman Emperor Augustus. It was an autobiographical piece of literary work that lists the various deeds that Augustus performed throughout his reign as Emperor, but it was merely written so that the people of Rome would remember Augustus as a great leader who went out of his way in order to create a better society for Rome. Within the text Augustus utilizes the first person singular in which "I" mostly occurs at the beginning of every paragraph. He is making a clear analysis of his own accomplishments ranging from, raising an army, waged war, spared citizens, and first rejected an oppurtunity at dictatorship (paragraphs 1,3,5). Although it may seem that Augustus
Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, better know as Quintilian today, is know as one of the greatest teacher’s of rhetoric from the roman time. In 35 CE, Quintilian was born in Calagurris in the Roman Province of Hispania Tarraconensis, the region we call Spain today. Not much is known of Quintilian’s youth, but around 50 CE his father, who was also a rhetorician, sent him to Rome for education. When in Rome, Quintilian studied under Remmius Palaemon for grammar and Domitius Afer for rhetoric.
The name Romulus Augustus references both the first king and the first emperor of Rome, who were beloved in the eyes of their subjects, and with a monumental name to live up to, it was unfeasible for Romulus Augustus to triumph in the Romans's eyes. Romulus Augustus's one year reign was extraordinarily underwhelming and lacking in any tremendous discoveries or conquests, and much of it was not recorded by historians. As one reflects back on the past Roman leaders, it is clear to see Romulus Augustus, although he indubitably affected Rome in its destruction, had no colossal achievement to put his family into a permanent place of nobility as his father had once outlined. Romulus was born in 463 AD and was the son of Orestes, a major general of the Roman army. Orestes was an assistant to Attila the Hun, but once he died Orestes joined the western army and climbed to a high position.
From the moment he was born in late July, 357 B.C., Alexander the Great was destined to make his mark on history. The son of Philip II, king of Macedonia, and his princess wife Olympias, Alexander was practically born to be a leader. As the young prince grew, those around him came to realize he would someday be known far beyond the reaches of Macedonia, as evidenced in a famed interaction between Philip II and his son, in which Philip tells Alexander, "O my son, find yourself a kingdom equal to and worthy of your ambitions, for Macedonia is too little for you." At the age of 20, Alexander was chosen to rule Macedonia following the assassination of his father.
Plutarch actually has Alexander weep for the opposite reason, writing: “Alexander wept when he heard Anaxarchus discourse about an infinite number of worlds, and when his friends inquired what ailed him, ‘Is it not worthy of tears’, he said, ‘that, when the number of worlds is infinite, we have not yet become lords of a single one?'”. The misattributed quote passed into popular culture after appearing in Robert Hayman’s 1628 Quodlibets as “Great Alexander wept, and made sad mone, because there was but one world to be wonne.”. It is seemingly as a confusion between quotes attributed to Julius Caesar about Alexander and quotes attributed to Alexander