2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 Phytochemical evaluation of Enicostemma littorale Blume 184.108.40.206 PHYTOCHEMISTRY Phytochemistry is concerned mainly with a wide variety of secondary metabolites which is biosynthesized by plants. The plant kingdom represents a broad spectrum of treasure house of bioactive compounds. A best medicine is the sum of their active constituents. The beneficial therapeutic and physiological effects of a plant depend on the combination of secondary metabolites present in the plant. The phytochemical properties of plant compounds are verified with the traditional uses of the plants.
CHAPTER 2 Review of Related Literature and Studies This chapter included the necessary information both local and foreign literature and studies of Dermal Irritation Test of Formulated Antimicrobial Cream from Rhizome (Zingiber Officinale, Zingiberaceae) against Acne-Causing Bacteria. In many preparations, ginger has been used not only because of its medicinal value but it is also used as an adjunct, to that it acts as a flavoring agent or preservatives. Ginger does not only possess pharmacological importance in medicines but is also used as pharmaceutical aid. It was found out in a study conducted in Japan that ginger contains at least 12 constituents that are as such more powerful as antioxidant than Vitamin E. It has also been proven that
TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PROPERTIES Phaseolus vulgaris (Linn) seeds have an important place in the folk medicine of the world and in the traditions of many cultures because of their pharmacotherapeutic effects. Kidney beans have been used as a medicinal tonic since ancient times. It was used in homeopathy as diuretic for bladder ailments, gout, renitis, rheumatism and reduced blood sugar level. Seeds were used to treat leukemia (Duke and Ayensu 1985). Its herbal tea combinations were used for kidney and bladder problems.
It will be really a mentholated topical anesthesia cream which need been utilized on the chest, once again Also throat to hack concealment which seems due to those normal cool alternately once muscles What 's more joints for minor aches Also torments to quite a while. It may be those The greater part regularly utilized over-the-counter decongestant, At Vicks VapoRub might a chance to be likewise utilized clinched alongside a considerable measure about distinctive approaches. Here need aid 20 splendid approaches to utilize Vicks VapoRub:. Sinus migraines. Place some Vicks under your nose Also breathe in profoundly in place with mitigate your sinus migraines.
15 Amazing benefits of Chamomile oil for skin health and hair Chamomile oil is extracted from Chamomile flowers which have medicinal properties which can be attributed as an antispasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, antidepressant, antineuralgic, analgesic, and sedative and many more. There are 2 different types of chamomile oil such as Roman and German which have similar and possess certain medicinal properties. German chamomile is used to support the body’s natural response to irritation and injury. This oil contains chamazulene, a compound studied for its ability to help the body’s natural inflammatory response. Roman chamomile has a warm, sweet, herbaceous scent which is relaxing and calming for mind and body.
Water-soluble phycocyanin, carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant enzymes, like superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase have valuable antioxidant properties (Sami esmail,Olivera 2009). Over the last few years, pharmacological properties are reported for SP, which exhibits antiviral, anti-bacterial, anti-platelet, anti-cardiotoxic, hypocholesterolemic, anti-nephrotoxic, and anti-hepatoxic effects. Moreover, the SP is introduced as a beneficial agent to prevent cataracts, acute allergic rhinitis, cerebral ischemia, vascular reactivity cadmium, arsenic toxicities and experimental Parkinson’s (Chamorro). Cyanobacteria contain various types of pigments like chlorophyll, carotenoids, xanthophylls and phycobiliproteins (Benelhaj, Fransin). Phycocyanin is the main pigment produced by cyanobacterium and acts as a photoreceptor for photosynthesis in Spirulina microalgae.
The ancient Egyptian papyrus Smith recommended salt for the treatment of an infected chest wound. The belief was that salt would dry out and disinfect the wound. salt was well known to the ancient Greeks. The healing methods of Hippocrates (460 BC) especially made frequent use of salt. A mixture of salt and honey was applied topically to clean bad ulcers and salt-water was used externally against skin diseases and freckles.
Medicinal plants are mostly used in health care products in folk medicine. These are also used as the raw material for the pharmaceutical industry to get the fixed oils, essential oils, gums, tannins, resins, and active components like glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids. They are also use to get culinary spices, natural cosmetics and also used in perfumes. Despite the various climatic zones and floral diversity, Pakistan is ranked 11thin the Food Security Risk Index (Munir and Ejaz, 2010). An alarming situation is presented by the National Nutrition
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTI BACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF STEM OF GARDENIA ULIGINOSA G. Sandhyarani1*, K. Praveen Kumar2 Post doctoral fellow .ucpsc,Kakatiya university,Hanamkonda, Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org Ph no.8897474898 ABSTRACT In the Indian system of medicine Gardenia uliginosa is a potent medicinal plant. Gardenia uliginosa were studied for their Anti bacterial activity againstCandida albicans in the present study the aquous ,ethnolic,chloroform and petroleum ether extract of the.It was observed that the ethnolic extract and petroleum ether extract showed significant activity whare as aquoes extractshowed very less activity did not showed any activity against the tested fungal strain. Key words:
Alpinia galanga Willd. (greater galangal) and Alpinia calcarata Rosc. (lesser galangal) are the important species of genus Alpinia belonging to Zingiberaceae family and found in parts of India and throughout Southeast Asia. The rhizomes have been used as flavours in native dishes and ingredients in many traditional medicines to treat various ailments such as rheumatism, headache, sore throat, chest pain, skin diseases and stomach disorders. Germplasm of A. galanga and A. calcarata collected from different parts of South India was studied for essential oil content and composition.