Police Brutality and Racial Profiling This paper will aim to show how racial imbalance continues to play a central role in police brutality in the United States. Minorities have alleged human rights violations by police more often than white residents. To prove this I will be discussing how African Americans are more likely to be stopped out of unjustifiable suspicion by analyzing a study of 1.3 million stops made over 12 years by the Charlotte- Mecklenburg Police Department. This leads to confrontations and the outcome is frisks, searches and tickets which could have been avoided. When minorities do not cooperate out of their anger from being victimized, the police do not respond well and end up using excessive force. They are getting disproportionally …show more content…
Events that took place like the enslavement of Black people have society believing that since it is a part of the country’s history, it can continue to shape social relations today. The problem is no one acknowledges the racial inequality for the reason that it is seen as a normative. Studies show that even 5 in 10 white Americans acknowledge the racial imbalance of our system (Hill 2015). However not many speak out on it because racism is so deeply rooted into society. After many of these police shootings, researchers concluded that when white police officers approach black men out of suspicion based on their biased opinion, they are not approaching these men from a place of intentional racism or differential treatment. They may genuinely aim to to treat everyone the same. However, since the psychology of racism is deeply embedded within all our minds, police officers read people of colour as criminals without knowing they are. When looking at police brutality and race cases, it is often impossible to know the police officer had racial intentions for sure. Regardless, the actions they decided to take are borne out of racism. When these fatal shootings emerge in courts where white police officers are charged with shooting unarmed African Americans, these officers are often freed under the pressure of white supremacy. The fear …show more content…
The study about police stops that was conducted by Frank Baumgartner thoroughly showed how real discrimination is. Traffic stops should be completely fair and police officers should have a reason for why they demand a search and not use their biased opinion about a black driver passing by. However, this is not the case and that is a problem. Stopping black drivers randomly upsets them and creates frisks that could have been ignored if police officers simply did not target the black community. Frisks unfortunately lead to the use of force and police officers are proven to use force more than twice as often against black drivers and passengers as whites (Gordon 2015). Case such as the murder of Michael Brown gives communities further reason to be afraid of police. Young black men were nine times more likely than other Americans to be killed by police officers last year and a final tally of 1,134 deaths at the hands of law enforcement officers has been recorded for this year already (Swaine 2016). When multiple incidents of police misconduct and use of more than necessary force that results in the death of an innocent victim, society being anti-cop is understandable. The notion of innocent until proven guilty is what society believes in and when that is unclear in these cases it is hard to put trust into
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We live in a society where ethnic minorities are target for every minimal action and/or crimes, which is a cause to be sentenced up to 50 years in jail. African Americans and Latinos are the ethnic minorities with highest policing crimes. In chapter two of Michelle Alexander’s book, The Lockdown, we are exposed to the different “crimes” that affects African American and Latino minorities. The criminal justice system is a topic discussed in this chapter that argues the inequality that people of color as well as other Americans are exposed to not knowing their rights. Incarceration rates, unreasonable suspicions, and pre-texts used by officers are things that play a huge role in encountering the criminal justice system, which affects the way
Intro According to USA Today, on average there were 96 cases of a white police officer killing a black person each year between 2006 and 2012(citation). Some might argue that because these victims were black, police officers targeted them. Americans need to dismiss from their minds that race is a determining factor of violence or threats. The media is the main catalyst for implanting race as an issue in Americans minds. The news media is solely responsible for blacks thinking that they are targeted by white police officers.
As police brutality against African Americans is increasing, it is very much reminding us of the civil rights movement. Black leaders risked their lives to ensure that all African Americans would live an equal life as white Americans. The racism and discrimination had been unapparent until recent events such as Donald Trump’s campaign being successful and the police brutality against African Americans. “Every 7 hours cops kill an American citizen”. Many times African Americans are targeted.
Harris article “The stories, the statistics, and the law: Why "driving while black" matters” correlates with Wilkins and Williams article in the essence that it’s addressing the reason police departments need to understand the underlying issues that stand in the way of learning and changing. In this study, Harris (2009) found that “racially biased pretextual traffic stops have a strong and immediate impact on the individual African-American drivers involved” (pg. 288). The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires specifies guidelines to be met to procure a warrant for a search (Harris, 2009). The amendment does not suggest whose rights would be vindicated by addressing these police practices. The great majority of black people experiencing this type of abuse and humiliation, only crime they committed was being black.
According to “The Washington Post”, Last year 963 African Americans were shot and killed by police. Ever since the 1960s Africans has been fighting for equality; in the Eric Garner case and Michael Brown, it demonstrated how White police officers abuse and misuse their power towards African Americans. Since the increase of police brutality communities has had marches, rallies, and even the Black Lives Matters movements as a response to show that Polices’ abuse of power is unacceptable. The Black Lives Matter movement was created after radical discrimination it is a political movement to inform and protect Black Lives. (Wesley Lowery.
According to some charts mainly African American, latino and other minority races are the most common to be stopped by officers because of stereotypes. The Constitution, through the fourth amendment, protects people from unreasonable search and seizure by the
Police relations among black and poor communities are an extremely hot topic in America today. According to the ADL black men between the ages of 17 and 25 are killed at a rate 65 percent higher than any other group in this country; and while some lawmakers, politicians and media pundits agree that racial bias is prevalent in the criminal justice system very few will admit that the discrimination or bias is explicit or intentional. The conversation is uncomfortable for some, stirs up emotions from the past for others and for some it 's as plain and simple as the “police put their lives on the line so we should never question or criticize their motives”. But when a white teen can commit and identical crime or worse than a minority teen and be privileged enough to have his parents called and the minority child ends up dead Americans have to take the blinders off and have this debate. What’s even more troubling is that even when the police have clearly violated their own agency’s policies, the constitution or other laws they are not held accountable for their actions; thus giving them a license to kill a certain group of people.
Racial profiling has had great effects on African American communities all over the US. Victims of racial profiling incidents and people who have witnessed have begun to fear and hate the police when they should be trusting that they are there to keep them safe. Many incidents have occured in the US where unarmed black individuals have been brutally killed by the hands of white police or have been pulled over when driving because they have commited the crime of “driving while black”, which in today's world has become something that African Americans have to fear because of the likeliness of them being pulled over by police, because of their racial bias towards them. “Driving while black” is something that black families tell their kids to be careful of at a young age because of their own experiences with police. In between 2007-2010, people of colored skin accounted for 75 percent of the people stopped by Boston police and 65 percent of them were black in a city whose population was made up of 25 percent African Americans at that time.
When it comes to racial profiling by the police in the criminal justice system, African Americans are more often racially profiled than any other race in America today. This has become a problem because not ever black individual is a criminal and not every criminal is black. Therefore, there needs to be some sort of resolution to this epidemic. “By analyzing data from 4.5 million traffic stops in 100 North Carolina cities, Stanford researchers have found that police in that state are more likely to search black and Hispanic motorists, using a lower threshold of suspicion, than when they stop white or Asian drivers” (Andrews, E., 2016).
Racial profiling has always been an issue in the United States, although we as a society tend to ignore it, it is still occurring around us everyday. Data has proven that racial profiling is an issue, it shows that, “Racial profiling is real. Disparate treatment of black and brown men by police officers is real. Grotesquely disproportionate numbers of killings of black men by the police are real” (Blow). Blacks are the number one race that is being killed by police officers; the numbers of the killings are drastically high.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
However, research demonstrates that often times men of color are treated harshly which leads to negative perceptions of police officers. Police brutality is a crime that is has been surfacing in the news recently. Some people are just starting to realize that these injustices against the black community really occur, while others are well aware. The recent shootings, different run-ins with officers being filmed while doing such harmful actions against African American men is an example of police brutality and, that reminds us that as a society work needs to be done to improve police and community relations. A black male cannot even walk down the street on a cold night because he might be a suspect from something or he may be of danger to the people around.
An occurrence observed by the population of Los Angeles, California conveys the existence of racism and police brutality. According to The Polls-Trends: Racial Differences in Attitudes Toward the Police, “…three quarters of blacks, but only 38 percent of whites, continued to view police brutality as a common occurrence” (Tuch and Weitzer
Sure, there are surveys and statistics all over the internet, are these really true? “Not so fast” says the Manhattan Institute, “the charge is police have ‘too many’ interactions with minorities, but this leaves the questions’ too many’ compared to what”? This is exactly the problem we are facing against the opposing opinion. An officer only does a “stop and frisk” if they see something that looks suspicious. This also leads an officer to suspicion by behavioral tensions such as nervousness, threatening behavior, and of course absence of license plate.
Many police officers believe blacks are more violent than other races, and this image has been reflected in media quite often. These stereotypes are rooted in the sordid history of enslavement, genocide, and segregation. Although, stereotypes are not entirely the problem that encourages police brutality. Rampant discrimination and disparate treatment of certain minorities in the judicial