The profession of law enforcement and police work is stressful where “officers face multiple threats to their safety and wellbeing” (Mumford, Taylor, & Kubu, 2015, p. 111). Some officers advance through their careers without drawing their gun or experiencing and physical or traumatic stress. However, all police officers experience occupational and work-related stress with minimal physical or traumatic stress. This leads to consider that “even in this healthy population, occupational stress played a significant role in the development of MetS and its components” (Garbarino & Magnavita, 2015, p. 10) reinforcing the association between stress and illness, and sustaining the need for mental health and psychological intervention for officers in crisis, regardless of how inconsequential the crisis may appear. A police officer in distress presents a risk to himself or herself and is a liability for the employing agency, and most importantly, a risk to the safety of others (Garbarino & Magnavita, 2015; Marshall, 2006).
Laws are created to establish a sense of order in any civil society, however how far will we go to make sure these laws are enforced? Police militarization is a silent but growing concern in our nation as officers around the country receive new and unnecessary equipment to combat crime. Although it can be considered a good attribute for our officers to have new equipment such as upgraded weapons and armor, materials such as tanks are not needed in a suburban neighborhood. the police mindset has changed to that of a soldier fighting a war and trying to survive in a domestic war. Furthermore crowd control today in modern day society makes our officers appear as oppressive tyrants rather than our everyday protectors.
This is done through team policing which officially started in 1970 after the realization that the policies of the police department could not work better unless the community was involved (Carter, Phillips, & Gayadeen, 2014). The police were separated from the community and regarded as enemies to the general public. This made crime control completely problematic. The police needed to work cohesively with the community in order to eliminate further occurrences of crime, so officers were placed in different areas of the community in order to study the behavior of the citizens in society (Myhill & Bradford,
Police subculture has many elements that define the law enforcement culture and is a common denominator around the globe. "The sense of being different from civilians and the knowledge that a police officer can depend only upon other officers in a moment of need fosters a sense of security and occupational solidarity known as the police subculture", (Doerner, 2016, p. 171).The police subculture is police officers supporting others within their department or other agencies as every law enforcement officer has the same mission, just different tactics, and uniforms. According to Introduction to Law Enforcement, secrecy is the single most important element in police subculture as trust is always and will always be critical in this culture (Doerner,
Has the news influenced people to think a certain way about police officers? In the past two years news headlines talk about a topic called police brutality. People nowadays see police more of a threat than help. This is because many police officers have been charged with assault and murder, which is what is known as police brutality. When people think of police brutality they think of a officers attacking a civilian for no reason.
Police corruption is not something that is frequently talked about, and there are definitely very few films about the subject. One such film is Serpico, which is based off of the life of NYPD Officer Frank Serpico. The movie shows the issues of police corruption, and how the police subculture works to keep it covered. The police subculture is a very complicated and closed thing. On page 162 of the textbook, police subculture is defined as “a combination of shared norms, values, goals, career patterns, lifestyles, and occupational structures that is somewhat different from the combination held by the rest of society.” Police work is very dangerous by nature, and can make the officers feel separated from the rest of society.
According a study conducted by Chaney and Robertson, American’s attitudes about police officers have changed dramatically in the past ten years. Their study, which appeared in The Journal of African American Studies, suggests that instead of feeling safe and protected by police, many citizens actually feel animosity towards police officers, and are mistrustful and suspicious towards them (Chaney and Robertson 480). This situation seems almost impossible to rectify, especially since law enforcement is given the authority and the privilege to use force not only by the law, but also by society. In order to allow law enforcement officers this power, the public must completely trust those who are protecting them, and must believe that police are using force responsibly and ethically. People naturally assume that the police are well-trained to use force appropriately and fairly without prejudices.
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to identify the main sources of stress for law enforcement professionals and the effects that these stressors may have. In researching several studies that have been done, on the topic of police stress in recent years, three main categories of stress and several physiological and psychological health consequences were found to be prevalent in policing. Stressors faced by police officers can be either intra-interpersonal, occupational, or organizational. Law enforcement professionals are more likely to have poor health and be at higher risk of a cardiovascular event than the general population. The effects of the various stressors also may carry over into the personal lives of police officers.
Police Officers are a big and small part of the community whether you see them or not. Police Officers patrol various parts of the cities or towns they are in, but I decided to watch them where ever I could over spring break. I kept a journal in my car and sat at various places I knew police officers in Sapulpa would like to go, and I also took note of previous experiences and encounters with the police. I did not interview or survey any police officers in my research. I decided to observe Police Officers because their views on police brutality would have extreme bias.