Racial Profiling is probably one of the most controversial debates in law enforcement. The point of this paper is to bring to the attention of the public about why racial profiling is morally wrong. For years this has been a big problem. It seems like nowadays law enforcers assume that people of different race are more likely to commit crimes due to stereotypical assumptions.
Law enforcement has exposed minorities to discriminatory treatment and has many times physically abused minorities. Mistreatment is not always physical but sometimes non-violent harassment and humiliating. Police have been known to detain drivers for driving in certain areas or for driving a specific type of vehicle. The problem with racial profiling against minorities is that it creates distrust between racial minority communities and the police. The intensity and frequency of these complaints reveal a serious
Racial profiling remains to not be beneficial to the community but also detrimental. In today’s society the act of profiling a race is very prevalent and remains to cause issues in the criminal justice system and therefore the nation. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) defines racial profiling as “a practice that targets people for suspicion of a crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or national origin.” Racial profiling has also raised concerns over the protection of a person’s civil rights, which make it illegal to discriminate on the basis of a person’s race, color, religion, and national origin. When the violation of these rights occurs upheaval among the community arises.
Introduction and thesis: The topic chosen for this essay concerns the relationship between racial profiling and sentencing. It is relevant to the course material because it concerns the ways someone is treated depending on his or her ethnic origins, and it makes it an interesting sociological and criminological phenomena. This is the reason why I chose to write on this topic, and because I find it an important issue in our society. This essay will demonstrates that visible minorities are more likely to be subjects to harsher sentencing than the majority, and more than them. Literature review: Our society is made of a majority and minorities, and it allows diversity.
Law enforcement agencies. The Government. Their job is to protect our country from any evil and keep us safe. Criminals are a big issue in our lives today, and law enforcement officers are trying to capture every single one of them. But, how are they going to stop these criminals when police officers are putting lives in danger? Racial profiling is practice by law enforcements officers by targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on their race, ethnicity, religion or nationality. Although racial profiling may seem as a good technique, law enforcement officers are violating laws and endangering lives when affected. Racial profiling should not be accepted as law enforcement practice because it severely hampers citizen’s civil liberties, is unconstitutional, and has an effect on victims’ lives.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
In conclusion, the idea of racial profiling and the issues on racism in today’s society calls attention to sustain peace and ethnic equality within communities all across the nation and around the world. It is important to acknowledge that the main solution to change the issues on racial profiling and racism is among the duties of government authorities, law enforcement officials, and the people of a nation. Everyone, of any race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, or authority needs to understand that our voices and actions are capable of fixing the issues of racial injustice into a more fair environment to all people of color. Therefore, it is up to our knowledge and actions to help people understand that the solution to obtain racial equality
Assurance in equal justice remains as an overwhelming political principle of American culture. Yet withstanding unbelief exists among numerous racial and ethnic minorities. Their doubt comes as no surprise, given a past filled with differential treatment in the arrangement of criminal equity, an issue particularly clear in police misconduct. Researchers have investigated police responses to racial and ethnic minorities for quite some time, offering sufficient confirmation of minority burden on account of police. These examinations raise doubt about different police techniques of coercive control, maybe none more so than police brutality.
Racial profiling by law enforcement is an overwhelmingly useless and prevalent expression of hate and ignorance to this day. Internationally, a wide variation of races are unrightfully discriminated against by the enforcements who are supposedly there to protect them. Jim Crow policing is an issue that undoubtedly continues, no matter the amount of riots or unjustly arrested/ murdered civilians. Cases like Trayvon Martin, and Mike Brown, as well as Bob Herbert 's article Jim Crow Policing published in the New York Times, February 2nd 2010, explain first hand accounts and statistics to give examples of the fact that racial profiling from the police force consistently takes place.
In his essay “Arrested Development: The Conservative Case Against Racial Profiling” published in the New Republic on September 10, 2001, professor James Forman Jr. illustrates his disagreement with racial profiling. Forman Jr. is a professor at Yale Law School. He teaches Constitutional Law and seminars on race and the criminal justice system. In his piece, Forman primary goal is to create understanding about the effectiveness of racial profiling and how this affects the black community especially youths. Forman achieves this by appealing to a liberal audience.
This is a way for the public to differentiate whether police are just doing their job to protect and serve or if their stop was racially motivated. This solution could be executed by states taking the initiative to pass bills to enable a practice such as this one. One solution that can be beneficial to minorities and law enforcement agencies as well is the implementation of classes that display the basis of accurate policing. Such classes could steer future police officers away from the practice of racial profiling and hopefully eliminate any racial bias and stereotypes that may be instilled within them. If higher powers in states such as mayors and police chiefs step up and make these type of classes and workshops mandatory for all police forces, the issue of racial profiling will be one step closer to being completely
Only one officer is charged for every one thousand people killed (“5 Facts”). People would think, a murder is a murder, therefore all cops should be charged just like any civilian would be charged. There has been many cases here in the United States, where a white police officer shoots and kills a minority, but never gets charged with it. Knowing police officers never get charged or into trouble, minorities start feeling police officers will do what they want since they know they will not get into trouble. This starts making people feel law enforcement is racist and unfair, making minorities not be able to trust them. As our law enforcement, people would think they should be able to trust them, but that is not always the case. Law enforcement treats minorities differently than whites making minorities feel the tension when they encounter each other, studies and polls show the evidence, and black cops working in law enforcement can see how white cops treat them.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, departments that serve less than 2,500 people are 84.4% white and departments that serve millions are 53.4% white (as cited in Fifield, 2016). Notably, Over the years, a lack of diversity within law enforcement has become a pertinent issue. Notably, the underrepresentation of minorities within law enforcement influences the relationship between communities and law enforcement by engendering distrust with law enforcement. To say nothing of, underrepresentation of minorities have had many people question whether departments mirror a diverse community. Nevertheless, with that being said, underrepresentation of minorities have generated tension and distrust between communities and law enforcement and many believe that police department need to mirror the race composition within their cities. Although some people may challenge that diversifying police officers will not make a difference in the relationship with communities, police departments mirroring the diversity of communities may mend tension.
The topic for this research proposal project is on community policing, and the factors that are involved in determining if relationships between law enforcement and citizens in these neighborhoods are strained. In order to be successful, community policing must be built on trust, as both civilians and law enforcement must work hand in hand to protect their communities. If there is a lack of trust, then these programs becomes broken, and can therefore lead to other violence and criminal acts.