Police Stress Literature Review

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Introduction to the Chapter:
The major concern of this research paper was to investigate the gender-wise, rank-wise and district-wise differences in job stress in police personnel in Kashmir valley. Inter-district differences in job stress in male and female police inspectors and police constables were also explored. Lastly, it also aimed at examining the effects of the level of job stress and gender on emotional states, psychological well-being, and psychological flourishing in police personnel.
In this section, an effort has been made to put forth a review of the related and relevant literature available on the researches done on the variables of job stress, emotional states, psychological well-being, and psychological flourishing in police personnel. In order to present a standard review, evidence-based literature was collected from different resources including scholarly articles, reference books, news papers, and several indexed online journals.
For the sake of convenience, the literature review has been divided into the following sections:
• Job Stress
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(2005) evaluated the experience of work-related stress across a large number of different occupations. These authors discussed three stress related variables (psychological well‐being, physical health and job satisfaction) and thereafter draw comparisons between as many as 26 different occupations on each of these three measures. They used a short stress evaluation tool to gather the information on different work related stressors and stress outcomes from the employees working within the UK. They found that six occupations (ambulance workers, teachers, social services, customer services – call centres, prison officers and police) were reported worse than average scores on following three factors: physical health, psychological well‐being and job satisfaction. Moreover, the authors stated that the potential causal factor is the high emotional labour which is associated with the high stress
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