Policing has been around a long time, ever since the 19th century to be more specific. In that span of time between the 19th century and today, policing has gone through many changes, to lead us to the state of policing we are in today, which is now a complete 180 from how it used to be. Way back when the first settlers came to America, communities actually policed themselves. They believed that this was the most effective way to uphold the law, or whatever they called it back then. They had many ways to keep people in line such as public disapproval, shunning, and even public humiliation. Each method worked pretty well in their own way. In the colonial era people relied on each other to maintain order. It was more common and more helpful for
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The 1930s to the 1980s is referred to as the Reform Era of policing. Why? -The time period ranging from the 1930s to 1980s was referred to as the Reform Era of policing due to the drastic transition present in this period from political policing to a truer form of crime fighting policing. What reforms were made?
Last semester, I enrolled in the Organized Crime course here at St. John’s University and the professor was an active member of the New York Police Department. He taught us that a key factor to policing is maintaining a presence. Throughout the class he mentioned an area in Staten Island that is ravished with drug use, and how increased and noticeable police presence in the area allowing the drug users and sellers to know they are “on the spot”. An increased police presence benefits the safety and reassurance of the residents as well as allows for deterrence and accountability for the criminals. As far as stop-and-frisk it has since been deemed unconstitutional since the publication of this article.
READING RESPONSE TEMPLATE LABR 2P91 Article: (Spence, Lester, (2016). “Policing Class.”) Summary: Spence’s main argument he makes in Policing Class, is that police violence seen specifically in the state of Baltimore, but also seen throughout the United States, is not just a expression of racism but coincides with class.
1. What are the distinguishing features of policing in a democracy? How has our system of federalism affected policing in the United States? Democracy is defined as government that gives authority to the people, through freely elected representatives. Many believe that democracy allows people to be free from governmental influence within their lives.
Originally, during Colonial times, policing in the United States consisted of little more than night watches. These watches weren’t very effective, as watchmen often drank or slept on duty, and many of the volunteers were only there as a way to get out of military service or helping with the watch as a form of punishment (Potter, 2013). It wasn’t until 1838 that the city of Boston established the first formal organized police force in America. Other cities soon followed, and by the 1880s, all major metropolitan areas had a formal police force. These changes took place largely due to the rapid population growth in American cities.
The development of policing in the United States followed the policing model in England and developed over decades. It was not until the 1880s that the United States established municipal police forces that were present in all major U.S. cities. These municipal police forces were similar in that they had public support, officers were employed and not volunteers, the departments had established protocols and rules, and the departments were accountable to the government (Lundman 1980). Policing is said to have gone through various stages the last few decades. Hooper (2014) points out that policing in the United States has evolved through three eras: The Political Era that had close ties to politics, the Reform Era that was developed because of the deficiencies of the Political Era and then the Community Era, that focused on Community Policing.
Police Brutality in the United States of America Police brutality has been a problem in the United States of America for a long time. The regulations that cops should abide by hasn’t changed, but the actions of officers have. Police officers have a different view of the rules that they should follow. The power that police have has gone to their heads, and they take advantage of the power. Police are needed in America because of how society is, but there are things that the police do that shows a complete misuse of their power.
The quasi-military foundation of American policing can be seen in contemporary policing. The wearing of identifiable uniforms, adherence to a formal chain of command, legally sanctioned use of force and isolation from the public are just some of the similarities between the military and police. Despite affinities with England's police, there were profound differences. England's police were created by national reformation; this was not the case in the United States. Local, instead of federal, government created American policing.
During the Gilded Age, the police was an entity highly corrupt. Also, police officer positions were political appointments. In general, a police officer did not earn too much money for salary, they got it from the extortion, conning and some numerous other illegal practices. Persistently, the police enforcement were extremely ruthless, and they also took the law in their own hands. For instance, they beating and punished people before arrested them.
Well the answer is hidden in plain sight really. It has to do with the Jim Crow laws. Even though Jim Crow laws no longer exist it’s no secret that some of what it stood for still comes into play in policing. In the “The Washington Times” an article titled “Justice Dept. official: Jim Crow laws to blame for policing” the author Maggie Ybarra quotes a Justice Department official and I reads “ We’re still operating on some system that was used to enforce Jim Crow laws, that were used to oppress people,”. You can tie together this statement and any other news related thing that had to do with policing and racial profiling and come to a conclusion that it’s up to us to fight and take a stand to change the way we have our police force “protect us”.
Law enforcement is ensuring an act of obedience to the law. Police officers often take advantage of enforcing the law and end up using violence when it 's not necessary. According to the Washington post ( 2015 ) every 28 hours an unarmed colored person is killed by a police officer. I think it is time for these and other victims who were treated unjustly by police officers to get justice. These deadly law enforcement incidents must come to an end.
Although it is questionable, that policing in America has different time periods. There is an agreement of three major eras of policing in America. Those three era's are, The Political Era, Reform, and Community Policing. (Cheeseman et al. , Chapter 3)
From a time immorial the police have been a very intrigal part of the our social life. Be it the gupta period or the shivajian era, or the dark times of the east india company. Police has been omni present in the social order. One can not overlook the importance of police in the peaceful wellbeing of the state. But with the change in the attitude of the state towords its citizens the roll of police has also changed.
Many believe that the Police officer have existed since the beginning of civilization. Although the establishment of the U.S. Police force is actually a modern invention. The first organized police force funded by the public, was created in Boston in 1838, which employed officers full-time. The definition of public order during the 19th century, to today has been maintained by the police force.