• Positive politeness: Seeks to make a good relationship between parties; respects a person 's need to be liked and understood. Direct speech acts, cursing and dismissing Grice 's maxims can be considered aspects of positive politeness because: • they show an consciousness that the relationship is strong enough to cope with what would normally be considered impolite (in the popular understanding of the term); • they articulate an awareness of the other person 's values, which accomplishes the person 's will to be accepted. Some cultures seem to prefer one of these kinds of politeness over the other. In this way politeness is culturally bound. Being polite means being aware of and admiring the feelings of other people.
It makes him feel good about himself. Positive politeness minimizes the threat to the hearer’s positive face. It also tries to avoid conflicts. Brown and Levinson referred to the function of positive politeness strategies as one of minimizing the threat of an FTA by assuring that the speaker has a positive regard for him or her (1987, p. 75,317). 1.4.3- Negative politeness It is oriented to the addressee’s negative face.
The notion(s) of politeness For a reason that will be made explicit subsequently, it may be helpful to begin with a dictionary definition of ‘politeness’, or all the more easily,‘polite’: Polite, adjective  Having or indicating conduct that is respectful and considerate of other individuals: they thought she was not right but were too polite to say so.  [attrib.] relating to individuals who see themselves as more cultured and refined than others: the image angered polite community. The Concise Oxford English Dictionary (2004). Even from such a brief abstraction of regular utilization of the notion, it is clear that politeness does not have a quiet unambiguously value.
To be effective communicators, we need to align our body language, appearance, and tone with the words we’re trying to convey. Research shows that when individuals are lying, they are more likely to blink more frequently, shift their weight, and shrug (Siegman, A.W., 1985). a. Body Language A simple rule of thumb is that simplicity, directness, and warmth convey sincerity and sincerity is keys to be effective communication. Body movement is a form of non-verbal communication, such as eye contact, facial expressions, gestures and posture.
Blocking the message is accomplished by condescending the message, questioning the source or even the messenger. The solutions to the issue of message blocking are: to identify the perfect moderate amount of fear to use, to use images instead of just texts since visual imagery is more difficult to block than text alone, and to provide self affirmation or encourage gratitude to the person before providing the negative message. Self-affirmation is a process by which people are asked to reflect good things about themselves. Gratitude interventions persuade people to focus on the good areas in their life that they can feel grateful for. People feel better once they are feeling more grateful or self-affirmed and therefore, they feel less threatened by messages that tell them to change their
Politically correct language is a language of respect, it is intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society. First, politically correct is based on the idea from Sapir-Whorf that language shapes thought. It is a Linguistic Determinism which states that the language we speak determines how we perceive and think about the world. Therefore, changing a discriminative word can also change the negative thoughts associated with what it signifies. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is now no longer accepted in its absolute form, but the weak version of the hypothesis is generally accepted by scholars.
Or does the word choice need to be a little softer to avoid face threading acts or any negative implications stemming from your word choice? Mitigation markers are a particularly useful form of indirect speech and are extremely powerful in face-threatening situations or just merely in daily life. Mitigation markers are a diverse set of conversational devices that are used to achieve indirectness. They can be used in expressions of opinion, information inquiries, and often times come in the form of “negative politeness”. Mitigation markers are used to soften the blow of a negative
Contrarily, negative politeness is described as functionally minimizing the FTA’s imposition consequences on the addressee. That minimization in the imposition is achieved by showing distance between speaker and hearer, avoiding imposition or presuming, and giving the hearer’s options (Cutting,
Self-control is how toleration is defined in some of the philosophy recourses, it is also defined as being able to put up with something which can include suffering. It generally means a conditional acceptance of or non-interface with beliefs, actions that it considered wrong but can be tolerable, that will not be prohibited or constrained. It is important to differentiate between a general concept and more specific concept of toleration. Today, when we say someone has a ‘high tolerance of pain,’ we refer to enduring the pain. That’s a way of thinking is beneficial for understanding the idea of toleration and the virtue of tolerance; it emphasizes the fact that toleration is directed by an agent toward something realized as negative.
Relationship: This refers to the qualities of a given relationship taken as a form of communication. For example, if I provide criticism to someone while consciously taking care to provide it in a loving way, then the content of the message is auditory but the message of the feeling tone is in the relationship channel. Relationship troubles often occur when the people are aware of the content but not aware of the relationship channel. In this case, the relationship channel is said to be “unoccupied,” which actually means that it is occupied by the secondary process. 6.