Legalism in Qin Dynasty China was known as a focus on greater efficiency and less adherence to tradition in which there was a more strict adherence to the letter of the law. This suggests that Qin Shi Huangdi justified strict centralized control by using the people to strengthen Qin. The citizens of Qin China were used as slave labor on huge construction projects and conquests, such as unifying China. One of the many huge undertakings that the citizens took on were the creation of many roads, and canals, for transporting troops and supplies to other parts of China. Another project was the building of a huge necropolis, large shrine for the dead, for Qin Shi Huangdi.
In the history of China, there are a lot of emperors to rule the country in different dynasty. China is a monarchy society in the past where the emperor has most of the power in their hand. The very first emperor who unified China is in the Qin dynasty called Qin Shi Huang. And the last emperor in the Chinese history is Puyi who also called Xuantong Emperor in the Qing dynasty. It is suggested that the politics in China from the first emperor to the last one can best describe as paternalistic and deferential.
1. Describe the key factors in the Sui-Tang era that made for the restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil? The restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil was made possible through the reestablishment of a centralized empire, the revival of Confucian ideas and the enhancement of the scholar-gentry administrators. The creation of a bureaucracy allowed for control from the imperial palace all the down to district level.
From the book China: Tradition and Transformation, edited by John K. Fairbanks and Edwin O. Reischaurer, the editor 's perspective on how the Ming Foreign Relationship helped the Chinese discover where the Ming dynasty stood in the world and how these expeditions affected the Ming dynasty financially. To my understanding, the establishment of the tribute system, the Ming maritime expeditions and the Ming anti-commercialism affected the Chinese budget and how the editors perceived, where the Ming dynasty stood. The tribute system was a system established by Hung-Wu, during the Ming era. The main purpose of the tribute system was to re-establish it foreign relationship with neighboring countries and for the rulers of each country to build an interstate relationship.
In the 5th century BCE, China was in a state of _. A philosophy, Confucius, gave voice to a philosophy of harmonious hierachy. Despite the little we know of this figure's life, we know of his stance on tradition and discipline. His ruler, a duke, was a frivolous sovereign, and in his disappointment, Confucius left court. His focus on ritual propriety, the Li, influenced his entire body of work, and coloured his views on how all social relationships ought be conducted.
It can be seen of the extensive literature that flooded the country during the Tang Dynasty, in all sorts of forms: poems, stories, books of teaching, etc. This amount of attention to the process of creative writing and record keeping proves unique in comparison to other dynasties, such as the Qin Dynasty; creativity or personal viewpoints would’ve most likely been heavily suppressed by the legalistic nature of the government. The fact that the Tang Dynasty split past this governmental method is a pivotal reason as to why it became regarded as such a prosperous and successful time in Chinese history today. The loosening of the government’s hold on the civilians allowed for them to be able to express personal interests and opinions, opening opportunities to advance in technological innovation, while also spurring one’s creativity through expression in forms of literature. Yet, it can’t be fully confirmed of this history; indeed, victors are the ones who write the history.
The two main sources for this investigation are The Chinese Opium Wars by Jack Beeching and The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams, and the Making of China by Julia Lovell. These books provide detailed descriptions of the Second Opium War and the long-lasting effects that it had. The Chinese Opium Wars by Jack
It starts with the ruler, then the nobles, military and lastly peasants. Ancient Japan based a lot of their teachings and culture off of Ancient China; Confucius’ teachings lead Japan to the feudal system government. The emperor of the Japanese feudal system was called the shogun.
The Ming Family ruled the dynasty between the years of 1368-1644; almost three hundred years later this dynasty has impacted the Chinese history so much. The Ming Dynasty was a strong empire they had the government, the strength of its military, and the economic system to back it. With the memory of the Mongols, the Ming was determined to protect their lands from the invasions.
One of the key players in the unification of China was the emperor of China himself, Ying Zheng or Shi Huangdi. He controlled all major powers in China. Advised by his advisers who are legalists, he implemented many reforms. He began to appoint his officers to enforce his policies. He started also to standardize the currency and implemented the standardized laws, weights and measures.
The nomads or the Mongols in the north took over China and established their own dynastic period, the Yuan dynasty. Genghis Khan was the leader of the Mongol empire and his conquest of Eurasia was astonishing, but it was not until Genghis Khan 's grandson Khubilai Khan that the Mongol started establishing trading routes throughout the vast Mongol Empire. Since the Mongols were nomads, they understood the importance of trading with neighboring tribes and nations for goods. It was why the Mongols encouraged foreign diplomacy, they also utilized the ideas established by the Tang dynasty and combined it to their own (Bentley, The Mongol Empire).