In Congress, Nixon was able to secure a Senate seat by implying that the opposing candidate was a Communist sympathizer because she voted against the HUAC. Nixon accused Alger Hiss, a convicted former spy for the Soviets, and pressed the HUAC to go further into the investigations until Alger Hiss was proven guilty. This investigation gave Nixon a national reputation and he was labeled as a young star. The views of Nixon made him acceptable to east and west in the early 1950s. However, Nixon was a man that would go to extreme lengths and tricks if it achieved political success.
Response to Senator McCarthy’s “Enemies From Within Speech” With anti-communism being the dominant political issue during the Cold War, hysteria and paranoia spread throughout the minds of Americans. The “Enemies From Within Speech” delivered at Wheeling, West Virginia in 1950 by Senator Joseph McCarthy focused on worsening that national fear. Senator McCarthy used ethos, metaphor, and hyperbole to create the notion of disloyalty within the federal government. In order to persuade the American public in a convincing way, Senator McCarthy appeals to their ethics. He indirectly inserts an Abraham Lincoln quote in his speech and refers to him as “one of our outstanding historical figures.” McCarthy continues to mention Lincoln, stating that he would have been satisfied with the reaction by Americans to communist infiltration of the
At the time, McCarthy was a first-term senator from Wisconsin who had won election in 1946 after a campaign in which he criticized his opponent’s failure to enlist during World War II while emphasizing his own wartime heroics. There were fears of a nuclear holocaust based on the knowledge that the Soviet Union exploded its first A-bomb in 1949. That same year, China, the world 's most populous nation, became communist. Half of Europe was under Joseph Stalin 's influence, and every time Americans read their newspapers, there seemed to be a new threat. All of these factors combined to create an fearful and dreadful atmosphere, which provided a ripe environment for the rise of committed anti communist, Joseph McCarthy, who for many Americans was “the most enduring symbol of this ‘Red Scare’”(“Joseph R.”).
To what extent did the Red Scare influence American society during the early stage of the cold war? The United States and the Soviet Union had entered the state of the rivalry after the end of World War II; this marked the beginning of the Cold War. When the conflict between the two countries intensified in the late 40s and early 50s, fear and hysteria toward communism rose and became the dominant mindset in the United States. This is the time which was later known as the Second Red Scare. The Red Scare quickly spread across the States as American people feared that communism would take over their country one day.
With the dropping of the Atomic bomb that ended WWII and the beginning of the Cold War, the United states was in distress. The start of the 1950s brought about many changes to American society, from the Red Scare and threat of the possible spread of communism in America, to changes in political movements, civil rights movements, and another possible war. The political climate in the 1950s was a period when people made judgement without proof based on people’s occupations, it instilled a fear that anyone could be a communist and pushed McCarthy to find and dispose of them. Factors that influenced this political crisis and fear go back years to 1917 when communism was recognized as a political force. It was known as the last red scare.
The other hot war that went on was the Vietnam war between South and North korea. The vietnam war was said to be during the period of 1955 and finished around the year 1965. Some key events of the cold war were , The berlin airlift (1948) this is where the soviet union had an attempt to get rid of all the allies in berlin to gain more control. Forming of nato ( 1949) the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance based around the north atlantic and this was formed on April 4th 1949.Forming of Warsaw ( 14th May 1955) The Warsaw pact was a political alliance between the Soviet Union and also many Eastern European countries. The U-2 incident ( 1st of may 1960 ) The U-2 incident happened during the cold war when Nikita Khrushchev was premier of the soviet union.This event occurred 13 days before the four powers had a meeting with the united states , Soviet union
When Jackson came into the White House his first mission was to reform the nation. He worked out differences between the Native Americans and their borders within the United States. Since Jackson found out that Adams cheated in the election he charged him and his campaign team with fraud. This lead to him removing a large amount of government officials along with some attorneys. He said himself that he was disrupting the corruption and getting rid of it.
The Soviet Union was the leading power of the communist bloc, which included Eastern European satellite states as well as Eastern Germany. They built an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. The United States led the opposing bloc, called the democratic or capitalist bloc. They built an alliance called NATO. Asian, African and Latin American nations were forced to choose one of the sides if they wanted financial aid or military support.
In this speech Truman is trying to sell the Truman Doctrine to Congress emphasising the need to adopt a policy of containment, in order to address a significant issue at the time – the fear of communism. Seeking approval for Marshall Aid from Congress, his agenda was to persuade congress to follow the containment ideology as well as to take the USA out of isolation. We can also see the increase of tensions through the Soviet reaction. Malenkov, a member of the Soviet Politburo, condemned the Truman Doctrine at a meeting of the Cominform on the 22nd of September 1947. He stated, “It has chosen the path of hatching new war plans against the Soviet Union and the new
As mentioned in ‘War, the American State, and Politics since 1898’, with regards to the Korean War being distinct to the Cold War, “the U.S. Army’s integration … had a galvanizing influence on the extension of new rights for a marginalized minority group that served honorably in an armed conflict”. The Korean War was also seen as an internal conflict as it began with Kim and Rhee. There were plans to unite Korea during the Moscow Conference. Rhee strongly opposed but Kim was in favor as he had the support of USSR. The subsequent forming of 2 separate governments of different ideology within the same country was indication of a civil war.