I. Introduction This paper discusses the political ideology of Thomas Hobbes, which had resulted from the civil war and its aftermath during the mid-17th-century England. Hobbes contributed his basic theoretical argument that there is no such thing as society with a collective interest, but rather a number of egoists and selfish human beings. Thomas Hobbes is assuredly one of the most controversial and frequently contested political philosophers of modern times. Although Hobbes is sometimes called the founder of the twentieth-century totalitarianism, Kleinerman believes him to be more a founder of liberalism (Kleinerman, 2006).
But we need not be provoked to reach the assumption that Nietzsche tried to justify the importance of a leader to command the people. On the contrary he deemed that the greatest danger in the contemporary world is existence of the leaders who stand aloof from the political world and instrumentally manipulate it for their own aims and ends. That the moral and ethical claims cannot provide the grounding for a society and leaders should break the barriers of slave morality to follow the strides of master morality, is a recurrent theme in Nietzsche’s opus because he argued that moral systems are based on and derive fro power relations, from politics itself. Tracy B. strong in her essay Nietzsche’s Political Misappropriation
Fanon, decolonization and violence: Fanon was a philosopher and a revolutionary writer; he was concerned with the psychopathology of colonization and wrote multiple books on the topic. This paper will focus on his book “The Wretched of the Earth.” This book mainly focuses on the important and vital role of violence, which Fanon thinks is essential in the decolonization struggle. He begins the book by mentioning how “decolonization is always a violent event” (citefanon pg. 1). He then goes on to define decolonization, he defines it as “decolonization is quite simply the substitution of one “species” of mankind by another” (citefanon pg.
This essay is composed upon the belief that there should be a limit to what is allowed to be expressed when it is on the expense of others, both physically and mentally. Freedom of expression is a very broad term that causes definitional problems. One can express their political beliefs or thoughts on the economic crisis, but under the concept of free speech in a democracy, also voice hate speeches and offensive falsehoods. Mill would argue that these kinds of speech should be allowed… The English philosopher John Stuart Mill is known as one of the great defenders of liberty, and through his essay On Liberty he summarizes his thoughts on the relationship between authority and liberty. He argues against governmental interference when it comes to three main liberties; the freedom of thought and emotion, the freedom to pursue tastes, and the freedom to unite.
One of his finest works is arthshastra which means “science of politics and administration” but it covers vast portion on how and why war should be commenced. Machiavelli wrote a book called the art of war in which he expresses his views on war. According to Kautilya a king must be always ready to wage a war, it is
He writes that when William F. Buckley of The National Review wrote a piece condemning the Society and asking Welch to step down, he still needed to assert that “Many decent people belonged to the Society” and that it was controlled by a “lunatic fringe,” but even then Buckley still faced pushback from many conservatives. Mulloy depicts the Goldwater campaign as being the highpoint of the Society’s influence in politics. He states that, “a major problem facing Goldwater was that he was strongly identified with both the radical Right in general and the John Birch Society in particular.” Yet, he argues that Goldwater was afraid to distance himself from radical elements, such as the Birch Society, because of their influence. This, along with several other factors led to him being viewed as an extremist, and after his devastating loss the Society was pushed from the semi-mainstream by conservatives who viewed them as part of the extreme element that led to Goldwater’s
The first subset is Reactionary Socialism. Reactionary Socialists include the Feudal Socialists, the Petty-Bourgeois Socialists, and the German, or "True" Socialists; all of these groups fight against the rise of the bourgeoisie and modern Industry, without realizing the historical process the bourgeoisie represent. Feudal Socialists were French and English aristocrats who wrote against modern bourgeois society. However, their chief complaint about the bourgeois was that it creates a revolutionary proletariat that will uproot the old order of society. Thus, they objected to the bourgeoisie because they were a threat to their way of life.
Moreover , we can achieve a better understanding of the political purpose of these speeches. Introduction Politics is a scene where certain political, social and economic ideas are put into practice in order to fight for the power. As one of the most famous British politician, Winston Churchill, delivered a speech in which he highlighted the significant peculiarities of politics: “You ask, what is our policy? I can say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy.
If states seek to be hegemons, the structure will punish them as other states will form balancing coalitions that will put the survival of the potential hegemon in question. Waltz’ theory suggests that to achieve security states must pursue only ‘the appropriate amount of power’ . As an offensive realist, Mearsheimer departs from Waltz’s conclusions and criticizes the ‘status quo bias’ inherent in his theory. He says that ‘status quo states’ are rarely found in international politics because the system creates powerful incentives for states to maximise power at the expense of their rivals. Therefore, all great powers (the main actors in international politics) are revisionist powers who aspire to be the only hegemon in the system as it provides the maximum security and thereby maximizes the chances of survival.
The third chapter discusses George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty- Four as a dystopian novel. The publication of the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four has won him name and fame. The novel is a frightening portrait of a totalitarian society where love is punished, privacy is lost and truth is distorted. He uses a grim tone to differentiate from his other novel Animal Farm which is a satire on the communist government of the Soviet Union under Stalin. Nineteen Eighty-Four is written in the custom of the Utopian novel, and is perhaps best defined as a dystopian novel, literally the opposite of a perfect society.