With Americans embracing the American Dream, bureaucratic agencies should implement laws and make rules that would make this American Dream realistic. For this reason, this paper aims to elaborate how bureaucracies kill the American Dream. Bureaucracy is a term which is very unpopular to citizens. However, these bureaucrats exercise power which has been subject to several debates because they are less visible and they are only appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate (Colemn et al.) Policy decisions made by the president, the Congress, or the Supreme Court are most likely to be implemented by bureaucrats.
Since the independence, the army has always played a key role in Indonesian politics, keeping the country united and fighting the establishment of an Islamic State. After the failure of the liberal experiment of the 50s, General Nasution and the rest of the army asked for a more important role in the state, they demanded a double function, social and political as well as military. The period of the guided democracy starts in the 60s and is troubled by social unrest and separatists actions that led to the establishment of the martial law. This decisions satisfied a part of the military forces. It is then that the army becomes a functional group, as well as religious or economic organizations, which provides them politic and institutional prerogatives.
The earliest form of dystopian is “The Time Machine” by H. G. Wells in 1895, but more recognized ones were George Orwell’s writings such as “1984” (1949) or “Animal Farm” (1945), and Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” (1932). The societies portrayed in these books are commonly about letting the government hold all the power and its citizens dehumanized, intimidated, and under constant surveillance. It usually tells a story about a certain individual’s life in a dystopian universe. Most of the writings are satirical towards the government, mainly conservative, right-winged politics. Though this is not a real era, two noteworthy examples are North Korea’s totalitarian political system and the privacy “dystopia” due to the National Security Agency spying and gathering information from people who use the internet in 2014, in which people stated that their methods were “Orwellian”.
The time when after gaining its independence variety of parties, political institutions, liberation movements were established. Indonesian government not without pressure from the parties accepted new Constitution that lead to multiparty system, separate legislative, executive and judicial powers and the most important parliamentary republic. These were all the aspects that form a country that is run by democracy. But did it mean that Indonesia actually was on its way to liberalization? Nevertheless, the nation was not used to democratic system after so many years of being a colony, after the war for independence the political and social instability was certain.
As the Cold War intensified after nationwide liberation, Koreans experienced the ideological and political conflicts and subsequently these experiences created a strong anti-communist Korea. Initially, the Reagan administration did not pressure Korea to democratize, choosing build a relationship with the focus on the common support of anti-communist governments, both authoritarian and democratic. As a result, Reagan developed a sense of trust with Chun Doo Hwan . Subsequently Reagan’s administration began to place greater emphasis universal democracy, leading to a greater urge for the Korean government to amend their constitution . These pressures were both public and private.
Being under total government control one minute, and not having a steady government the next must have really been challenging to the people of Burma. When looked at it, things are so different living in the United States because although true equality is still being fought for, it’s nothing compared to not having an unstable government. It may be thought the government is unstable because the party running the country is unfavored, but imagine being under Europe, then being broken
For more than three decades, the military dominated South Korean politics and was arguably the most powerful actor. South Korea under the leadership of military generals Park Chung-hee, Chun Doo-hwan and Roh Tae-woo relied heavily on the military in maintaining the stability of their respective regimes. On 16 May 1961, General Park Chung-hee staged a coup and deposed the democratic government of the Second Republic. In December 1979, General Chun Doo-hwan led the second coup against the short-lived government under Choi Kyu-hah after the assassination of Park Chung-hee. While General Roh Tae-Woo was popularly elected into presidency, his term of office was also marked by an era of military supremacy, where the cabinet and bureaucracy were largely
The problem in the monarchy’s rule in Thailand began when the democratically elected and popular government of Thaksin Shinawatra was overthrown in a military coup in 2008. As a result of which the cumulative choices made by the monarchy came into the limelight and weakened the position of the institution in a span of few years. While King Bhumibol still enjoys strong support and popularity from the people in the country, the long term viability of the monarchy as an institution has become questionable and is a matter of serious concern. Personal Viewpoints on future of the
1. Introduction Over the last decade and a half, there has been a growing literature on ‘financialization’ and its impact on corporate behavior and the economy as a whole. It is most broadly understood as a process in which the financial markets and financial institutions grow in size and influence in an economy at the expense of the real sector. Epstein (2001, pg. 3) defines it as “the increasing importance of financial markets, financial motives, financial institutions, and financial elites in the operation of the economy and its growing institutions, both at the national and international level”.
Musharraf had been involved in a number of domestic reforms after the 9/11 incident in weakening the activities and ideas of the militants and terrorists against Pakistan. He also tried to secularize the Pakistan’s government, as a plan, by announcing some of his reforms. In April 2002, Musharraf held a poll (referendum) and surprisingly he won that poll, allowing him an additional five years as president. The poll also restored the constitution, as a document called the Legal Framework Order (LFO). In addition to encompassing Musharraf’s term, the LFO expanded the president’s powers and increased the number of members of both houses of the