Political Discourse Analysis Examples

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1.6 CDA and Political Discourse Analysis There are many approaches for the analysis of Political Discourse integrated with Critical Discourse Analysis. Wodak (1995) postulates a major influence in this study by summarizing the constitutive principles of CDA as follows: 1- Political commitment: the aim of CDA is to uncover power-abuse and inequality. CDA is being criticised for being political only because its political values are explicit. 2- Problem-oriented research: CDA studies the everyday use of language in different social environments such as organisational discourse, media discourse, etc. Each discourse is socially relevant to the situation, thus it is problem-oriented. 3- Relationship between language and the social: as mentioned…show more content…
He points out that politicians have to be sensitive when they use pronouns in developing and indicating their ideological position on specific issues (p. 46). In fact, politicians use pronouns to “indicate, accept, deny, or distance themselves from responsibility for political action; to encourage solidarity; to designate and identify those who are supporters...as well as those who are enemies, and to their positions” (p.76). In addition, they resort to pronouns to “mitigate existential involvement”, i.e. their own personal engagement with specific political issues (pp,…show more content…
Van Dijk (1993b) affirms that Critical-Political Discourse Analysis clarifies “the reproduction of political power, power abuse or domination through political discourse, including the various forms of resistance or counter-power against such forms of discursive dominance (p.11). Consequently, social and political bias results from this domination. Van Dijk (1997) points out that political discourse is the discourse of politicians and it is about such politics. He also outlines his definition of political discourse and its many sub-genres as follows: 1) It is a class of genres defined by a social domain, namely politics. He delimits the political properties that differentiate political discourse from other forms of discourse, such as political field, political system, political ideologies, political institutions, political organizations, political groups, political actors, and political process. 2) It is the concept of ideology since ideologies are defined in terms of basic beliefs shared by the members of groups. He also defines the ideological self-identity of politicians as professionals who have: a. Identity criterion: Election to political
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