And one potential advantage of formal metacognitive theory is that it allows the individual to make informed choices about self – regulatory behaviours. As such Rech et. l. (1994, p.168) refers to the individuals who can make such choices as “producers of their own development”. Sources of Metacognitive Theories Content explains details as of how theories related to metacognition can bring about change.
The textual function is a typically linguistic function, whereby language serves to create texts through various linking devices such as anaphoric words (that, which etc.), conjunctions and elliptical forms of responses such as ‘Yes! Well!’ etc. All these functions are reflected in the structure of a clause. The most relevant to our purpose is the ideational function.
This method was used to describe and give clearly explanation since the data as categorized into non-numerical data. The collected data were intensively studied and analyzed based on two theories that applied in this study. There are some steps in analyzing the data in this study. The first step in analyzing the collected data was identified and categorized English idiomatic expression into several types based on the theory by Palmer (1976). He divided English idiomatic expression into three types such as: phrasal verb, prepositional verb, and partial verb.
Critical Discourse Analysis directs much of its attention and dedicates a substantial amount of research to the relation between language and power. Presently the term CDA is used to denote the scholars’ critical linguistic approach, in line with which larger discursive units of text are perceived as basic units of communication. CDA examines institutional, political,
This is where first account perspective came into play. In order to get the bigger picture of the significance of power language in politics, multiple perspectives are key. Understanding the point of view from different ages, genders, ethnicities, sexualities, locations, and perspectives are crucial. After doing phone, email, and personal interviews I got a different perspective of what power language in politics looks like. The main things I noticed were how many people were informed about politics.
In dystopian literature, it is critical that we understand that the manipulation of thought as a technique for control. This is in evidence in the texts Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, The Circle, by Dave Eggers, Equilibrium directed by Kurt Wimmer and 1984 by George Orwell. These texts epitomise the manipulation language and informed historical events, enabled by the colossal advancement of technology. These points revolve around the ideas of ingrained conditioning, which fuels conformity and consumerism. The manipulation of language can determine how people perceive the world.
Pragmatics is the study of the principles of the use of language in interaction. Austin, Searle and Grice are the three philosophers whose ideas provided the theoretical basis for pragmatics. It is concerned with the way in which the meaning of utterance changes in relation to the context of use, the time of interaction and goals of the interlocutors. It is the study of how during a social interaction people experience, make sense of and react to the way meaning is communicated. In other words, it can be claimed as the study of how utterances have meaning in various situations.
A number of theories are drawn from various disciplines (i.e. media and cultural studies, psychology, anthropology, etc) about the way how media represents reality. Media representation is the main focus of theories around portrayals (Hall 1997) and cultural studies (Grsiprund, 2002), and the central point of representation theory remains the dilemma whether the media simply reflects or actually constructs realities? On both sides, there are notable scholars defending each theory. Kellner (1995) argues that media reproduces social struggles, which in return, has an impact on the production of identities and audience understanding of the world. On the other hand, Branston and Stafford (1996) argue that media always constructs the reality and it is hardly a transparent window for this
In this paper we considered the opinion words as the combination of the adjectives along with the verbs and adverbs. In our work we are using corpus-based method to find the semantic orientation of adjectives and the training data set or dictionary-based method is employed to find the semantic orientation of verbs and adverbs. Then the overall tweet sentiment calculated by using a linear equation which incorporates emotion intensifiers
As Luke (2002: 96) notes, CDA is “an explicitly normative analysis of how texts and discourses work in ideological interests with powerful political consequences”. CDA is mainly concerned with social issues and problems, thus attempts to understand how language or more properly, discourse, figures in social interactions on the assumptions that language use is socially determined and therefore intimately connected to relations of power. It argues that power relations are discursive; that discourse serves ideological and hegemonic purposes and hence mediates the link between text and society. In the words of one of its founders, critical discourse analysis
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text’s explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text. 3. Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text. Craft and Structure (Question, Visualize) – How does the text say it?
We communicate in many ways, either by email, telephone, text, face to face, social media or letters and the language we use allows us to get things done, nonetheless the language and communication method in which we chose to use can vary depending on the discourse community. Much like John Swales suggests a discourse community involves a group of people who share the same common public goals, such as shared interests, rules, structure, and vocabulary. When thinking about the several discourse communities I am evolved in, which include family, coaching football, college student, and a few friends. These discourse communities have influenced me, given me insight of where I come from and tell who I am as a person. I also believe much like Swales,
This passage occurs as more and more people begin to disappear from Holmes’s hotel in the midst of the World’s Fair including waitresses, stenographers, and even a male physician. Larson's purpose in this passage is to depict Holmes's insanity and psychopathic tendencies as he murders several guests at his hotel. Employing a vivid sense of diction, Larson details Holmes’s methods of murder; he uses words such as “gorging,” “proximity,” “death,” and “panic,” to characterize Holmes’s preferences, including the fact that he avoids bloody murder (like the notorious Jack the Ripper) and enjoys being near his victims while they are on the brink of death. When he murders, Holmes feels a sense of, “possession,” over his victim and believes it is “satisfying.” The vault in which Holmes murdered most of his victims “deadened,” most of the sound- but not all, and when his hotel was full of guests Holmes would, “settle,” for more silent means, explains
Q1) The writer’s main contention is that it should be made illegal for politicians to tell lies that mislead the general public. The three supporting arguments include: Anyone who knowingly lies in a court of law can be legally prosecuted, and politicians lies can have more implications on the general public than this. Politician’s lies have a vast effect on the democratic system and hence our society in general.
George Orwell is the author of, “Politics and the English Language”, an article in which he attempts to persuade the reader to believe his claim that politics are influencing modern writing, in turn causing lazy and vague writing. Orwell says that, “Political language-...is designed to make lies sound truthful”(539). Essentially, his main point is that the habit of writing fancily for little reason, or with little purpose, is reversible with significant effort. Orwell’s goal is to get his readers to follow an “elementary” set of rules listed near the end of the article. He believes that there can be no good writers that do not follow the rules stated.