The conflict with Ukraine broke out in Lwów, which due to the polish majority was considered a polish city. The result of the Polish-Ukrainian conflict was that Eastern Galicia would be put under the control of Poland. A small dispute near the town of Mosty between the poles and russians, resulted in the Polish-Bolshevik war, which was not only a territorial but also an ideological dispute. The Bolsheviks were pushed out of Poland and set behind the Curzon line. After the war with the Bolsheviks, which lasted two years, the Peace Treaty of Ryga in 1921, which settled the dispute but was signed in bad faith, as it was also a temporary peace treaty.
He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland. What’s more, his reform from the beginning seem to be liberal but indeed there didn’t change anything radically. Even if they had some liberal elements it was minority. At the same time, he enforced both types of reform, which took effect that both conservatism and liberals were against him. Son of Nicholas I saw the Russian difficulties and he wanted to improve Russia functioning, however he had any intention in limitation of his power.
WW2 is a global war which had two military alliances, one called Allies, and another one was Axis. In 1939, British entered WW2. Some people think the British should enter WW2, but some persons think the British shouldn’t enter WW2. In my opinion, the British should enter WW2 for three reasons. The first reason is that the British and Poland had a Treaty.
As Soviet Union was communism country, contrary to capitalism applied in other European countries, USSR could not build up relations with the Great Powers and properly cooperated with them, even though both of these countries desired to hinder Germany’s expansion. The mistrust owing to the difference of ideology facilitated the signing the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact of 1939. Thus, Germany could ensure USSR not to be engaged in the beginning of WWII, and thereby avoiding to fight a two-front war. That is to say, the signing allowed Germany to start WWII more confidently, and it was somehow because of
The process of globalization has made nation-states and peoples of the world increasingly interdependent and integrated. There is positive and negatives for social, economic and environmental dimensions in this process. On one hand the increased integration and interdependence reduces the chances of conflict and war between states. This is has been proven by a study done by John. R. Oneal and Bruce Russett (2009:20) from the universities of Alabama and Yale.
Here the postcolonial and decolonial discourses of any political kind are tabooed as the symbolic power and influence of the losing ex-empire have remained quite significant until very recently. Therefore any critique of Russian and Soviet expansionism is banned and in many cases has also continued until now. Sympathies have often stayed on the Russian side and lingered on the mutual past even if this past was highly mythologized and invented. In many cases this was a tactical position more than a sincere belief. And only the latest serious economic crisis, international isolation and the terminal decline of the Janus-faced empire (Tlostanova 2003) , which is now hastily swapping its masks, shifted the situation in a drastic way.
Foreign direct investment is regarded as the significant concept because it plays vital role in the economic development and growth of the country. It is noticed that there is strong relationship between FDI and economic growth because increased amount of foreign investments are required to achieve sustainable position by the country in terms of economic growth. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of foreign direct investment on Brazil. The hypothesis that is tested in the paper is as follows: • H0: There is no effect of FDI on growth, employment, balance of trade and equality in Brazil • H1: There is effect of FDI on growth, employment, balance of trade and equality in Brazil For the purpose of evaluating this hypothesis, different
On the contrary, Burnside and Dollar (2000) develop the idea that aid effectiveness depends on certain conditions. Boone’s (1996) findings was that foreign aid does not lead to an outcome of growth. Then Burnside and Dollar (2000) agree that overall aid does not work, but foreign aid interacted with good policy is more effective when there is no conditions. That kind of literature and finding consisting of conditions when aid works, make both side of the debate convinced. However, Easterly, Levine, Roodman (2003) questioned those findings.
Particularly, a quality conscious decision making style is dependent on both power distance and individualistic cultures. In that situation, if the research is based on power distance dimension, Brazilians would be more quality conscious; nevertheless, if individualism stands out, the United States would be the most quality conscious country compare to Brazil and Japan. Furthermore, the study result showed that brand conscious decision making style is the characteristic of individualistic culture. Leng and Botelho (2010) emphasized that people in individualistic countries use brand to express their individualism rather than reflect the level
Introduction The relationship between intellectual property rights and competition issues has attracted growing attention. Though IP law issues intellectual assets to the exclusive control of right owners, competition law strive to avoid market barriers and benefit consumers by encouraging competition among suppliers of goods, services and technologies. Such challenges are particularly complex in developing countries, the majority of which have little or no tradition in the application of competition law and policies. The concept of Intellectual property rights as developed in India cannot be divorced from the developments in the international arena as well as in the nation-to-nation relations. In particular, greater attention should be given