It can be inferred that the person would be in favour of a revolution for equality rather than the passive method of distribution of wealth. This proposes the best way to create equality and prosperity for society is to destroy the social structure. The source, regarding the issue of the status quo in society, is a resolve that connects to communism. Communism is a rejection of liberalism, meaning that it proposes violence in order to create change. In the source, the man contains collectivist ideals, explaining that a laissez-faire economy causes problems within the working class.
"What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable" (Marx, 1848). Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels famous work ‘ The communist manifesto’ is on of the most influential doctrines on the theory of Marxism. Marxism, as concluded from Marx and Engels is a conflict theory, which means that it believes that society is based on inequality and unequal distribution of power and wealth. The Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and employs that to the critique and analyse the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change.
It can be said that Communism is a revolutionary socialism so it is more intense than Socialism. In term of property, Communism believe all property should be public property and the government has a duty to divide it equally to each person. In contrast, Socialism divides property into personal and industrial property. In addition, workers will not receive any additional reward if they work hard, unlike Socialism. Socialism is more liberal than Communism.
Marx and Engels wrote that capitalist globalization was completely eroding the foundations of the international system of states in the mid-1840s. Conflict and competition between nation-states had not yet over in their view but the main fault-lines in future looked certain to revolve around the two main social classes: the national bourgeoisie, which controlled different systems of government, and an increasingly cosmopolitan proletariat. Over revolutionary action, the international proletariat would insert the Enlightenment principles of liberty, equality and fraternity in an exclusively new world order which would free all human beings from exploitation and domination. Many traditional theorists of international relations have pointed to the failures of Marxism or historical materialism as an explanation of world history. Marxists had undervalued the vital importance of nationalism, the state and war, and the implication of the balance of power, international law and diplomacy for the structure of world politics.
Developed in the 19th century by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was a theory called Marxism. In dictionary terms one can say that Marxism is “a system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors.” (Business Dictionary) But what is Marxism? Let’s look at it this way that if a theory ignores the economic realities of human culture then it is misinterpreting it. For Karl Marx; Historical Materialism was the driving force in society which was a notion involving the distribution of resources, production, material gains and such matters. Therefore, for Marxism attaining and maintaining economic power is what fuels all political and social motives of people.
For example, as Karl Marx and Max Weber believed that social conflict was intrinsic to the organization of capitalistic societies, Émile Durkheim found it to be abnormal and damaging to industrial production. As well, just as Weber was cautious in terms of a revolution, Marx embraced the fast-paced movements such as collective protest as it unified the working class and defined their struggles. In conclusion, the sociologists helped reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life through their influential philosophies of the working class during industrialism, and their ideologies on the social constraints of
Marx had his own theory of Marxism. This theory encourages the vanguard party to set up a worker’s state that will then set up the conditions for socialism. Marxism considers the loyalty based on class is the most important idea. Marx said that the common values of the industrial workers from the end of the nineteenth century are far stronger than other values. Now back to Leninism.
It means that capitalism eviscerates liberalism and creates neoliberalism which is technical rationality for its own purposes. Capitalism sees us as a quantities, now we measure the value of our lifes as quantities (money, interests,likes) rather than qualities. Neoliberalism not only harms the substance of the democracy but also devalues the human body and soul by seeing the humans as a quantities. We are not political animal anymore that negocicate, deliberate, compromise like Aristo once said, we are now economic animal that try to buy politics with
In instances where unions successes in securing economic gains are limited, workers look towards adopting political action, and Hyman believes that this can lead to workers challenging the capitalist structure of class domination (Hyman, , p. 8). While some consider unions can benefit broader social change, Lenin believes unions embed themselves within capitalism because they are organized as wage-earners rather than producers and as sellers of their labour power (Hyman, , p. 12). With the structure of unions becoming bureaucratic, Trotsky believed in the thesis of incorporation, wherein union leaders authority over their members assist in the organization and controlling of workers (Hyman, , p. 18). Although the goal of unions is to acquire more economic power for their members, the characteristics of wage-labour and bureaucracy
Ruling elites might use political ideas to contain opposition and restrict debate through the process of ideological manipulation. It was obvious in regimes that possessed official ideologies such as Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. In both cases, official or political reliable beliefs dominated political life and all other social institutions in such a way that opposing views were strictly censored or suppressed. However, some argue that a more subtle form of ideological manipulation occurs in all societies. This can be seen in the Marxist belief that the culture of capitalist societies is prevailed by ideas with the interests of the economically dominant class (Heywood 2003, 5).