“What do we mean by revolution?” Wrote John Adams to Thomas Jefferson in 1815. “The war? That was no part of the Revolution; only a consequence of it. The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and was effected, from 1760 to 1775, in the course of fifteen years before a drop of blood was spilled at Lexington.” In the words of John Adams, the American Revolution was more than a war, it was an intellectual movement that transformed the mindset of a nation. In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous.
But it would not do justice to the work if one limits its influence to American nationalism and independence. Paine had two main points: 1) gaining independence from Britain and 2) forming a democratic republic. His arguments to support the two points centered on democracy. “This seminal polemic was a fiery and effective condemnation of kings and aristocracy that took the American polity by storm” (Fredriksen 375). He advocated independence from Britain.
In Behemot, Hobbes shows that war issued from the constitutional struggle between Parliament and the King . In Leviathan, he argues that the experience of the civil war has shown the mischief of dividing the rights of the sovereign . Hobbes based his arguments on his own experience of the English civil war. His vision may be blurred by his times. Contemporary of the first British revolution that led to the fall of Charles I, Hobbes strongly believes that the civil war was due to the division of power between the King and the Parliament.
He believed that individual right’s included life, liberty and property. Locke insisted, “that government was originally formed for the purpose of protecting man 's individual rights against the incursions of other individuals” (Sigler, 1998, para.1). Locke’s ideas on revolution supported the American Revolutionary war and his views of man’s natural rights shape our democratic government which are still relevant today. John Locke’s famous writing Two Treaties of Government claimed that all men have certain natural rights. Men have the right to be free and equal which went against the early rule of the monarchy.
To begin, I will look at a little back ground of each revolution and then the main cause. Once I get done with that, I will then compare the causes to each other. Let’s begin with the American revolution the conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. Skirmishes between British troops and colonial militiamen in Lexington and Concord in April 1775 kicked off the armed conflict, and by the following summer, the rebels were waging a full-scale war for their independence. France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778, turning what had essentially been a civil war into an international conflict.
The American Revolution Started in 1775 between Britain's Colonies and the Americans. The war started with a difference over the path in which Great Britain treated the provinces vs. the way they felt they ought to be dealt with. American natives felt they merited all the rights as the English men. They needed to be free, however the British then again felt that they were made to be utilized as a part of the way that suits them, the crown and parliament. This clash is exemplified in one of the energizing shouts of the American Revolution: No Taxation Without Representation.
What caused the American Revolution? Patrick Henry, an American attorney and politician, stated in a speech in 1775 his most famous words, “Give me liberty, or give me death.” This quote captures the essence of the American Revolution, a war fought by the American colonists to gain their freedom and independence from the British Crown. It was through this war that the colonists obtained their political independence from Great Britain and formed a new nation, The United States. The war was influenced by both political and economic factors. The Stamp Act, The Intolerable Acts, The Boston Massacre and the other acts passed by Parliament caused the American Revolution.
Paine believed that separation would allow for the colonies to strongly govern themselves with an additional national government. In Common Sense, Paine reiterates the sole purpose of the government is to protect the liberty and freedom of citizens. When the relationship between religion and politics is brought into question, Thomas Paine has a firm opinion that the separation of religion and politics is necessary. At the time, in Britain, the church and state were greatly entwined and any opposition lead to religious persecution. Paine believed this was a denial of basic human rights and freedom.
The revolution occurred because of clash of interest of british and colonist, Inflaming tensions by the colonist also cause revolution with Great Britain, and the third reason why the american revolution couldn’t have been avoided was the Boston Massacre. The American Revolution couldn’t have been avoided. First and foremost, I do strongly believe the american revolution couldn’t of been have been avoided. According to enotes.com “ The American Revolution could perhaps have been postponed even longer. If the british had given the colonies representation in parliament”.
The combination of Taxation without real representation, British Military aggression, and the aftermath of the British neglecting the colonies had the most impact on the start of the war, and without these causes, there may not have been a revolutionary war in America. Taxation without real representation resulted in the first rebellious acts from the colonists against the British. Some of these rebellious acts were The Boston Tea party, The Burning of the Gaspee, and the forming of the Continental Congress. The unfair taxes on the colonists angered the colonists because they were being taxed at increasingly high rates by the king that was supposed to be protecting them, which resulted in the colonists protesting against the unjust taxation. England was taxing the colonies in attempt to regain some of the money that they had lost in