Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice. Petals of Blood revolve around ruthless capitalist and deals with issues like land, history, education and exploitation. Religion in both novels is used as a tool to enslave the mind and soul of natives. Ngugi in his works like The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, Petals of Blood, Detained and Matigari has focused on the plights of the oppressed because it is the fiction that could rouse the consciousness of the masses. Ngugi works for the change in society that kind of society which promotes unequal social order.
The movie’s release date was postponed because John F. Kennedy of the United States was assassinated at that time. Page 1 of 4 Page 2 of 4 Hussain, 2 After this incident, some lines and scenes were changed in the movie. The film’s goal changed as it showed that humans lived in fear and were scared because of the dangerous nuclear weapons and the cold war. The film started with a buzzing sound of a strong wind following a high shot over an ocean. Many mountains were shown beyond the sea with the shot flying.
Amir was a Pashtun and Hassan a Hazara. This social ethnicity difference between Amir and Hassan underlines the theme of betrayal and redemption in the novel. Betrayal is featured as an important theme in the novel. The first instance of betrayal is observed in Amir and Hassan. According to Ahang, during those times, Afghanistan was dominated by Pashtoons, where Hazaras were deprived of owning real estates, land and social rights and were treated with violence enforcing a real ethnic cleansing in Afghanistan (2010).
But after the attacks they were viewed and defamed by society as terrorists (Cappiello, para-2: Impact of 9/11). Economically, Pakistani immigrants were affected badly by the changing environment after the attacks in the New York and the United States. The long-lasting impact of 9/11 was on the labor-market discrimination and xenophobic attitude for Pakistani Muslims that started after the attacks and still present today (Cappiello, para-3: Impact of 9/11). Although, I came to the United States long after the 9/11 attacks, but I heard many stories of hatred for Muslims such as publicly treated and criticized. I think Muslims have to face discrimination and negative attitudes because of this big event.
The poet addresses a sudden change in the thoughts of society and it should be preserved. The poem shows the loss of culture that comes with globalisation and the loss of history as the teachings of the old culture and of our old heritage are rejected. This could suggest why Bhatt decided to name the poem ‘A Different History’. The first stanza represents India before the British colonisation by comparing the Indian and Roman gods. The second stanza contrasts the first and progresses to discuss the ‘modern’ colonised India.
In addition, the West Pakistan had monopolized the government and military posts, and also controlled the economy. Because of the civil war between West and East Pakistan had occurred the refugee problem. This had made the relationship to become worse. In the process of chasing the guerrilla, India and Pakistan had conflict at the border and it naturally precipitated the war between two countries. Pakistan wanted to end the war by the surprise air attack.
students who share and agree with the sectarian worldview. The government as well as religious scholars is concerned about the sectarianism imparted through madrassa education because of gory and unpleasant nature of sectarian violence in Pakistan. Extant research finds that madrassa products may not be well represented in the ranks of the observed Islamist militant groups in Pakistan; nor are they prominent among international terrorist organizations. One should not conclude that madrassas do not contribute t the sectarian problem . SECTION II CURRENT TRENDS OF SECTARIANISM AND MILITANCY IN PAKISTAN 2.1 Current Trends of Sectarianism and Militancy Jihadi violence gradually increased in Pakistan in general and in Punjab in particular.
Conflict refers to the opposing ideas and actions of different entities resulting in an antagonistic state. The word ‘perspective’ implies a viewpoint- a manner in which we perceive ourselves and the world around us which is established as result of our experiences, relationships, and how we identify ourselves. This allows different individuals to be able to identify justifications or misconducts in relation to conflict. “The Soldier” by Rupert Brooke which glorifies death through the idea of patriotism and “Homecoming” by Bruce Dawe that accentuates the futility in the death of soldiers; both convey starkly distinctive perspectives of external conflict. In addition, the 2012 documentary “Cronulla Riots” written and directed by Jaya Balendra explores the negative impact of social conflict on those of Middle Eastern appearance in Australia.
An excessive amount of intercession of media in everything involves concern. Media can be considered as “Watch dog" of political majority rules system. Through the ages, the accentuation of media on news has disguised. Media nowadays, tries to eye the news ,which could help them to offer the data that is accumulated around the world, so they could clear a method for achievement and notoriety of their particular channels. Fm radios, papers, data found on net and TV are the mass medias that serve to diminish the correspondence crevice between the gathering of people, watchers and the media world.