What where the problems encountered so far? In which direction is it going? To provide a constructed answer to these, the essay has been divided into three main sections. The first one is devoted to a justification, both of the thesis and of the corpus of novels chosen as the starting material. Emphasis is especially put on the concept of ‘ecocriticism’, i.e.
Foundations of Sociology (SOC10010) Mid-Term Essay: Question: ‘’Discuss three main ideas from the Communist Manifesto.’’ Answer: In this essay I have been asked to discuss three main ideas from the ‘’Communist Manifesto’’, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. To do this I will summarise three main ideas from the text and critically analyse them. This is an important task from a sociological point of view as being well read in various sociological and political ideologies aids one in forming one’s own opinions. 1. Class struggles are a fundamental part of human history: The idea behind this according to Marx is that history is a series of stages, defined by their mode of production and the struggle between classes: "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles."
1.6 CDA and Political Discourse Analysis There are many approaches for the analysis of Political Discourse integrated with Critical Discourse Analysis. Wodak (1995) postulates a major influence in this study by summarizing the constitutive principles of CDA as follows: 1- Political commitment: the aim of CDA is to uncover power-abuse and inequality. CDA is being criticised for being political only because its political values are explicit. 2- Problem-oriented research: CDA studies the everyday use of language in different social environments such as organisational discourse, media discourse, etc. Each discourse is socially relevant to the situation, thus it is problem-oriented.
self-schemas). The self discrepancy theory by Higgins’s (1987) talks about three types of self schema: 1) The actual self- who we currently are, 2) Ideal self- who we would like to be and 3) ought self- who we think we should be. Social identity theorists like Tajfel and Turner (1979) have argued
The article, highlighted aspects of politics, ethnic and racial inequalities in the United States and as such I believe that the conflict theory best describes the problems. Crossman (2017) articulates “The Conflict theory states that tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society and that these conflicts become the engine for social change.” In simple terms, the conflict theory indicates that human behavior, in a social aspect, is a consequence of conflicts between competing groups. One of Mills (1956) most famous theories, the power elite, describes this
The second, rooted in social constructionist theory, takes the view that identity is formed by a predominantly political choice of certain characteristics. In so doing, it questions the idea that identity is a natural given, characterized by fixed, supposedly objective criteria. Both approaches need to be understood in their respective political and historical contexts, characterized by debate on issues of class, race and ethnicity. While they have been criticized, they continue to exert an influence on approaches to the conceptualization of identity today. These different explorations of 'identity ' demonstrate how difficult a concept it is to pin down.
For work stress three components were taken into account. They were role conflict, role over-load and role ambiguity. Also relation with the conflict and turnover intentions was studied. Structural equation modelling was done in order to find out whether data fit within the model well. From the analysis it was clear that there was a relation between the variables like role conflict and role overload with work family conflict.
Yack then identifies four categories in which the qualities of modernity can be described. These categories are the philosophic, sociological, political and aesthetic aspects of modernity. Using these categories Yack identifies qualities that can be associated with the subjective definition of modernity: philosophically it includes ways of thought that “break with tradition and received authority” (Yack 1997:32), sociologically it involves “new forms of association created by capitalism and industrial society and the break with traditional authorities and customs” (Yack 1997:33), politically “the replacement of religious and aristocratic political hierarchies with more egalitarian and democratic forms” (Yack 1997:33) is incorporated, and aesthetically includes styles which identify with the “constantly shifting conditions of modern existence, rather than in eternal forms” (Yack
Firstly, a background of this model will be presented, which will explore the three pillars. Secondly, the strengths and weaknesses will be evaluated, and lastly, a brief contrast will be provided of the opinions of sustainable development between the Global North and Global South. The conclusion conveyed at the end of this paper, will be that sustainable development is a concept with weaknesses however, the strengths outweigh them. To begin with, the concept of sustainable development famously culminated in 1987 with the United Nations 'Commission on Environment and Development ' also known as the 'Brundtland Report ' (Everard & Longhurt, 2017; pp. 1244).
The three models of change discussed in the chapter are the mechanistic, the ecological and the individual. The mechanistic change is a top-down approach based in hierarchical roles and functions, and introduces institutional change from the outside. In this model, coercive strategies in the form of rules and regulations pass down decisions for implementation so that each level is both implementing a policy made above it and making policy for implementation at the next level below. Putting into effect mechanistic change is an effective way of ensuring implementation of a common national policy throughout a nation, and that is the reason why much national curriculum change takes this form. Besides, responsibilities for mechanistic change