Political Participation And Ideal Democracy

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Democracy is a system of government in which every citizen in the country can vote to elect its government officials. Rober Dahl argues that an ideal democracy is consisted of two factors: political participation and political contestation (Dahl, 1991) . Political participation demonstrates that all the citizens who are eligible to vote have to have a right to vote to reflect their political requests to the real politics. The election have to be a transparent and accountable one. Also, after the election, power have to be given to the successful candidates. On the other hand, Dahl also emphasize the importance of contestation. According to Dahl, all the citizens have to be able to express their dissatisfactions with politics without any fear of confinement or custody (Dahl, 1991) .
There exists many types of democracy in the world. Many scholars differentiate them in relation to its representative government, the institutional balance of power, and the electoral procedure.
Types of Democracy
The nature of representative government is one of the ways to categorize the democracy. Generally, there are two categories: direct democracy and representative democracy. Both types of democracy can be observed today.
Direct Democracy
Direct democracy is a form of democracy that all political power belongs to the citizens. The policies of a state are directly decided by its citizens instead of elected politicians. In this system, each person should be weighted equally, each person has
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