Arising from the smoke of the French Revolution was a wave of Jacobin ideologies arriving on the shores of the American continent. During this diffusion of ideas, there were two primary political parties trying to gain power in America: the Democratic-Republicans and the Federalists. With the Democratic-Republicans adopting French Jacobin ideologies and Federalists leaning towards anti-Jacobin views, tension between the two parties erupted into a bitter political conflict resulting in each side doing what they had to in order to gain power. Subsequently, Federalist politicians used anti-French Revolution propaganda in order to shape American political views and ultimately gain power in government. Adopting the name “Jacobins”(416)1, Democratic-Republicans
One of the first things that sparked the unification among the colonies was the Albany Plan of Union(1754). The document was mainly drafted by Benjamin Franklin. It was drawn up because the of the frequent wars between Great Britain and France would often cause violent conflict near the American Colonies and the skirmishes the settlers had with the Native Americans caused many people in the colonies to feel unsafe. This plan was the first step into allowing the colonies to govern themselves, at least in regards to protecting the colonies ' safety. With the Townshend Acts(1773) and Coercive Acts(1774) passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, the colonist responded with violence and called for a Continental Congress.
Document B was from a Pennsylvania newspaper, and it called for the Americans to fight harder to expel the British from the Americas. The author wanted to politically separate America from Britain and pleaded for the American people to make this political change. After the war officially ended with signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, people started to realize that there were issues with the Articles of Confederation. In the next few years many people argued how to fix these issues and how the country should grow. Document G illustrated some of these problems.
The beginning of the United States was given a self-government that took it to a new heists of political and economic systems that would soon be established. The Election of 1800 had revolutionized the American system known as” The Revolution of 1800” which became a turning point resulting in a non-violent, peaceful transition of power in politics and foreign policies. The Election of 1800 consisted of two dominated political power, known as the Federalist and Anti-Federalist who both sought for unity among the people. However, the Federalist soon began losing their stance in the government because they supported a strong national government that distrusted the people in a ruling government. On the other hand, the Anti-Federalist, democratic-republicans,
Thomas Jefferson disagrees with the idea that Congress could broadly interpret the clause’s powers, because he believes that when the majority of Congress does, it will enable them to do whatever they want to do. And Jefferson says, “…it (Congress) would be also a power to do whatever evil they please and this can never be permitted.” Congress has had the ability to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper” through the Necessary and Proper Clause, establishing federal power, regulating future endeavors, this has led to speculation within our government. Even with the controversy of the Necessary and Proper Clause, many would say that this clause has helped with future endeavors, such as railroads and computers. However, we see that time and time again the powers of the state our over-powered by the federal government, as we saw in the McCulloch v. Maryland case. As many founding fathers fought over what extent The Necessary and Proper Clause should be used, we find that most Anti-federalist disagreed with the clause; and the Federalist agreed for what the clause stood for.
During the American Revolution between 1763 and 1787, it is claimed that the revolution went through distinct stages of greater as well as lesser radicalism. After reading documents by Wood, Nash, Kenyon, and Linebaugh and Rediker, it is very clear that, infact, the American Revolution indeed went through well defined phases of lesser and greater radicalism. The American Revolution (1763-1787) went through vivid phases of both greater and lesser radicalism as expressed by Wood. He expressed that a great change came with the change of government from an English monarch to a republic where the people were represented by the people. It is expressed through his document “Revolution and the Political Integration of the Enslaved and Disenfranchised” (1974) that many ordinary men living in the colonies wanted to be represented by ordinary men like themselves.
From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over. France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
Colonies were being unfairly taxed and slaved by the British. The Age of Revolution changed and improved the American life. Thomas Jefferson said that America needed a revolution and independence. “When any form of Government becomes destructive of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, it is the people’s right to alter or abolish it” – Thomas J. Naturally, humans demand freedom and independence.
The first major change this event brought to American government and politics was there was a shift of power without bloodshed. The shift from John Adams, a Federalist, as president, to electing Thomas Jefferson, a new Republican candidate, caused minor bickering within Congress but there was no uproar about the change in government. This was very different from America’s past. When the colonies tried to change their government when the British were in control, war broke out and it caused a divide in America between Patriots and Loyalists. No such divisions was so harshly created.
People even said I was a weak and mediocre president because I did not want America to go to war, but of course things end up diffrently than as planned. Imperialism can not be seen as a horrible thing all the time. These countries often do get protection from us, if ever threaten. My intent for American imperialism is for America to be put on the map. Some of my tactics will help America to do just that.
All in all, between the years of 1789 and 1860, the existence of political parties has deeply affected the development of the American economy, government, and social framework. The American political system has seen the rise and fall of numerous political parties who had a multitude of stances on different issues. Just as George Washington said, a one-party political system is not a true democracy. That is why the American political system has been one of the most successful, as their are often two primary political parties that will not allow the country to lean too far in one direction on the political spectrum, thus balancing and counteracting one
Patrick Henry was one of those famous powerful figures, patriots, who provided support for the antifederalists. Anti Federalists were in debt and they feared a strong central government who would make them pay-off their debts. They thought that it gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments, and there was no bill of rights, thus, they opposed the ratification of the constitution. As shown on Document G, even in a political system, with checks and balances, a certain branch can be too powerful, which can lead to tyranny of the common people. This document was directed towards the Federalist by the antifederalist to explain a possible problem of the checks and balances system, after the drafting of the constitution and awaiting approval.
Election of 1800 Jefferson and Burr tied in the number of electoral votes and then Hamilton supported Jefferson, which eventually won him the election. This was significant because political power was shifted between parties, peacefully. Also, it caused further conflict between Burr and Hamilton. Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. Overall, the Federalists wanted strong federal authority to restrain the excesses of popular majorities, while the Democratic-Republicans wanted to reduce national authority so that the people could rule more directly through state governments.
“The Federalists saw the economic future in manufacturing, but not political role of “common man.” Little faith in democracy.” “Republicans saw political future of “common man” participating in republic, Faith in the new democracy, but failed to see that farming was not economic future.” (Class notes) Each group had ideas that needed support from one another. Because the two only found division and conflict even in situations of unitedness a division was evident. The tension intensified with the Quasi war between France and boiled over when freedom of speech was made illegal with the Alien and Sedition acts. Which was later condemned by the Virginia and Kentucky
Both the newly formed domestic and foreign policies that America established after their claim for independence, undermined the nation’s strength and foundation and brought negative outcomes that would shape american politics from the 1790’s to the 1840’s. In the time ranging from the 1790’s to the 1840’s many events came that would bring Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians further against one another, splitting the body of the nation of America and eventually bringing opposing sides to each political decision. One issue came to cause much tension between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, and this was the proposed Bank of the United States which would be used by the federal government for money deposits. This new system