Controlling one’s emotions, showing restraint, acting with obedience towards authority, conforming and “face” are highly valued and deemed to be very important. Traditionally Chinese values put the family and society over the individual. In some cases, during interactions people may nod, which can be an indication that they understand you, but they are trying to seem obedient to authority, rather than to come off as deviant. Chinese politeness strategies and etiquette – Spoken/linguistic, social and pragmatic- Pragmatic politeness within china can be extremely different from politeness within the UK, Chinese politeness revolves around Face, the social hierarchy (五论) and age. Politeness is a social practise that reflects the historical developments and political environment within a country.
Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living, are two of the most popular philosophies and are important in China. Therefore, this paper analyzes …………. Confucianism Confucianism is a way of life taught by Confucius in China. Confucianism is perhaps best understood as an all-encompassing humanism. It has been followed by the Chinese for more than two millennia.
The Influence of Confucianism, Legalism, and Buddhism on Chinese Empires and Society The history of the ancient China is filled with explorations and reforms of the most suitable, effective, and adaptable state ideology for different empires and the society ruled. Up till Tang dynasty, since the early emperors themselves had little idea what would be ideal and what would not, different ideologies were endorsed in a much experimental way, among which three major ideologies played important roles in shaping the Chinese empires that advocated them and affecting the values and behaviors of the society under the rule of these empires. These three ideologies are Legalism, Confucianism, and Buddhism, and were adopted by Qin, Han, and Tang dynasty
This can be explained in that Chinese often do not only believe in one religion because the culture was inclusive of different religions. On the other hand, they can be considered as the fusion of two or more religions . That may lead people mistake Chinese as atheistic. In spite of the advantages of the Confucianism, we will discover that there are some short-comes in this ideology. Confucianism publicizes the rite so much that it restrains the nature of people.
Back to the traditional Chinese management system, or can be called management in Confucian context, the values permeate every aspects of the organizational behaviour. Confucianism is a philosophy of humanity. Relation, connection, interaction between persons are highly respected in order to achieve the harmony among employees. Confucianism also reinforced centralised authority and vertical hierarchical order by paternalistic management (Chung, Lee, & Jung, 1997; Lee, 1998). Can be seen that the values of Confucius management system look similar with the Japanese.
What happens, however, when two ethical systems are being introduced to the same culture at relatively the same time? Confucianism and Daoism both emerged in China during the Zhou Dynasty, and although there are similarities, there are also several differences in the values each philosophy emphasizes, as well as the methods used to enhance one to
Each of it goes through ups and down, but at the end of the day they all have a story to share. If we closely look at a society we can possibly make an instruction manual on what is the right and wrong way of running a society. It is not possible to predict how our society may turn out to but we have societies to look up to and we can adapt and modify those qualities which is best suited for us. Confucius and Han Fei are two Chinese philosophers whose works have been widely read and implemented. They both had a peculiar view on their society and how to order society.
Han Feizi adopted and developed a progressive social and historical view put forward by earlier legalists including Shang Yang, and further proposed his notions of social development and historical evolution. Han Feizi pointed out that "one does not have to follow ancient practices in order to govern" and "as conditions in the world change, different principles should be applied accordingly." He also held that the impetus of social development lies in the material foundation and inner conflicts of the society. The developments and changes towards ancient political theory made Han Feizi have a complete difference performance comparing with his pioneer, Shang