This statement brings to light an important constant in the study of political anthropology: the manner in which the design of the political structure of colonial rule was instrumental in the molding of the social imagination of the colonizer and the ruled or colonized. Colonialism has left behind an indelible print of the face of the world, thus ensuring that social vocabulary and political institutions will be marred (overtly or subtly) by it. To a large extent, the outburst of political anthropology came both late and its popularity short lived; its heyday was the 1960s and its recent rediscovery came hand in hand with the resurgence of examinations of power (Vincent, 2002). Prior to this, anthropology went hand in hand as a tool of empire. This is underlined in the understanding of the political as something disparate from the cultural – “We attempt to discover some of the general principles in political manoeuvre which transcend cultures and which provide questions which could be tools of research in a variety of cultures” (Bailey, 1969).
The development of thought led to the condition of the political science being a multidiscipline rooted in philosophy and theory. Despite the fact that conflicts arise, political philosophy with its revival continuously characterize an aspect of political science being value-laden. Political philosophy might have been disregarded for its conception of reflection as well as the values and even questioned for its relevance in the field. However, it is for a fact that in order for a discipline to grow, it must look back to its origin in order to find its identity and true essence. The study of politics characterized by changing theories and methods as well as the existence of political philosophy as its bedrock serves as a reminder that political science is a field not limited to the ideal conception rather, the field seeks to tackle the ideal and provide practical methods and knowledge to obtain the definition of the
Political parties are important part of the American government, which responsible for campaigning ideas, selecting candidates, mobilizing voters, organizing post election government activities and integrating new voters into the political process (Monroe, 299). In different countries, there are many parties, but there is a disadvantage that votes are divided into more than two parties
What is political is culture? It is when there are common attitudes and beliefs regarding common objects and that where there is a belief that these objects have a relationship in the political system. This means that members of a society or the majority of them accept certain objects as being inherently political. And if they have the same attitudes towards certain objects in question then we call this agreement between them the result of the political culture of the society they find themselves in. Political culture: When we look at countries no matter how large they are we can see that they all have their own political belief, values and also expectations and we have labelled these as being their political culture.
The shifts were able to produced three evolving status for political philosophy starting from its formation up to the present times. For its first status, political philosophy was held in veneration after its promising formation when it gave way to the formation of political theory. Through this the latter enterprise became the most prominent activity in the study of politics. Also, it was able to prescribe certain norms on the political order in a more systematic way. The next status of political philosophy, suffered a dangerous position of being eradicated in the inquiry of politics because of the behavioral revolution.
Politics can be defined as “the principles relating to or inherent in a sphere or activity, especially when concerned with power and status” (Oxford Dictionary). Politics serves to be driven under the force derived from social, political and cultural issues. For example, the American politics serves to be a classic example of having been built upon many political controversies throughout the course of the American History. Immigration, economy, healthcare, education, women’s rights etc have served to be some of the key controversial issues that are present and have been evident with the American politics. Dating back to the colonial period, many political issues have shaped the politics of America.
Americans strive to fight for what is right. Americans who vote will vote for the candidate who shares the same political views as the voter. It is fascinating how unconsciously Americans, as voters, oftentimes forget to take the time to contemplate why the candidate that shares the same views as us is right. Political parties have led us as a nation through dark times, such as the Great Depression, they serve as a vital lifeline for our government. Without any political parties there would be not representation, voting would become exceedingly complicated than it should be, our government would change entirely.
For example, political ecology researchers often showed that environmental crisis like deforestation was not an issue of the commons, but is an issue within the decision-making process which is fundamentally flawed at the first place, particularly as regarded tenure regimes. Development is not just about economics, but also about the exercise of power and the establishment of hegemony. Herewith, political ecology is used as a critical approach which in many of the cases are used to detect circumstances that researchers think should be changed, with references to the overall values such as human rights and justice (Robbins in Benjamin and Svarstad 2010:31). That is to say that helps in identifying the ‘lie of the land’ in hasty assessments made by international experts in complete disregard of local ecological knowledge. In this case, it acts as a critique where it seeks to expose flaws in approaches that are dominative to the environmental system that are favored by large institutions as in corporation, the state and international authorities.
In addition, he was influenced by Communist party and he worked as a journalist he wrote a number of books and articles about capitalism, state, and society. Marx was one of the most intelligible and perspective critics. However, the study of political sociology refer to the interrelationship between both politics and society and somehow this relationship cannot be separated between both of them or it is hard to separate between both politics and society, because they are interrelated. As a result, of this interconnection between both politics and society there is a social relationship between both of them which lead to reform in the society and make the community a better place for living within a welfare for the people. In this way, the definition of Political sociology is apprehensive with the social basis of power in all institutional sectors of society.
What happened was that the behavioralist wanted to copy the ways of the natural sciences to the extent of borrowing their approaches, methods, and tools to use in the study of man. This resulted in the formation of political science. Even though this approach created a more diversified study of politics because it allowed the discipline to transcend beyond the academe, the discipline was still questioned by the people in the same academe Susser (1992) described the development of political science since World War II “as one of the most turbulent and fascinating chapters in its long history. It is a period marked by high hopes and revolutionary change, a period that has witnessed a broadening of the discipline’s subject matter and a striking reorientation in its methods and techniques. But it also a period characterized by deep rifts and heated battles.