The underlying cause was the backward economic condition of the country, which made it unable to sustain the war effort against powerful, industrialized Germany”(1917). After Russia was represented by a provisional government three major factors that had an immense impact on the government were the Petrograd Soviet, the government’s extension on the war, and the Bolsheviks gaining power. One significant group that weakened/overtook the Provisional Government was the other half of Russia, the Petrograd Soviet. After Tsar’s government disintegrated
In addition brought huge progress on Russia subsequent development. The causes of Russian revolutions during 1917 can be categorise into long term and short term factors. The long term cause was the military failure Russian had in World War 1. Increasing casualties put Russian into a chaos. The living and working conditions were poor, people all over Russia were sustained the shortage of everyday goods.
After the Tsar had abdicated the Provisional Government made the decision to stay in WWI. This is arguably the worst decision of the Provisional Government. Russia was losing the war and was large masses of soldiers were dying. This led to war weariness among both soldiers, who believed they were dying in vain, and citizens who were losing family members and experiencing the internal problems caused by the war. This war weariness was further intensified by the food shortages Russia was experiencing.
Previous grievances, social, economic and political, that had bubbled just below the surface for so long, were now catapulted back into the public conscience. Combined with the horrors of war, these problems proved a burden too many for the Russian people to bear. The combination of these factors provided numerous, social, economic and political causes that brought about the Russian Revolution in February 1917. Problems of social discontent, both of the peasant farmers and urban workers, coupled with harsh economic difficulties, exacerbated the political instability brought about by a weak Tsar and the failure of the Duma, made Russia rife for revolution. The hardships of World War 1 served as a bellows to the already smouldering problems in Russia, causing the eventual collapse of the old autocratic regime, and reduced the Romanov dynasty to ashes.
The terms of the Treaty of Versailles contained 6.6 billion pounds of reparations. This suffocated and drained the German economy dry, leading them to hyper-inflation and the Ruhr Crisis. Most of Germany’s population was against signing and agreeing to the treaty. The agreement had also disadvantaged Germany's resources and wealth, losing 75% of its iron resources and was forbidden from the Rhineland which was their main source of industry. Because of this and the reparations to pay, the German money system had broken down.
During this period the Russian government was fraught with corruption, and the economy was regressive. However, despite the tempestuous climate of Russia due to Czar Nicholas II rule, the most immediate cause of the revolution can be traced to Russia’s ruinous involvement in World War I
In the interim of World War 1 Russia had been taking many heavy losses against Germany which attested that their armies were no match against the nations of central and western Europe, this in doubt affected their economy; the main cause of this is from bad leadership and poor equipment. There were many riots about very little food which caused the Crimean war (1854-1856) and on Sunday 1905 hundreds of protesters suffered from injuries or killed. The massacre leads to the Russian Revolution in 1905; these were different reasons why Czar Nicholas II had been
CHAPTER ANALYSIS: CHAPTER1: RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND ITS AFTERMATHS In 1945, Animal Farm was published which was based on Stalin’s hypocrisy in the context of Russian Revolution. Russian Revolution of 1905 was an outburst against monarchy of the USSR and their leaders. The revolution began in ST. Petersburg capital of Russia, and was rapidly spread across the empire and included most classes and groups of people. It was a massive demand for political reform and it forced Russian emperor Nicholas 2 to concede to major changes in the autocratic regions of government. By the beginning of 1905, dissatisfaction with the imperial government was widespread, middle and upper-class Russians called for a political reform towards a constitutional system, industrial workers resented brutal working conditions and the peasantry wanted the government to redistribute agricultural land held by wealthy landowners.
This led to a civil war and killed many of the Russians that were in it. So yeah, was it a positive change? No, for most people life went back to normal, still working in factories and getting low wages. In addition, the Soviet leaders such as Stalin were worse than most of the Russians tsars. The idea of rebellion is good enough, but a lot of the time, it ends in a situation that no one is happy with like anarchy or provisional
They made hefty gigantic mistakes, missed big opportunities and suffered bitter setbacks. What keeps them aloof from the rest of the crowd is their response to the mistakes they made. Only if one makes mistakes will he/she know the combat strategy to deal with the adversities related to it. People who have made enough mistakes have spent adequate time in the dirt and hence they know to pull themselves out and rise up again. The more mistakes one makes, the better he/she understands oneself.