Left with nowhere to go in Latin America, Bolivar fled to Jamaica (Lynch 88). To establish a stable government, Bolivar believed, there was a need to obtain support from Britain. Bushnell, David reveals that in a bid to convince the British that it would serve them better if the Spanish colonies were free, Bolivar wrote a letter, Carta de Jamaica (Letter from Jamaica). In the letter, he highlighted factors that led to the failure of the Second Republic, pointed out reasons that supported Spanish colonies need to be free and called upon European countries to help free Latin American people from Spanish rule. The letter from Jamaica is one of the most important documents in Latin American history of the fight for independence.
Ultimately giving up Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, and everything north of California. By the end of it all, Spain was only left with Cuba and Puerto Rico (Aske). However the United States didn’t stop right there. They continued to gain more land by starting the Mexican-American War in the year 1846 under President James K. Polk’s term. When
The word “Maroon” comes from the Spanish word ‘Cimarron’ which means fugitives or runaway. The Jamaican maroons were a group who fought for their freedom and rights in the 1700s. They ran away from their Spanish-owned plantations when British conquered Jamaica in 1655. These maroons fled to the mountainous areas of Jamaica, where it was difficult for their owners to follow and catch them. These maroons formed communities as free men and women who carried on to live their African lifestyle.
The Declaration of Independence was America’s declaration of freedom from Great Britain. Americans had begun to shift their view from Britain as a mother country to Britain as an oppressor. The early colonists were no longer willing to endure the oppression, thus a declaration was drafted that declared or demanded freedom. This document was an instrument of hope for the majority of the citizenry, but, also, a source of anguish for those still in bondage. During the course of seventeen days in June of 1776, Thomas Jefferson drafted a document that is still “the nation’s most cherished symbol of liberty” (Archives).
Fidel Castro Fidel Castro established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. Castro ruled Cuba for over five decades but eventually handed his power down to his brother Raúl in 2008. Cuba under Castro’s power, had a highly antagonistic relationship with the United States of America. Fidel Castro Ruz was born on August 13, 1926 on his family’s successful sugar plantation near Birán, Oriente Province, Cuba. From the start, Castro’s parents did not want him to go to school but he was set on receiving an education and ended up convincing them.
With a force of 14,000 colonists advancing on Yorktown, and the French navy preventing reinforcements for the British, the choice for them was obvious, they surrendered. and left in peace. That victory was the end of the war, however the fighting still did not stop, as there were still some British stragglers raiding settlements. The fighting stopped on September 3, 1783, when Great Britain finally recognized the American's independence. The official end of the American Revolution was the Treaty of Paris in 1783, signed as an official acknowledgement of American Independence.
Britain and America’s relationship changed as American colonists fought for independence. Before the Seven Years War (1756-1763), “America” comprised of 13 colonies under British control and the attitude towards British rule was complex. The aftermath of this War strengthened the position of these colonies as it removed European Rivals (France in Canada) and opened the Mississippi for expansion but in doing so, destabilised the borders. It did not provide much political change for American people as British control was still in clear effect in 1763 shown by the Royal Proclamation, which led to a temporary line limiting expansion but which no American could settle across. This angered the American colonists who wanted to keep their local government control and expand into new farmlands.
Unfortunately, Rajah Humabon was in war with another native rival leader. The Spaniards took part in the war and Ferdinand Magellan was unluckily murdered in battle on April 27, 1521. The remaining crew fled the islands and reached The Maluccas (Magellan´s destination: The Spice Islands) in November of the same year. Despite all constrains and difficulties, one of the ship captains set sail, and finally circumnavigated the world by arriving at Seville, Spain on September 2, 1522. This wouldn´t have been possible without the influence of Magellan.
The most common answer is Elcano and the crew of Magellan’s ships starting from Spain on September 20, 1519, and coming back in September 1522. But there is another person who might have went round the world before he did Magellan’s servant Enrique. In 1511, Magellan was on a trip for Portugal and participated in the attacking of Malacca where he go his own servant Enrique. ten years later, Enrique is with Magellan in the Philippines. After Magellan’s death, it is reported that Enrique was filled with grief and when he found out he was not going to be let go , against Magellan's Wishes , so he ran away.
Former President and founding leader of the Peoples National Congress (PNC) Party Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham for two decades shaped Guyana’s Foreign Policy destiny after Guyana gained independence from Britain in 1966. When Burnham came to power it was in the midst of a violent struggle for political leadership but he was aided in his fight by the US and Britain. Guyana had inherited a bitter border dispute with neighbours Venezuela and Suriname from its colonial days and had no experience or knowledge of foreign policy formulation. However, through the use of Security Diplomacy through International Organizations (UN), Regional Integration the Non-Align Movement and the African Liberation Movement Burnham achieved Guyana’s foreign policy