Analysis of Malaysian Foreign Policy Malaysia once, becoming a land that occupied by British government. In 1957, Malaysia gets independence and called as Tanah Melayu. After that, Malaysia was ruled by Malay people using democracy. On 16 September 1963, Malaysia officially established as a nation by combining 13 states including Sabah, Sarawak and also Singapura. However, in 9 August 1965 Singapura withdraw from Malaysia and formed their own nation.
The Nationalist leaders and generals which showed the British that the locals were able to lead the country themselves which thus led to the transfer of power from the British to the locals to be hastened. Furthermore, as shown in paragraph two, the British would have nothing to lose by giving independence to Malaya. British was hesitant not to give Malaya independence was due to the fact that they were afraid of Malaya not handling the itself well if they were independent rather
Another feature of Islamic identity in Mataram kingdom is ‘Sultan’ tittle which is obtained from Ulama in holy city Makkah, previously the kings of Mataram tittled ‘Sasuhunan’ which means the guardian of Allah. (Purwadi, 2010:313). Under such circumstances, the Islamization of Javanese society was inevitable accross the Mataram land. As the successor of Mataram kingdom, actually both Yogyakarta and Solo are the political product of Giyanti agremeent in the 1755. The internal war within Mataram kingdom and the friction among the princes especially between Prince of Mangkubumi and Pakubuwana III for the throne led to political compromy namely Giyanti agremeent.
Malaysia is commonly known as a country that has multiple races, cultures and ethnicities such as Indian, Chinese and Malay. This happens are because Malaysia were being colonized by the other countries in ancient times. Once upon a time, the original people of Malaysia are the Malays but when the days progressed and developed the occurrence of trading activities , shipping , transfer , marriage between traders and the conquest of the territory causing permanent citizenship. Therefore, Malaysia have racial diversity so this is causes a fight , a struggle for the throne between the region and plunder other races . For example , in Malacca and Betong on 13 Mei 1969, there was a race riots between Chinese and Malay.
Parameswara and his followers retreated to the Malay Peninsula. The prince first set-up camp in Muar and then, Sening Hujung, Bertam, but finally he ended up in Malacca circa 1400. However, in recent studies some scholars argued that the Malacca Sultanate was founded in year 1262. As for the name of the kingdom of Malacca, there is both legend and history about the name. In Malay tradition, it told that Parameswara seat under a tree by the banks of the river Bertam.
Eventually, in 1886, the capital fell into the hands of the British and ruled the remaining portions of Burma. A new class of administrators were drawn from Burmese or Indian civil servants who were educated and trained under British influence and who owed their rise and position in society to the British system which they were then supporting. Police enforcement troops were introduced and big prisons were built across the country with additional measures of torture and severe punishment when the prisons were
Japanese powers had effectively taken control over the airspace all through Malaya and Singapore within a short period of two months. The Japanese Occupation in Malaya started on the 15th of Feb 1942 and amid the Japanese occupation for three and a half years, different strategies have been executed to fortify their position. All approaches have an enormous effect on social, political and monetary life of Malaya. The People were in sufferings and discouraged by the Japanese government approach. Social impacts of Japanese occupation in Malaya prompted more far off relationship between the races within Malaya.
The British felt that Singapore as a new-born nation then was lacking in capable leaders, thus the only way British was willing to relinquish self-governance to Singapore was through the merger with Malaya. Malaya would be able to provide strong leadership to lead Singapore in times of danger or crisis like communists’ threats of attack. Besides that, a defenceless red dot surrounded by larger countries are prone to invasion, thus the merger allowed deterrence against potential invaders on the authority of Singapore’s national security. With that, Singapore’s full self-governance was gained. Since Singapore being one of the largest seaport in the world, she could sell goods at a competitive price via a common market with the Malaya.
These two races have very distinctive cultures and beliefs they practice in Malaysia. Malay Ethnic Values and beliefs The Malays are one of the biggest quantities of individuals in Malaysia. In light of the Malaysia Demographics Profile in the year 2014, the rate of Malay subjects in Malaysia is 50.1%. As Muslim, the Malays have solid convictions in the idea of Supreme Being-Allah the Almighty. Some of their qualities and convictions are their clothing regulation.
Malaysia’s economy made a major transformation since Malaysia achieved its independence in 1957, from a heavy reliance on tin mining and rubber plantation to an industrial based economy (Mun, 2007). Most of the industrialization efforts, especially the development of heavy industries in Malaysia by HICOM, a government funded agency have been approached. The approach has caused high financial and administrative burden to the government. Hence, in 1983, Malaysian then Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad announced the government’s intention to embark on a privatization policy to ease public sector involvement in the economy. However, the privatization in Malaysia has resulted in both success and failure.