The natural rights philosophy, for instance, is the belief that government should only have the power that is given to them by the people. The common good philosophy, however, is the belief that the government should hold as much power as they possibly need in order to deliver the best possible outcome to their people. Both philosophies stress their own ideas, both positive and negative. The common good philosophy is the belief that man should do all that he does in order to better the life of not just himself, but the people around him. This has many good things and many bad things.
If not, individuals may be deprived easily by the government and nobody has the power to change it easily once an autocracy is formed. For electing our own government, a democratic government should be formed and universal suffrage is an element of liberal society. In my opinion, individual independence and freedom is the core belief of liberalism and liberalism should be dominant as it represents and guaranteed the interest of every single one of us. References Locke, J. (1960).
Conservatism reflects a cautious attitude to change and a Burkean recognition of the value of institutions which have served humankind over time as proven repositories and safeguards of wisdom — the family, the rule of law, parliament and universities and for some people the church (The Centre for Independent Studies).” Wilkinson meant that liberals were different than conservatives. What she said establishes creditability because she shows comparisons between liberals and conservatives and what their actions are. On October 15, 2014, Mario Rizzo of Library of Law and Liberty argued about classical liberalism and liberty. He
Previously mentioned, Shklar believes how the limited power to the state is the solution to individuals freedom and liberty not being in danger. She also believes that the liberalism of fear is not similar to anarchism. Anarchist’s tend to believe that people do not need state power or any rules of law to live peacefully, but Shklar suggests that rules are significant to liberalism in various ways because the rules of law will protects ones individual
Typically, being a libertarian means to be socially liberal and fiscally conservative or you support economic and social freedoms (parks). More specifically, what does it mean to be a libertarian according to David Boaz? According to David Boaz, to be a libertarian means to be an advocate for freedom because “libertarianism is the view that each person has the right to live his life in any way he chooses so long as he respects the equal rights of others (6).” He characterizes libertarianism as “indispensable”, an indispensable framework for the future because it has limitless possibilities for all individuals (374). Although the current political debate is between libertarianism and social democracies, the philosophy of libertarianism is not new. In fact, the philosophy and its philosophers, John Locke.
Individual rights and freedoms allow people to voice and discuss their opinions, and participate in government decisions. This ultimately causing a people to become closer socially, creating a closer knit society. Others would agree with King, claiming that collectivist values benefit everyone. It decreases economic disparity , allows for social improvements and change , and creates social programs that help all that require it. It is apparent that King’s view on individualism and collectivism should be greatly embraced .
Political liberalism is thought to have two central values -- autonomy and equality, both essential to reinforcing the value of the individual in society. To add on, tolerance is generally thought to go hand in hand with equality. The idea is that in order for every individual to have equal civil liberties and be treated as political equals, others that strongly disagree with their beliefs or lifestyles must at least be tolerant of them. However, the idea of tolerance in itself seems paradoxical. As philosopher Bernard Williams points out in his essay, Toleration: An Impossible Virtue, the biggest puzzle concerning toleration is that “tolerance...is required only for the intolerable” (18).
Thus, Freedom is not only a political relationship (see below), but also a basic political value organizing more specific political ideologies and attitudes. The same is true for the values of Solidarity, Equality and Tolerance. Ideological groups and categories will especially also define them- selves (and their goals) in terms of their most cherished (preferential) values. Thus, for dominated groups, political Freedom, Justice, Equality or Independence may be more prominent values than for instance the social values of Harmony, Submission, or Sympathy”. John Lennon was the maximum representation of the hippie movement.
This shows how morality has been entrenched since the beginning. In the contemporary era, as people have become more aware of their rights they demand more corrupt free politics on all the fronts. The dilemma is at what level morality in politics can interfere in every sphere of human activities as morality differs from person to person and society to society. If we classify this term into two categories, i.e., universal and descriptive, then it will be easy to deal with this
This inability to cope with others of opposing political values is rooted in one’s morally correct, yet potentially wavering political tolerance for others. This concept is extended in later stages of life when one has a partner where political values may precede the “undying love”. By observing existing complications that arise within the relationships of one’s life, it will become evident that political beliefs largely take precedence over even the most intimate relationships. Family plays a huge part in shaping the individual that a child will become in later life. Even prior to birth, the environmental chemicals and maternal substances used during fetal development have been linked to a child’s behaviour in later years (Dodge and Pettit 2003).