In the article provoking a genocide by the journal of Genocide Research, the author reexamines the role of the Tutsi led by the RFP forces. They highlighted that the Rwanda Patriotic front(RFP) had the support of international community and they threatened to overthrow the Hutu regime. This led to the genocide. Approximately ¾ of the Rwanda domestic Tutsi population were killed in 100 days. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu and gained power, but their population was devastated.
This war prolonged for 15 years and it was one specifically caused by the African native’s collective need to attain political independence as well as access to economic resources and land. Laws enforced by the Rhodesian government too sparked the war as the government had implemented laws such as: Native Land Husbandry Act and the Land Appointment Act 1930. Laws such as these prohibited Africans from staying in agriculturally productive areas . The natives too felt that their country was held in the wrong hands as the British dominated it as well as run. External factors such as communism and China too had a role in the war as communist countries supported some Zimbabwean parties .The ZANLA was supported by North Korea and the People’s Republic of China and the ZAPU was supported by the USSR and East Germany.
The second Anglo Boer War can to a greater extent be seen as contributing factor to the implementation of Apartheid in South Africa. The war didn’t only open physical wounds but also emotional wounds which led to an outpour of nationalism as blood gushed from the wounds of the Afrikaner nation. This out-pour of nationalism, fuelled by the second Anglo Boer War, was what ultimately led to the implementation of Apartheid in South Africa. However there were other factors like the Groot Trek and “poor white problem” along with Afrikaans the language itself which had become a powerful symbol of Afrikaner nationalism. Another factor which can be seen as a cause of the implementation of apartheid is the loyalty black Africans had towards the British.
Neighbors turned against each other and women were captured and sold as sex slaves. A majority of those dead were Tutsis and a majority of those who instigated the violence were Hutus, the two major ethnic groups in Rwanda. The Rwandan Genocide occurred as a result of years of conflict between the Hutu and Tutsi peoples, ended after
This can be defined as a violent conduct created basically to create fear in people, for political reasons. A typical example of a political terrorism is the Kenyan unrest of 2007. Following the outcomes of the Kenyan General Elections on Sunday, 30th December 2007, sporadic violence occurred among communities that resulted to several losses, injuries, destruction of properties and a high number of immigration. The violence was as a result of disputes caused by political parties over election results. Over 100,000 people were affected one way or the other.
The Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) was the armed wing of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), one of the two liberation movements that spearheaded the struggle for Zimbabwean independence. It used various ways in mobilizing support from the rural population and violence was common among the others. The guerrilla fighters are also fingered for having been responsible for impregnating women on a large scale. Most narratives of the Zimbabwean liberation war give the impression that sexual harassment of women by guerrilla fighters in the operational areas was commonplace and was rampant. The ZANLA forces used violence in some cases in mobilizing their support from the masses in the liberation struggle.
A statistic showing the incidence of murder and violent crimes in 2003 show that the main cause of death in South Africa was violence. Refer to figure 1. This number has decreased slightly but South Africa still is a leader in violent crimes and murder worldwide. The role that human rights have on society is minimal, and the need for the protection of human rights is
The external resistance stemmed from south Africa’s growing international isolation and decreasing economic supports due to apartheid which would result to the end of racial segregation and discrimination, this all began with the anti-apartheid movement in the 1960s which was born out of the boycotts in april1960, after the Sharpeville genocide on 21 March the ANC was banned which now meant all paths of peaceful disagreement to apartheid inside South Africa were unnavigable. The freedom movements started and set about establishing an underground resistance, and started looking for assistance from external countries leading to international isolation of apartheid South Africa and, Christian Action’s Resistance and Aid Fund, for support for those imprisoned for their obstruction to the white
The political rivalry displayed since 1991 routinely turns into political violence. Although not distinguishing between electoral and other forms of political violence, a recent study drew on relevant dataset to show that between 2002 and 2013 more than 2400 people were killed in political violence and over 126000 were injured (Suykens and Islam, 2015). Other observations relevant for the present thesis are: the existence of confrontational bipolar party politics; the winners-takes-all power struggles which have divided the nation; the patron-client politics; the existence of one kingdom and two dynasties (Islam, 2015); the lack of strong electoral institutions in
But the pain that apartheid caused is still evident in the country’s rampant racism and distrust of the authorities. As a result of oppressing the black community to intensely for so long, they are left with a worrying lack of education and housing, which largely affects the economy. All of this combined leads to a troubled society with rising crime rates and corruption. Albeit the fact that the country is in the midst of recovering, there is much to learn from its past. The errors made during apartheid teach us of the dangers of censorship, and how freedom of speech can turn a situation around completely, convincing people to finally stand up against and accuse the authorities of an entire nation of inexcusable bigotry.