Democracy refers to a governmental structure in which control is in the hands of the citizens. Democracy was developed in Greece at approximately 500 B.C.E. Many say it is the birthplace of democracy. According to our reading assignment from last week, “Athens was the first and perhaps the most radically pure form of democracy in history” (Brand, n.d., p. 28). In Athens, each year fifty councilors from each of the ten demos were chosen.
Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts. The term, Democracy, stems from the Greek word ‘demokratia’ which means rule by the people and it wasn’t until around 500 BCE in Athens where the first examples of democracy originated. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empire’s republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. As I will come to
Ephors were the five magistrates of Spartan. Their term of office was only a year. Their main duties were to administer the Spartan's foreign affairs, judicial system and their armed forces. Aside from that, the Ephors have also the power to declare war to peasants or the "helots," when a rebellion occurs. On other hand, the assembly also elects the Gerousia.
Athens had an empire, they stood up for values, they were the school of Greece, while Sparta were clinching onto their dear iron bars. This allowed for Sparta to forget about their state, and go on the offensive. Another example that ties this conflict together is the aspect that Athens a democracy could elect such ignorant leaders who only care about their own glory. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always
How did democracy develop in Athens? Athens is the birthplace of democracy. At first, Athens was a polis which was under a monarchy. Then a king made himself one of the archons which is an elected leader to rule the city which was an aristocracy because only the wealthy and special families could become archons. Athenians appointed Draco to create laws which established equity and stability.
The Athenian and the Spartan civilizations were very unique and different but the people shared many similar ideas. The Athenians believed that their government was original and that everyone should participate directly in government. On the other hand, the Spartans believed that every man should train for the military. Both the Spartans and Athenians believed in an equal society where the members were devoted to the polis. During this time, Athens supported a democracy.
This means that the country is governed by the same royal family due to their lineage. Monarchy is found throughout Ancient Greece wether it be in Sparta 's two kings, Athens kings, or even in Macedonia with King Phillip II and Alexander the great. Monarchy within the Ancient Greek states was both obsolete and tested. Within the Spartan culture, kings were able to be balanced out by Ephors, which were elite members voted in by Spartan citizens. The Ephors were a good example of the Aristocracy because they were aristocratic men of the Spartan society that were voted into the elite ranks of government.
9th Grade Ancient Greece Persuasive Essay Who was responsible for the fall of Ancient Greece - Sparta or Athens? It has been argued over the years about which city-state, Sparta or Athens was responsible for the fall of Greece. Athens had been the superpower all along the years. Especially after Greece won the Persian War the Athenian Empire was able to attain their full potential and brilliance. Sparta and its allies grew discontented of the great growing power Athens was becoming therefore different conflicts broke out resulting in the Peloponnesian War.
(Brand, n.d.)” meaning the ruling of a few. Sparta, with its two kings and the power being passed down through the descendants, leaves little room for change politically. Athens, will always be the starting point of the democratic society, because of this, you will forever see these two stand in stark contrast of each other. Even though, Athens was a “Athens was a class based society" (Brand, n.d.) The Aristocrats, masses and generals were all part of the government, according to
Nevertheless, from the very birth of demokratia in Athens in the 5th century BC, one can see how, even through the use of direct democracy, known as the purest model of democracy, unanimity is hard to achieve when put into practice. Individuals who are unable to vote and those who abstain from voting undermine the concept of unanimity and this is also clear in modern politics, where the highest point of populace consent is obtained through a ‘qualified majority’. However, to claim
There were two consuls in Rome and they both directed the government and led the army. They were both elected for one year and each of the consuls had the power to overrule the other consul with full power. If the consuls had a hard decision or big problem that they didn’t know how to solve, they would hire a person called a dictator that would rule over Rome for a limited amount of time. The Roman Government had a big impact on the U.S. government from today. There are only a few differences between the three branches of government that came to form for the U.S. from the Roman Government.