Introduction Political culture has been an area a subject of political science largely because it deals with political attitudes and behavioral patterns of the population. This culture determines relations of the citizens with the political system in terms of elections. Elections have specific elements that have impact on behavior pattern on political attitudes. This covers various aspect which deals with elections and voting. People are always engaged in voting because of the perceived benefits that are obtained from balloting (McDonald 107).
To have the younger generation aware that they exist and to get the information to the public about their political agendas politicians have had to innovate the promotional strategies they use; they have to go on talk shows, use and be active on social media platforms, have celebrity endorsements and be more active in making public appearances, however planned these all may be, these public relations- publicity activities still have to be done to have the public aware of their existence, just as celebrities have to do to stay in the public eye. According to Epstein Celebrity Culture is the values,largely, of publicity and it has institutions, contain values and exist around
An understanding of the history and origins of politics helps us to understand how there can be so many different definitions and understandings of politics around the globe. As we are about to discuss what politics should be, it is important to note the philosophical thoughts of
This brings about exposure to the unknown athletes and gives them fair chance to gain national and international fame. Athletes participating in Paralympics find a way to motivate themselves and be emotionally n physically strong to compete along normal athletes. They can establish themselves as the world 's top athletes of all time. Not only the participating athletes but the hosting country also can generate both the name and fame of the country. It can represent its profile to other countries and raise its bar through development of infrastructure for the event.
Political theory is more concerned with contributions of various classical and contemporary thinkers and philosophers. Political science is systematically diverse and adopts many methods originating in social research. Approaches include positivism, rational choice theory, behaviouralism, structuralism, post-structuralism, realism, institutionalism, and pluralism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, experimental research, and model building. The importance of political science lies in the fact that all of us live within political structures and we are affected by the alterations in the global political economy.
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND TO STUDY The gains of sport is enormous and has influence on all aspect s of human life; of which it makes one healthy, boosts self-confidence, help build leadership skills, contributes to the mutual understanding across race, culture and gender. While some scholars doubt the possibility of sport influence on diplomatic relations between international actors, evidence through events and time suggests that sport is becoming increasingly used by states and international organizations to reach across to their intended audience. Sport diplomacy as put by Horne et al states “sport (and play) involves rules and regulations which are derived in some way from the real world; sport provides politically usable resources; sport can promote nation building and international image making. In fact, modern sport has seldom been free of politics”.1 Sport has been very dominant in state relations both internally and externally. Historically, ancient city states of Greece and Roman Empire for example had used sport to enhance the fitness of their people in times of war and to demonstrate their superiority over other city states, while outside 1 Chien- Yu (eds) Theorizng the Role of Sport in State Politics, in International Journal of Sport and Exercise Science,1 (1),p.g 23 warring times, sport continues to maintain fitness; in later years sporting events were organized for entertainment or for competition.
You should care about politics because as you have read knowing about what politics is will help you fashion the disciplines that are going to be around you, as you grow older. Also becoming proactive and learning about the governing and force within politics so when you have the opportunity you can vote on politics you agree with more. Also the great importance of politics, how the ideas and words spoken can change politics itself by challenging them while also giving birth to new ideas. All these points have and are going to affect you and the society you live that is why it is most wise to educate yourself and
INTRODUCTION Deliberation and deliberative democracy have become a buzzword lately in the circles of political science scholars. Effects of deliberation on the way people form their opinions has become a salient area of research, as the hybrid field of political communication has been on the rise lately. The article which serves as an object of this critical analysis focuses on how various framing choices influence how we accept or reject the arguments presented by the politicians (and other entities which are a part of the decision-making process) and how they influence our opinions on various political issues - in other words, to examine the effects of deliberation on the formation of the public opinion. This essay will thus attempt to present the research article and provide a critical perspective where appropriate, in these segments: theoretical background, methodology, and the hypothesis combined with the results of the experiments, ending with a concluding remarks and criticism. Key words: frames, opinion, positive framing, negative framing, dual framing, deliberation THEORETICAL BACKGROUND As framing of issues is a central thing, a definition is called for.
What caused the progression of political philosophy are the different events and experiences which shaped the kind of political discipline we have now, but still traces its roots to political philosophy. The study of politics has evolved because of different events adding to the development of the discipline. The methods and approaches used by political philosophers reflect the general philosophical tendencies of their period in history. In the beginning, political philosophy was the sole basis of the study of politics because it provides wisdom. As knowledge advanced and different events occurred, political philosophy and political science diverged further and further from each other, bringing us to the situation today.
One of the most popular is the political advertising. It serves as an instrument of communication between the voters and the electoral candidates. According to Cundy (1993), politicians and advertisement producers believe that advertising allows candidates to reach even the uninterested and unmotivated citizens like those who are not paying attention on news reports, debates, and other campaign events. Through these advertisements the voters were given opportunity to identify and determine whom they really want to vote. Like in other television advertisements it is somehow helpful to the candidates since they could be remembered easily by the voters if they get the chance to watch their advertisements.