When fish consume the plastic, it will move up the food chain and affect other aquatic animals that consume fish. “Endangered wildlife like Hawaiian Monk Seals and Pacific Loggerhead Sea Turtles are among nearly 300 species that eat and get caught in plastic litter” (“Ocean Plastic Pollution”). If an animal gets caught in plastic, then it could suffocate them. “In 2008, two sperm whales were found stranded along the California coast with large amounts of fishing net scrapes, and other plastic debris in their stomachs” (“Ocean Plastic Pollution”). When an animal eats plastic, it causes their minds to believe that they are full but plastic does not give them the nutrients that they need and will cause them to starve.
Believe it or not we are all a witness of watching someone litter, or us littering. From planktons, to dolphins to birds can be affected by a simple oil spill in the ocean and especially in a close area like the Persian Gulf can cause great damage. When oil is spilled, toxins in the water spike and will shock the bodily systems of the animals living there, causing a massive amount of death and leading to endangerment. Before disaster had struck in 1991, the Persian gulf has beautiful clean beaches, filled with marine life. Beautiful clear, lushes water.
Red Tides affect the marine and land life in various ways, the most important of which are listed below 1. Effects on human life: i. Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP): This happens if fish contaminated with Alexandrium species is consumed. It majorly affects the nervous system and in many cases leads to paralysis. In extreme cases, the paralyses may affect the respiratory system and ay result in death. ii.
Ecosystem effects Oyster hatchery in Grand Isle, Louisiana Clean up efforts have included unprecedented amounts of chemical dispersants, which are used to break up oil slicks. Although detailed effects of the chemical dispersants on wildlife and ecosystems are not well studied, the chemicals used are toxic to a variety of organisms, and they have never been previously used on this wide a scale. Because dispersants break oil up into tiny droplets, marine biologists fear that fish larvae, zooplankton and filter feeders (such as oysters), will be at risk from eating the large quantities of “non-visible” oil. Chemical dispersants are likely to impact deep-water animals downstream of the well. Oil will likely reduce the amount and health of all
Thirdly, the ocean and its inhabitants are greatly affected by marine pollution. Marine pollution is the entrance of hazardous materials into the ocean. The ocean can be polluted a number of ways, including garbage, sewage, and noise. Garbage pollutes the ocean by disturbing marine life and tarnishing the marine environment, it can also damage ships. Sewage pollutes by adding dangerous chemicals to the ocean and depleting oxygen used by the animals.
As demand for metals and other materials grow in economy, countries turn to the ocean for collecting these materials that may occur more readily in the ocean floor. As informed by conserve-energy-future.com, the deepest parts of the ocean are being affected the worst by the mining; and acidity is increased due to the materials polluting the water: “For example, copper is a major source of pollutant in the ocean and can interfere with the life cycles of numerous marine organisms and life.”. They also state that as the acidity increases, corrosion of man-made objects is inevitable, leading to more pollution due to degrading material and increased oil spills. This then leaves another overcast of deadly substances to hinder the lives of creatures that must endure the circumstances placed by human
Historical View of Coral Bleaching Coral bleaching events have become severe issue in the past twenty years. The increase in water temperatures due to climate change and the increased pollution by humans are some of the main causes of increased coral bleaching events. Coral bleaching is the whitening of the coral due to increased stress. The bleaching process causes the coral to have an increased susceptibility to infections and other external factors. This leads to the ultimate death of the coral and the homes of many sea creatures.
This initiative should be considered by all governments as soon as possible in the hopes of saving the endangered sharks. Otherwise, without sharks, the ocean biological system will be unbalanced, thus affecting the entire food chain. If the populations of planktons or other small creatures increase, consequences will follow. The control and management of the oceans will be tougher if the population of small fishes were to greatly increase. The outbreak of diseases in the ocean will be induced and this may spread to rivers and lakes which will ultimately affect us since our drinking water would become
because lately people have demanded some fish species making them in danger of losing its habitat and go in extinction. In many countries and places, people has started developing artesany from marine animals and coral reefs, never purchase them, when you purchase them you are supporting their work making them keep developing more things and killing. Pink and red corals are being used for jewelry and sold in high prices for its beauty, but they belong in the ocean. Reduce the use of plastic, each plastic you use ends up in the ocean, animals such as fish and birds confuse it as food and choke themselves to death. An experiment was done in United States, opening a dead bird they found out his body was full of trash.
As humans expand they are producing more waste and need a place for it to go. In some countries, people just pump the waste into the water, as a result it is harming the manatees. The waste that humans are pumping into the ocean is causing toxic algae which the manatee eats and it makes the sick or could kill them. The waste from humans hurts the manatee also by