Pollution And Environmental Pollution

1584 Words7 Pages
Addressing Climate Change is the need of the hour. Economic growth driven by the use of energy intensive technologies is increasingly becoming a global concern due to its contribution towards global warming and destruction of scare natural resources. Petroleum, Manufacturing & Mining industries are high energy consumption and heavy pollution industry and hence they are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions, the most important of which is CO2.
The Petroleum and Chemical, Manufacturing & Mining industries are major industries in the production sector. The final products or intermediates from these industries are used as raw materials for a large number of manufacturing industries. These heavy industries are also major contributors to environmental pollution.
These industries are characterized by the production of multiple outputs, some of which would be considered as "desirable good outputs"& others as “undesirable bad output”. The desirable Products which are derived from Petroleum and Chemical Industry are Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Gasoline, Naphtha, Kerosene, Diesel, Olefins and Aromatics, Paraffins, Sulphur & coke. The desirable products derived from Mining and Quarrying industry are aluminium, copper, iron, silver, gold, zinc, tin and lead. The production technologies also produces undesirable outputs like carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon monoxide (CO), ammonia (NH3) & oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and sulphur (SOx) as a by-product while
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