“The seeds of the second war were sown at the end of the first war.” Polybius points out three main causes in book III (9-10). The first cause examines Hamilcar’s attitude, he had held out seven years and only had to capitulate because a failure by the Carthaginian government to send his supplies and reinforcements. Secondly, he had defeated the Romans and believed if he could face them on equal terms the situation would be reversed. Finally, he desired revenge on the Romans for going back on their word in his treaty with Catulus. Polybius goes on to state that Hamilcar played a massive role in starting the Second Punic
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The Romans went to war with the Carthaginians three times over the period of 264- 146 B.C. These three wars are known as the three Punic Wars. The first war was inevitable but the other two were not and were caused by the Romans desire for war and power. There were many reasons within the Roman society that could explain why they were so quick to fight. One of these reasons was honor.
The second war was the longer of the two wars, lasting from 320 B.C. to 311 B.C. These were the first wars since the death of Alexander. During the the Hellenistic time there were many wars, but there is one that really stands out from the others, the Battle of Ipsus. The Battle of Ipsus divided the empire once again. It was originally in three parts.but the battle split the territories into four parts total.
The Peloponnesian War was fought from 431-404 BCE in ancient Greece by the two most powerful city-states, Athens and Sparta. Military commander and politician, Alcibiades, son of Clinias, was well-born and wealthy. He was, on one hand, the most handsome, a great orator, patient, hard-working, skilled, and generous man; however, he was lustful, of bad moral character, and easily angered (Nepos, Alcibiades, (Albert Fleckeisen, 1886), chapter 1). During the Peloponnesian War, Alcibiades led the Athenians, but once he was convicted of defacing the Hermae, he fled to Sparta out of fear of death, betraying Athens. Once at Sparta, he helped the Spartans lead in the war; however, eventually, the Spartans feared that Alcibiades would soon betray them
The most important way one can learn about history, is through the utilization of primary sources. Primary sources are sources that are coming directly from an event (or from someone that was there). While primary sources are a gold mine of information, there are struggles that accompany them. Some of these struggles are historical biases, and language barriers. In this paper, language barriers will be broken down, as Herodotus and the Persian Wars will be analyzed in its translated form.
Caesar’s military activities in Gaul, Germany, and Britain campaigns had significantly important impacted the Roman Republic. Along with a substantial impact on the Roman Republic, the campaigns had prolonged both Caesars political and military career. The campaigns had offered the Roman Republic many advantages that includes; extending their clientele for future military campaigns, provided the Romans great recruiting grounds for their troops, and prolonged the amount of money the Roman Province had. This was all due to Caesars military activity in the Gallic Wars. “Caesar longed for a high command, a great army, and a pioneering war in which his brilliant qualities could be demonstrated”
The Peloponnesian War was a difficult period in Athenian history. Every victory was quickly followed by a crushing defeat. The overall morale of the Athenian people was low. During the funeral oration, Pericles gave a speech with this thesis: In order to protect the splendor and ideals of Athens, the Athenian citizens needed to undergo hardship for her sake.
Justinian Justinian the Great also known as Saint Justinian the Great was a Byzantine Emperor that ruled the Eastern Roman empire from 527-565. Justinian was believed to be born around August 1, 482 to his mother Vigilantia and his father Sabbatius. He was born in Tauresium, Dardania. Justinian lived until he was about 82/83 years old, and died on November 15, 565. Justinian was thought to be adopted by his uncle Justin.
Although it is not explicitly stated or described in the ancient myth of The Odyssey as it was in Tarzan and the Apes, Polyphemus devouring Odysseus’ men can be interpreted as an act of cannibalism. This action stems from the idea of the archetypal feral child myth where the cyclops, Polyphemus, is so far removed from human society that he does not understand the traditional hospitality of human beings that Odysseus was seeking. Even though Polyphemus is considered a cyclops, the epic does not mention the dissimilarities between man and cyclops aside from a cyclops having one eye. Polyphemus does come from a lineage of the god, similar to Odysseus. While both Odysseus and Polyphemus may not have the same biological make-up, they could be considered distant relatives.
In ancient Greek, diadochos is a noun that seems from the verb diadechesthai which translate to succeed to. As well as a compound of dia and deschesthai which means receive (Liddell, Scott). The Diadochi were the rival generals, families, and friends of Alexander the Great. They fought for control over his empire after his death in 323 BC. The Wars of the Diadochi would in fact mark the beginning of the Hellenistic period (Grote,1869).
Pericles,who was a general and statesmen in Athens, successfully maximized the Delian League showcasing Athenian imperialism. He won battles that arranged Sparta and Athens into a peace treaty. During this time Pericles advanced democracy in Athens allowing for the first time officials to be paid. Also during this time, he became a supporter for the arts and architecture that Athens developed. During the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles was elected by the state to give a speech over the fallen soldiers.
MYP Assessment - Polyphemus v. Odysseus The lawsuit should move forward. This is because the soldiers wanted to steal Polyphemus’s food and sheep, and Odysseus could have just left the cave without ever encountering the Cyclops and saved the lives of his men. Odysseus says that the soldiers were pleading, “‘Why not take these cheeses, get them stowed, come back, throw open all the pens, and make a run for it? We’ll drive the kids and lambs aboard.
In the beginning, Caesar lost a few battle against Vercingetorix but then defeated him ultimately. Vercingetorix with his men had taken refuge in a fortress in Alesia. Caesar trapped his rivals by building his own fortification walls around the fortress. After various attempts to win the battle, Vercingetorix had finally
However Livy believed that the road to war started after the First Punic War with Hamilcar's wars in Spain. "During the nine years [Hamilcar] spent in extending Carthaginian influence in Spain, made it clear enough that his ultimate objective was an enterprise of far greater movement, and that if he had lived the invasion of Italy would have taken place under Hamilcar's leadership" After Hamilcar's death the Carthaginian forces in Spain were controlled by Hasdrubal. Hasdrubal was more open to peace with Rome than Hamilcar and even signed a treaty with Rome that "[fixed] the river Ebro as the boundary between their respective spheres and establishing the neutrality
In this essay I will endeavor to examine Carthage and compare and contrast how its power rivaled Rome, I will look at the many similarities and differences in their way of life, and also how they came into conflict with each other. Carthage came into being in the ninth century B.C and traces its roots to the Phoenicians, who were a hardy race of sea farers based around the area of what is now known as Lebanon. They established many trading routes and partnerships throughout the Mediterranean Sea and even along the Atlantic coast. Carthage rapidly grew from a small port to a thriving trade hub and the epicenter of Phoenician commerce, this growth was accelerated by the arrival of many wealthy citizens of Tyre, the Phoenician capital, when
The two concepts, idealism and realism merge together to form the concept of idealistic-realism. Idealism in art, is the poetization and spirituatualzation of a theme, belief and ethos, realism on the other hand is the act of recreating any scene, object or action in the form art. The concept of idealism at a deeper glance is the comprehension of the idea or ideal created by the artist, and was the foundation of all great Greek and Renaissance art. Augustus of Prime Porta is a great example of the peaceful co-existence of idealism and realism, since the sculpture is ideal and conceptual in its composition and realistic in its execution. The marble statue of Augustus at Prima Porta was discovered in the villa of Livia in Prima Porta and was constructed to celebrate the Roman triumph over the Parthians in 20 B.C.