However, as Polyphemos attacked the ship with rock, Odysseus again made to yell back to the beast. Around him, his crew muttered, “‘Godsake, Captain!/Why bait the beast again? Let him alone!’” (Book 9, Lines 537 - 538) All the crew wanted was to get out safely. They realized that Odysseus needn’t “bait the beast again.” They ask “Captain!, Why” for they see Odysseus is merely being cocky. Yet, Odysseus ignores them and respond to the monster by shouting “Kyklops,/if ever mortal man inquire/how you were put to shame and blinded, tell him/Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye:/Laertes’ son, whose home is Ithaca!” (Book 9, Lines 548 - 552) Odysseus makes a very large tactical mistake; he tells Polyphemos’ that his is “Odysseus … Laertes’ son.” Odysseus demonstrates recklessness and selfishness because he wishes to take credit for “put[ing] Polyphemos to shame”.
Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
He would have his vengeance, that much was for certain, but he 'd have to be cautious in his approach. Unfortunately, if not Athena, the rest of the Olympians would likely mutilate him if he attempted to kill Odysseus, though a mere mortal hardly deserved the honor of being slain by him anyway. Such acts were beneath him, the lord of earthquakes and the sea, and besides, it was far more fun to torment his quarry rather than kill him outright. However, manipulating the sea on which Odysseus and his men were so conveniently situated at present, or encouraging a few sea monsters, perhaps...such tactics held merit, and Poseidon felt very pleased with himself for concocting such a plan. Although his main domain was the sea, Athena could not reasonably hold him responsible for all that lurked in it—after all, no one, not even a god, could be everywhere at once.
The Ancient Greek practice of “xenia” is highly valued, and in Homer’s The Odyssey the practice of “xenia” is vital to receive good one’s fate. For example, the cyclops, Polyphemus, does not value “xenia”, so instead of welcoming Odysseus and his crew, the monster decides to eat the men. As a consequence, he lost his sight, which was primarily from Polyphemus 's blatant disregard for the Ancient Greek practice. His fate could have easily been avoided if he had not eaten his visitors. Another example is when Nestor of Pylos and Menelaos of Sparta are both hospitable towards Telemakhos, granting him whatever he pleases on his quest.
ST2: Furthermore, Odysseus submits to temptation again, and Homer displays the temptations as another display of hubris on Odysseus’ voyage home. 1: Homer portrays Odysseus’ displays of hubris as one of the biggest temptations, seen as Odysseus tempts the cyclops, even when his crewmates plead for him to stop, saying, “‘So headstrong— why? Why rile the beast again?’”(9.550), but Odysseus’ provocation of the cyclops is not hindered by their pleas. 2: After escaping the cyclops, Odysseus expresses overconfidence, leading to the taunting of the cyclops, while his crew cries, “‘Why rile the beast again?’” for fear that Odysseus would be further tempted to lengthen their journey home. 3: Odysseus’ temptation to affront the cyclops, Polyphemus, leaves his crew bothered by his actions, because when Odysseus crewmates are watchful and wary of temptation, Odysseus falls into its trap time and time
But, this omen that Zeus sends is a false one, as he sends a message to Troy about the Achaians’ plan, so that the Trojans can defeat them. Instead of fighting the two sides duel, but the duel ends inconclusive. In book eight, Zeus forbids the gods from participating in the war. This ban on intervention allows Zeus to direct the war against the Greeks as he promised the Achilleus. To accomplish this, he sends lighting and thunder to scare the Achaians, who then flee from the Trojans.
They believe that the naval officer was the indirect cause of the island’s destruction. The officer can be perceived as being a dues ex machina, this is somebody who resolves a problem that seems impossible to solve and seems like it has no solution. He is also described as having weapons and violent traits to show that he isn't just their rescuer and “savior” but he also has a violent and preparing to go to war. The naval officer tells Ralph “I should have thought that a pack of British boys—you’re all British, aren’t you?—would have been able to put up a better show than that—I mean—” (Golding 290). He is disappointed in the boys because he expects British people to act more civilized in a situation like this, and not kill two of their own men.
It could be said that he is not a hero because after he defeats Polyphemus, he yells to him, “If I could take your life I would and take your time away, and hurl you down to hell! The god of earthquake could not heal you there!”(479-481). By saying this, he was challenging a god and belittling Poseidon's power, which does not aline with Greek values. Still, this does not make Odysseus less of a hero. What he said was wrong, but he was punished and he changed his ways.
He proves that he is a great leader and isn’t easily affected by conflict. He says, “[I] shouted out to him in my rage, ‘Cyclops, if anyone asks you who it was that put your eye out and spoiled your beauty, say it was the valiant warrior Odysseus…’” (96-98). As he and the remainder of his crew are leaving the island, he yells back to Polyphemus to make sure the Cyclops knows exactly who he is. Odysseus additionally shows he can easily trick others. He says, “...three times did I fill the bowl for him, and three times did he drain it… then, I saw the wine had got to his head” (12-13).
Argos needs a hero and they ask Perseus to save their kingdom. While in the Greek story version, the king of Argos is scared of his future when told that his grandson will be his killer. King Acrisius decides to send his grandson off to the ocean in hopes that it kills him and his destiny will not be fulfilled. Both stories have similarities and differences. Similarities are more difficult