Throughout history, many periods of music have existed, some of which have left behind enduring contributions to music altogether. The most important period of music however is the Baroque period. This is because the beginning of its era marked the introduction of dominant musical devices that have been used ever since. The term “baroque” was derived from the Portuguese barroco meaning “oddly shaped pearl” and refers to a period of European music or Western European art music that flourished from about 1600 to 1750. This period began when the Renaissance period of music – a period of music full of choral music and chants – began to change.
Guillame de Machaut, unlike John Dowland, has a well-known composition called Agnus Dei, and it is a prayer for mercy and peace. Machaut created music for the church and was the first to do in a polyphonic approach. Agnus Dei became a staple in the mass ordinary, as it referred to “speaking of christ”. This song was meant to appeal to the mind and not so much the ears, it was a revamp on the Middle Age Gregorian chant. John Dowland was from 1563-1626, so he is from the late Renaissance period in which he primarily wrote melancholy songs based off of popular consort songs and dance music from that time period.
The Renaissance and Baroque periods of music are two very similar and different eras. The Renaissance which began after the end of the Middle Ages in 1450 and ended the beginning of the 1600s, this is where the Baroque period starts. The beginning of the Renaissance period was compromised of sacred and religious music cultivating from the middle ages. Before the Renaissance period music had to be copied and re-written by hand, which was a very difficult task to do continuously. During the Renaissance period however, printing was invented, which made producing music easier and also changed a lot of other things in other areas.
For instance, he introduces the piece by using a polyphonic technique that was used in the Medieval period, and homorhythmic form that combines high voices with the low ones by moving together rhythmically. Also, He brings classic work such as the “Gregorian Chants” into this piece and combines them with the stylistic ideas of the Renaissance
Baroque music is a style of western art music. It was followed after the Renaissance music and was followed in turn by classical music. It emerged in the seventeenth century as a shorthand notation for keyboardists who were accompanying a soloist or small ensemble performing a work originally composed for a larger group. Key composers of the Baroque music are Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, Henry Purcell, Arcangelo Corelli, Alessandro Scarlatti, Jean Philippe Rameau, Johann Pachelbel, George Frideric Handle, Claudio Monteverdi Domenico Scarlatti and many others.
The first period in music history is the Medieval, also called the Middle Ages, which instigated after the collapse of Roman Empire and prevailed between 450 and 1450 AD. This period was an era of Western music and begun with the Georgian chant (plainchant). The plainchant was monophonic;
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Name Date How did the Italian Renaissance ideas spread northward and how were they transformed in France or England? Introduction
Medieval Bard (Intro) The word Bard was used chiefly to signify a Celtic musician or poet. Although several equivalent words were used to denote musicians and poets in other cultures as well. Medieval bards have greatly influenced the history, music and culture of the Celts and were chiefly responsible for the rise of secular music in the middle ages. Medieval Bard - Definition and Description
American Transcendentalism was highly inspired by Romanticism, and therefore they have many similarities. However, there are some differences, especially in their ideas of religion and God. The American Transcendentalist period took place in the mid 19th century. It began around 1836 and lasted to roughly 1860. Romanticism occurred much earlier, around the end of the 18th century, but was mostly dominant around 1840.
Non-Jewish music has come a long way. Hundreds of Rabbi’s have inspired and restricted the music and have turned it into what it is today. Contrafactum is an important word in the history of Jewish music since it describes the use of other melodies and replaces its original text with a new text. Many Rabbis used this technique but many others were opposed to it. Starting very early in the 11th century, R. Mosheh Ibn Ezra discusses the use of musical instruments in his Book of the Garden.
Most of his first compositions show this. They are mostly in Latin and have more than one melody at the same time. One of his most famous works Spem in alium (meaning “In No Other Is My Hope”) shows this style of music. He wrote this around 1570 which is after King Henry VIII broke away from Rome.