In order to get inputs from the team members as an authentic-participatory leader, listening skill is important. Another quality that needed for a good leader is management skill. The leader who can manage time, people and work efficiently is the one who is focused on the goal. The distribution of the work equally and organizing people will help to get the specified job get done efficiently. Further, trustworthy, understanding the people, able to motivate people, good decision making, being responsible, being realistic and being ethical are some important aspects of a leader to develop as a good leader.
The general concept of change is defined as just “a new state of things, different from the old state of things”(French et al., 2000) B4 Organizational change may also be defined as “a state of transition between the current state and a future one, towards which the organization is directed.” (Cummings et al., 1985) B4 The origins of this definition are found in the thinking of Lewin (1947).Organizational change refers to any alteration that occurs in the overall work environment of an organization. It may relate to changing technology, organizational structure, working processes, work environment, organizational policy, and even the roles people play (Kondalkar, 2013). B-2 Struckman and Yammarino (2003) defined organizational change as “a
Organizational change Many companies worldwide have in one way or another implemented change in the operations of their business over the past years. This type of change in the operation of any business is described by the term organizational change. Factors such as new technology, competitive advantage and globalizations influence organizational change within a company (Hayes, 2014). The ability of a company to manage and successfully implement change is crucial to its survival. Consequently, organization change has attracted the attention of many researchers and scholars.
Problem formulation 2.1 Concept of project management However, the basic concept of project management is relatively uniform, literature dealing with project management shows a varied picture including the designations and the highlighted points. A great example is the naming of project management processes also known as phases, process groups or project lifecycle. There are two relevant standards about project management dividing these processes into five groups but with slightly different names (Table *). Verzuh (2005) defines four phases of the project lifecycle with the same content as the standards. ISO 21500 PMBOK Verzuh Initiating Initiating Define Planning Planning
It includes organizational structure assessments, stakeholder assessments etc. This help in understanding the challenges which may come during implementation of change. • Time Frame and Scale: The other critical aspect is the time frame and scale of implementation of process change. This shall involve critical analysis of impact of the same on services during the time frame and how steep it will change working style of employees. • Organisational Strength and power of change management team: Assess the strength of change management team.
For example, a person from India will typically have a different opinion on what culture is in comparison to someone from the west. Therefore, as a result, different theories have been published in attempt to explain culture and the differences between them. This literature review will critically evaluate relevant theory related to explaining the differences in cultural values. A well credited definition is presented by Huczinsky &
Culture also has types and levels. According to Yvette (2009:98-100), culture can be influenced by many factors. For example, people behavior’s can influenced by family, politics or even friends. The types and levels of culture as follows: 1) Universal culture refers to culture of humans and nationalizations. Its about their daily life, values, and so on.
For example ask for the reasonable reason, if they still coming late then may give them a verbal warning for the first time, if still late then may give a formal warning letter to warn them, but if they had change their behavior, then you should praise them for the changes so they will feel being appreciated for such changes, therefore they will keep practicing. Besides that, the manager or leader is an important role in an organization, because if the manager or employer has a good leadership they will able to lead the entire employee to achieve the goal. A good leader will motivate their members when they having difficulty, encourage them to think creatively in order to come out with some new idea, make a decision
b. Effective IT managers take control and have strong leadership skills. Project management involves leading shareholders and vendors to a successful outcome. Leading projects is about creating a win-win outcome for everyone involved while being aware of all the risks and obstacles. A good IT project manager inspires their teams with confidence;
I can say it depend with the culture on how they view things. However, I should say culture is comprised of a community’s set of common values, practices, and goals. Culture is vivacious concept that allows for change due to different factors, such as the need to adapt to the environment and the exposure to other cultures. Developing an understanding for other cultures are acclimatizing to a global world was increasingly needed to interact with people of different background. Culture is one thing, which it is developing in time and passed from one generation to the next.