What infuriated the colonists was not the increased tax but the fact that their representatives were not present in the process of revising taxes. Britons and British Americans agreed that, according to the constitution, British subjects could not be taxed without the consent of their elected representatives. In Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament. Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body. Although Parliament lifted some of taxes on colonists, it still taxed on tea without consent of their elected representatives.
The Boston Tea Party was a symbolic event of the Revolution, but one can speculate with a good degree of certainty that it would not have occurred if not for the series of historic events in Boston and other colonies that preceded it. The Boston tea party was a result of The Stamp Act, The Currency Act, and The Tea Act. Since Great Passed these three laws it angered many of the colonist and resulted in The Boston Tea Party. The Currency Act was the first of many new laws that Great Britain had created that the many of the colonist angry. The Currency Act was a law the prohibited American colonist from using there own American money to buy goods from England.
(The Sons of Liberty were a gang of the patriotic colonists). Seeing that the colonists weren’t glad and opposing the Tea Act. Colonist actions made the parliament angry and disrespected. The royal parliament decided to take a serious step ahead and enforced them the intolerable act. The Intolerable Acts as you know were in response to the Boston Tea Party.
The King had the ability to control the empires he ruled, however, the colonists had no say in the creation of laws that were placed on them. The phrase “No taxation without representation” was largely used during the mid-1700’s and this problem became a major factor for the colonies who were wanting independence.
Causes and Effects of the Boston Tea Party On December 16 1773, the Sons of Liberty led by Samuel Adams, conducted a union of Patriots to the Boston Harbor. King George had recently confirmed the Tea Act, which forced colonists to pay for unreasonably taxed tea. Furthermore, they plotted to boycott tea because of it. This boycott began the Boston Tea Party, causing many other crises after, leading to the Revolutionary War. By diminishing the tax on imported British tea, this act gave British merchants a biased advantage in selling their tea in America.
The first tax that Britain passed was the Sugar Act of 1764, this tax was on sugar goods and after a lot of unrest Parliament finally lowered the price of the tax and the colonists were satisfied. However, a year later the colonists were thrown in another fit after the Stamp Act was passed. The Stamp Act was different from the Sugar Act as the colonists would have to pay it directly and in addition to every purchase of paper they made. The colonists almost erupted in complete rebellion over the law, however Parliament repealed the law.
Eventually, the situation escalated and the British soldiers shot into the crowd killing 5 men. Paul Revere, one of the leaders of the Sons of Liberty, engraved a picture of the event. The news of this incident was spread throughout labeled as “The Boston Massacre” (Doc 4). This increased the anti-British sentiment in the colonies and further the push for
The Boston Massacre Many historians believe that Captain Thomas Preston ordered his men to shot the American colonists of Boston. However, there is evidence that proves this statement to not be true. On March 5, 1770, an altercation broke out in Boston between a British sentry and a group of American colonists. When British troops converged on the scene, an angry mob formed and began yelling insults and pelting them with snowballs and debris.
The Boston Massacre was a street fight that occurred on March 5, 1770, between a “patriot”. They were throwing sticks, snowballs, and trash at a group of British troops. The loyalists got very annoyed with the patriots so they shot into the mob killing five. The riot began when around 50 colonists attacked a British sentinel. A British officer called in for additional troops
Sons of Liberty ¨He that takes this down is an enemy to his country.¨ Incited by the Sons of Liberty. Thousands gathered and a sign was placed on the effigy of Andrew Oliver. The Sons of Liberty were american heros because they helped nullify the stamp act, they gave average people a way to be involved, they were the ones who started the revolution. Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament in early 1765, levied a tax on colonial legal documents, licenses, port clearances, newspapers, cards, and dice. As soon as they heard about the law, American colonists began complaining that this was a new form of taxation without their consent.
Things begin to change around 1760s, when British parliament passed series of laws without the consultation of American people. The one such law in this series was Stamp act. The Stamp act was passed in 1765. Americans found this tax to be unconstitutional and disturbing because they believed that no freeman could be forced to pay the tax without his permission. Even Benjamin Franklin personally requested the British parliament to relook the
Navigation Laws and Salutary Neglect This is connected to grievance 16. The Navigation Acts were a series of laws passed to regulate trade and enable taxation in the colonies. They restricted colonial trade with countries other than Great Britain.
The Cause British Winning The War:The French and Indian War took place between 1754 and 1763 and is also known as the Seven Years War. This conflict formed part of a larger struggle between France and Great Britain to expand their empires. Although Great Britain won this war with massive gains in land in North America, it also cost them dearly as it led to more conflict, ultimately resulting in the American Revolution. The Pontiac's Rebellion:In August of 1763, after the French-Indian War, an Ottawa Indian chief named Pontiac went to other Indian chiefs along the Ohio River Valley to start a rebellion.
The French-Indian War of 1754-1763 resulted in political, ideological, and economic alterations within Britain and its American colonies. The French and Indian War, also referred to as The Seven Years War, began with British and French conflicts across the Ohio River Valley, as both nations wanted to claim the land for themselves. The first blood of the French-Indian War began with multiple British failures, including Washington’s dreadful defeat at Fort Necessity and General Braddock’s failed attempt at conquering Fort Duquesne, in which he died along with two-thirds of his army (Document C). The British would, however, gain momentum in 1759 with multiple victories, including their most significant triumph, Quebec.