In the early 19th century, millions of immigrants from Europe had traveled to the United States to escape difficulties faced in their native lands such as poverty and religious persecution. Italian, German, Irish, and many other eastern European immigrants sought the prosperous and wealthy lifestyle advertised in the land of opportunity, the United States. However, after settling down they often faced the difficulties they had fled from as well as sentiments of prejudice and mistrust from the American people. Most immigrants were discriminated against due to their religious beliefs as well as their language barriers which fostered the beliefs that they were intellectually inferior to Americans. However, the American economy needed both skilled and unskilled workers and the migration of European immigrants to large cities allowed them to fill the growing number of factory jobs for unskilled workers.
The hardest part for the people who had these types of jobs was that there was a large amount of labor involved with very little pay and it wasn’t just men who worked these jobs, it was women and children 3 years old and up. A very important of example of what the life was like in industrialization within the Gilded Age was the Cotton Mills Girls… “I was eleven years old when I went to work in the mill. They learnt me to knit. Well, I was so little that they had to build me a box to get up
However, they were often treated in the most brutal ways possible. Therefore, we can state that child labour during the British Industrial Revolution brought benefits to the country’s economy. However, the physical and psychological impacts it had on them out-weighed the economical benefits. Children often suffered physically from working long hours during the Industrial Revolution. Children working in factories were forced to go through long shifts of arduous work, ranging from 10 to 14 hours a day with very brief breaks in between.
Although the condition seems much improved, consumers don’t know the true fact- “Today, American citizens simply cannot know the working conditions of the factories that make the products they buy. We cannot know how the chemicals, tools, and technologies in these workplaces affect workers.”(In the Global Apparel Industry, Abusive and Deadly Working Conditions Are Still the Norm)-many workers have to inhale harmful gases, face dangerous situation everyday. More, reports indicate that women make up the vast majority of the workforce, but men make up the supervisors, which is the same as what happened in the Gilded Age. “The darker side of the growing population in cities was racial tension and
Most never had to hunt or farm back in Europe, this caused starvation, because they were ignorant to it. A Captain had to come and set everything straight so less people would die. This quickly caused a change in how colonization went, more people were settling in the new world and less were dying. Different type of agriculture and jobs were formed at this time causing a major transition in America. In conclusion, the early settlement of the Europeans shaped America to be the country it is today.
Factory workers were severely impacted socially and economically during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries due to horrendous working conditions. A report from the Meiji Government in Okaya, Japan in 1900 revolved around the long hours and harsh conditions that came with factory work. An average work day consisted of thirteen to fourteen hours, where workers would wake at 4:05 AM, and go to work until 7:30 PM; in which they would only receive 3 breaks of 10-15 minutes from their total of 14 hours and 20 minutes of work. When it was particularly busy, workers were even kept until the late hours of 10 PM (Document C). The purpose of this report was to display the intense working conditions people would have to work through, which consisted
Child labour has been happening since the beginning of the industrial revolution when factories were first introduced. The working conditions unfitting for children with large and dangerous machinery, long work days and very little break time. It is said that child labour was crucial during the Industrial Revolution for it to succeed. By the early 1800s, England had employed over a million child workers. "Factory owners were looking for cheap, malleable and fast-learning work forces – and found them ready-made among the children of the urban workhouses," states Professor Jane Humphries from Oxford.
With new inventions in transportation, textile, and agriculture Britain changed rapidly during the Industrial Revolution. Before the Industrial Revolution began people would manufacture goods in their own houses, with the employers supplying the materials needed and much of the work had to be done by hand. However, during the Industrial Revolution, many advancements were made in several areas of work, which meant machines now did the majority of the labour. Although many wonderful inventions were made, poor people’s lives became harder and the work became very dangerous. Beginning in 1700 and continuing on till 1850, the Industrial Revolution brought both joys and sorrows to the people of Britain.
The reason the worker would hate it is because of the horrible working conditions. For example, in document seven is showing a picture of a factory blowing smoke from the top which is also polluting the air. The smoke coming from the factory is not even the worst thing; inside of the factory workers must be breathing the smoke which raises the chance of catching a disease. So during 1820 the majority of factories had extremely awful working conditions. However there were some positives about the Industrial Revolution; which people will most likely argue about.