The Industrialization had bloom during the late 1800s early 1900s. This big growth was a positive and negative impact in the United States history. This began the devastating practice of child labor. Children would work in factories for very long hours be paid very low wages or not even be paid. According to Harold Goldstein, ‘’it had been accepted as a norm, employment of young children gradually came to be viewed as harmful and exploitative in the United States.’’
Michael Sadler wanted to really bring in the spotlight the horrible things that were going on in Britain. He interviewed over 80 children working in these mills and their stories are devastating. Most stories are the nearly the same, a very far journey to get to their mills/factories where they work, many of the children started working at 6 years old, barely any lunch breaks, and the list goes on and on. Sadler interviewed one woman named, Elizabeth Bentley, she had been working at a factory since the age of six; Sadler wrote, “Could you eat your food well in that factory? –No, indeed I had not much to eat, and the little I had I could not eat it, my appetite was so poor, and being covered with dust; and it was no use to take home, I could not eat it, and the overlooker took it, and gave it to the pigs” (Sadler 6).
children sometimes work up to 19 hours a day. Only giving them a one hour total break.” (Child Labor in Factories, 1). Many children who worked in the factories would not be able to read or write because they were deprived from their childhood and education. These working conditions did not end until the reformers started to protests and child labor laws were put into motion.
The life in the 19th-century for labor worker was from far easy. With all the wealth being generateing during the Gilded age very little of its wealth were given to the wokers. Even the best wages for a industrial worker were low, with long hours, working in awfully poor conditions. With safety rules and regulations being unexisted, it was hard to blame employers responsible. It was worse for women and children, who worked as hard or even harder than men, often time only revcieved only but a fraction of what a man earned.
In the industrial age many laws were enacted as of late, because of the rise and fall of companies taking power from government and state, many laws common place in the modern world, at that time were slowly gaining weight and of the time were detritus to the human society. As of what Elizabeth Bentley was questioned on, “C: You are considerably deformed in person as a consequence of this labor? B: Yes I am" (doc. 7). Kids working in the factories, one by one, suffered the consequences, and melancholy atmosphere that had personified the liabilities upon their human nature, burning through the skin, the bones, and the muscle that worked long hours, for the minimal sum. That minimal sum would only be a small fraction of the amount needed to feed and pay the expenses of the family.
Child labor was another problem presented at this time. At the rate they were going back in 1900, 26% of boys between ten and fifteen were already working, and for girls it was 10% (Background Essay). Child labor was increasing as fast as the children working were dying. An example of this tragic scenario was Dennis McKee, a 15-year-old boy who was smothered to death by coal (Document B). This boy had a family, and that family had to deal with the loss of their son, all to the fault of an industry that thought to use young, able-bodied boys for their work was a fantastic idea.
“As countries industrialized, they also urbanized. This was a result of people moving to cities in large numbers in order to gain factory jobs” (Document 6). With new urbanization, it gave the children little to no opportunity to be able to gain an education. Parents and even the children were going to work in factories from hours on end. In the 1800’s a girl named Elizabeth Bentley testified before a parliamentary committee investigating conditions among child laborers in Britain’s textile industry.
In the 1800’s, a girl named Elizabeth Bentley testified before a parliamentary committee investigating conditions among child laborers in Britain’s textile industry. One of the questions stated: “What time did you begin work at the factory?” Elizabeth responded with this: “When I was six years old” (Document 7). This affected her education in years to come. Her health and well-being was affected as well, in which, by the end of her work, she lived in a poorhouse.
Child labor was a great concern in the Industrial revolution but very few people did something to stop it. Women and Children were forced to work more than 10 hours a day with only forty minutes to have lunch. Elizabeth Bentley once said that they didn’t have any time to have breakfast or drink anything during the day. They worked standing up and if they didn’t do their work on time they were strapped (whipped). Children were treating like they were not important, like they didn’t deserve a better life.
This led to scarce resources, and seeing opportunity in North America to run away from famine, job scarcity, government and social constraints, the US provided a fertile land for Europeans to land. During this time, North America provided a satisfying condition for the occurrence of the transatlantic migration. By 1815, peace had returned to the Atlantic region that aided the migration that would last up to 1914 uninterrupted. Moreover, there were pull factors for these Europeans to want to settle in the US during that time. The US had unlimited freedom where everyone had the freedom to practice anything that he desired.
As a result, from 1860 to 1900 alone, the number of urban areas in the United States expanded fivefold (Source 2). The immigrants who desperately needed employment and the greed of factory owners made the rise of sweat shops astonishing. Around the country low-paid immigrants, including women and children, worked for excessively long
After the War of 1812, workplaces all over the United States diversified. Factories came to see more free African Americans, Germans, Irishmen, and other nationalities working within them. Plantations welcomed Irishmen displaced by the potato famine and some free men that were willing to work alongside the plantation. To be able to accommodate a growing population and to diversify its resources, America began expanding west. Settlers in the west came once again into contact with Native American groups that in a way became reliant on and even part of the Western
An excerpt from a testimony dialogue from the early 1800’s states that “a factory worker named Elizabeth Bentley had work hours beginning at 5 in the morning to 9 at night” (Document 7). This remains to be a clear point of child labor and employment that was supported during the revolution because of the need for workers in textile and other factories. The hours given to children were the same as adult men and women, and required the same amount of effort and efficiency. An everyday shift was the example stated above, a total of 16 hours, which is far longer than the average job today in North America. The same testimony dialogue also showed evidence in which “Bentley’s labor caused deformation in her legs, in which she had ‘weak ankles and crooked knees’ from working in the factory’s harsh conditions” (Document 7).
The working and living conditions described by both the article about Engel and the article on labor conditions in England are appalling and it becomes self-evident why the revolutions began to become widespread. Engel described the city of Manchester as, “Chimneys choked the sky; the city’s population soared more than sevenfold. Thanks in part to staggering infant mortality… (Para 3). His analysis describes the horrendous living conditions that cities had become accustomed to since the industrial revolution began to take off. The living conditions described in the article on labor conditions in England matches the one’s described by Engel in Manchester.